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Flashcards in Stalin Deck (18):
1

What problems were there with housing?

-Overcrowding similar to Tsarist period
-In 1930s Moscow 25% population lived in 1 room shared between 2+ households
-Living space had fallen from 8.5m²in 1905 to 5.8m² per person

2

What did the3 1936 constitution aim to do?

-Give the people more representation and autonomy, but the new social structure was still dominated by key members of Communist party.

3

When was the Great Terror?

1936-1938

4

What did the Great Terror involve?

The use of show trials and purges to instil fear in the Russian people.

5

What were the secret police called and what did they do?

-NKVD
-Involved in purging certain groups (including army/communists)

6

How many people were sent to Gullags?

Over 40 million people

7

What happened to Domestic policy between 1941 and 45?`

Focused on coping with problems created by participating in ww2. Russia invaded by Germany.

8

When was the Cold War?

1945-1953

9

How did Stalin cope with the cold war?

An internal reconstruction programme

10

What were the successes of the 5 year plans?

-Improvement of communications
-Discovery/exploitation of new resources
-Produced 'show pieces' such as Magnitogorsk
-Machinery output increased x4
-In 1st F.Y.P unemployment had dwindled from 1.7 million in 1929 to nearly 0.

11

What were the failures?

-Unrealistic goals which weren't reached
-Propaganda used to promote false success.

12

When was he in power?

1928-53

13

What were the 5 year plans?

-Command economy, more rational use of resources, quotas & targets
-To modernise Russia and Catch up with the west
-Heavy industry targeted at expense of consumer goods
-Equipped for war/being super power
-Growth in towns, housing construction etc.
-Large scale construction projects.

14

Give Details on Stalin's collectivisation policy

-Started in 1929
-Smaller farms brought together to form bigger, communal farm units
-Aim was to increase food production to serve needs of industrial proletariat worked on collectives.

15

When was the famine?

1932-1934

16

What happened to the Kulaks?

-Dekulakisation as they opposed collectivisation
-Disrupted production/led to migration
-In Kazakhstan the population fell by 75% as peasants moved to China.

17

What did Stalin do in terms of educational reform?

-Compulsory primary school attendance 1930
-Scrapping of fees 1939
-Creation of correspondence courses
However, gymnasia reintroduced

18

How were his educational reforms successful?

-In 1931, 2.5 million pupils went to secondary schools compared to 6.9 million in 1932.