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1

Structures that are both medial to the biceps tendon and deep to the bicipital aponeurosis include which of the following?

A. Brachial artery only

B. Median nerve only

C. Median cubital vein only

D. Both the brachial artery and the median nerve

Both the brachial artery and the median nerve

2

Almost all infrahyoid muscles are characterized by which of the following innervation patterns? A.hypoglossal nerve B. ansa cervicalis C. C2 D. C2-C3

B. ansa cervicalis

3

The cervical sympathetic trunk ascends on the anterior surface(s) of which of the following muscles? A. Longus colli and capitis muscles B. Sternocleidomastoid muscle C. Anterior scalene D. Rectus capitis superior and lateralis muscles

A. Longus colli and capitis muscles

4

Most potassium reabsorption occurs at which of the following sites?

A. Ascending loop of Henle

B. Distal convoluted tubule

C. Proximal convoluted tubule

D. Collecting duct

C. Proximal convoluted tubule

5

Surfactant is a lipoprotein essential to maintain alveolar function. In a healthy fetus, it is formed in the lungs at what time? A. 24 weeks gestation B. 28 weeks gestation C. 34 weeks gestation D. 38 weeks gestation

A. 24 weeks

6

If there is a mutation in the growth hormone receptor and growth hormone is unable to bind to liver cells, what would the outcome be? A.Low levels of IGF-1 (somatomedin C) expression, growth failure B. High levels of IGF-1 (somatomedin C) expression, growth failure C. low levels of IGF-1 (somatomedin C) expression, no effect on growth D. lowlevels of IGF-1 (somatomedin C) expression, accelerated growth

A.Low levels of IGF-1 (somatomedin C) expression, growth failure

7

Which of the following structures enters the pharynx by passing between the base of the cranium and the superior edge of the superior pharyngeal constrictor? A. Stylopharyngeus muscle B. Auditory tube C. Glossopharyngeal nerve D. Salpingopharyngeus muscle

B. Auditory tube

8

Inhibin inhibits secretion of FSH by the anterior pituitary and is secreted by which of the following: A. Seminal vesicles B. Prostate gland C. Cells of Leydig D. Sertoli cells

D. Sertoli cells

9

A bundle of axons in the central nervous system is referred to by which of the following terms? A. Nucleus B. Tract C. Ganglion D. Nerve E. Gray matter

B. Tract

10

Cell bodies of sensory neurons carrying general sensory information from the dura of the middle and anterior cranial fossae, the external surface of the ear drum, and the anterior two-thirds of the tongue are located in which of the following cranial ganglia? A. Trigeminal (semilunar) B. Geniculate C. Superior salivatory nucleus D. Inferior salivatory nucleus

A. Trigeminal (semilunar)

11

Cell bodies of the parasympathetic preganglionic fibers to the ciliary ganglion (source of cell bodies of postganglionic fibers to the sphincter pupillae muscle) are located in which of the following? A. Semilunar ganglion B. Geniculate ganglion C. Edinger-Westphal nucleus D. Nucleus ambiguus

C. Edinger-Westphal nucleus

12

Which of the following scalene muscles attaches to the second rib? A. Anterior B. Middle C. Posterior D. None of the above, all attach to the first rib

C. Posterior

13

Which of the following BEST describes the epineurium?

A. It is a membrane composed of type III collagen surrounding a fascicle.

B. It is a membrane composed of type I collagen surrounding a fascicle.

C. It is a membrane composed of type III collagen surrounding a nerve.

D. It is a membrane composed of type I collagen surrounding a nerve.

D. It is a membrane composed of type I collagen surrounding a nerve.

14

The radial artery in the “anatomical snuff box” may be injured when which of the following bones in fractured?

A. Lunate

B. Scaphoid

C. Capitate

D. Hamate

E. Triquetral

Scaphoid

15

Q: Which of the following muscles attaches to both the medial aspect of the femur (linea aspera) and the adductor tubercle, creating the adductor hiatus? A. Gracilis B. Pectineus C. Adductor longus D. Adductor magnus

D. Adductor magnus

16

Cells that initially lay down cartilage matrix are best identified as which of the following? A. Chondroclasts B. Osteoclasts C. Chondroblasts D. Chondrocytes E. Fibroblasts

C. Chondroblasts

17

What woul be the Va/Q ratio for alveolar blood with a PO2 of 104 and a pCO2 or 40?

A. 2.5

B. 0.8

C. 0

D. Infinity

B. 0.8

18

Identify the following specific (layer) structure indicated by the arrow.

A. External root sheath

B. Internal root sheath

C. Cuticle

D. Medulla

B. Internal root sheath

19

Which of the following muscle groups is lateral to the others listed below?

A. Longissimus group

B. Interspinales 

C. Spinalis groups

D. Transversospinalis group

E. Iliocostalis group

Iliocostalis group

20

Identify the tissue shown in this slide.

A. Loose connective tissue

B. Hyaline cartilage

C. Dense bone tissue

D. Adipose tissue

 

D. Adipose tissue

 

You shouldn’t need slide

21

In the myelinated sheath of peripheral axons, which of the following is important in binding together the outer leaflets of the Schwann cell plasmalemma and helping to compact the cytoplasm?

A. Proteolipid protein

B. Myelin basic protein

C. Major protein zero

D. Connection 32

C. Major protein zero

22

Increase in sexual activity, compulsive tendency to place objects in mouth, decreased emotionally, changes in eating behavior and visual agnosia are characteristics of the Kluver-Bucy syndrome. This results which of the following is/are bilaterally destroyed? A.substantia nigra B. red nucleus C. amygdala D. thalamus

C. amygdala

23

The medullary rhythmicity center is located in the same area of the brain as the cardiac center and the vasomotor center. The pneumotaxic and apneustic centers are located in which of the following parts of the brain? A. Pons B. Medulla C. Mesencephalon D. Thalamus

A. Pons

24

which of the following scalene muscles attaches to the second rib? A. anterior B. middle C. posterior D. all attach to the first rib

C. posterior

25

Fetal blood from the right ventricle going to the descending aorta is pumped through which opening? A.Foramen ovale B. Ductus arteriosus C. Ductus venosus D. Foramen soventus

B. Ductus arteriosus

26

Q: Which of the following forms a muscular sling at the anorectal junction? A. Puborectalis B. Pubococcygeus C. Coccygeus D. Iliococcygeus

A. Puborectalis

27

Which of the following features marks the boundary between the false (greater) pelvis and the true (lesser) pelvis? A. pelvic brim B. pelvic diaphragm C. perineum D. iliac crests

A. pelvic brim

28

Which of the following kinds of cells are unique to the pancreas and is associated with the intercalated duct?

A. Alpha cells

B. Paneth cells

C. Centroacinar cells

D. Acinar cells

C. Centroacinar cells

 

Lecture 26, Slide 9

29

A median-sagittal plane is described by which of the following two intersecting axes? A. cranial caudal and the left-right axes B. cranial caudal and the anterior-posterior axes C. left-right and the anterior-posterior axes D. none of the above

B. cranial caudal and the anterior-posterior axes

30

Which of the following represents the narrowest part of the laryngeal cavity? A. Infraglottic cavity B. Rima glottidis C. Rima vestibuli D. Space between the vestibular folds

B. Rima glottidis