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Flashcards in anatomy II Deck (61)
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1

The inguinal ligament attaches to which of the following pairs of structures? A. ASIS and AIIS B. AIIS and ischial spine C. ASIS and pubic tubercle D. ASIS and inferior pubic ramus

C. ASIS and pubic tubercle

2

all of the following features except one are characteristic of the male pelvis in comparison with the female pelvis. Which one is characteristic of the female pelvis? A. deeper greater pelvis B. round obturator foramen C. wide pubic arch D. large acetabulum

C. wide pubic arch

3

Which of the following features marks the boundary between the false (greater) pelvis and the true (lesser) pelvis? A. pelvic brim B. pelvic diaphragm C. perineum D. iliac crests

A. pelvic brim

4

The lesser and greater sciatic notches are separated by which of the followign landmarks? A. PSIS B. PIIS C. ischial tuberosity D. ischial spine

D. ischial spine

5

The major constituent of the pelvic diaphragm is the levator ani complex. Which of the following is NOT part of the levator ani complex?\ A. puborectalis B. pubococcygeus C. coccygeus D. iliococcygeus

D. iliococcygeus

6

Which of the following forms a muscular sling at the anorectal junction? A. puborectalis B. pubococcygeus C. coccygeus D. iliococcygeus

A. puborectalis

7

Which of the following structures does not exit the pelvis via the greater sciatic foramen? A. superior gluteal artery B. inferior gluteal artery C. sciatic nerve D. obtutrator nerve E. inferior gluteal nerve

D. obturator nerve

8

which muscle separates the exit of the superior and inferior gluteal arteries from the pelvic cavity? A. quadratus femoris B. obturator internus C. superior gemellus D. ingerior gemellus E. piriformis

E. piriformis

9

the male and female external gentialia are derived from homologous embryonic primordia. The genital swellings of the embryo form which of the following adult structures? A. scrotum B. labia minora C. clitoris D. shaft of the penis

A. scrotum

10

Which of the following layers of the uterus undergo most pronounced changes during the menstrual cycle? A. Endometrium B. myometrium C. perimetrium D. mensometrium

A. endometrium

11

Which of the following is the longest and widest part of the uterine tube? A. isthmus B. ampulla C. intramural D. fimbriae

B, ampulla

12

Which of the following ligaments is the primary support for the medial longitudinal arch of the foot? A. long plantar B. plantar calcaneonavicular C. plantar calcaneocubod D. deltoid

B. plantar calcaneonavicular

13

The subtalar joint allows for inversion and eversion. Which of the following movements is associated with eversion? A. adduction B. supination C. dorsflexion D. plantarflexion

D. plantarflexion

14

What is the approximate angle of inclination in the average young adult? A. 175 B. 150 C. 125 D. 74 E. 15

C. 125

15

The navicular bone is a component of which of the following subdivisions of the foot? A. hindfoot B. midfoot C. forefoot D. mortise and tenon joint

B midfoot

16

the calcaneus transmits weight from the talus to metatarsals 4 and 5 via which of the following bones? A. cuboid B. middle cuneiform C. navicular D. lateral cuneiform E. medal cuneiform

A. cuboid

17

Which of the following represents the lateral boundary of the femoral triangle? A. adductor magnus B. adductor longus C. sartorius D. pectineus

C. sartorius

18

which of the following is found in the femoral triangle but not the femoral sheath? A. femoral artery B. femoral vein C. femoral nerve D. lymphatics

C. femoral nerve

19

The Trendelenburg test is used to evaluate which of the following muscles? A. pectineus B. gluteus medius C. gluteus maximus D. quadriceps femoris

B. gluteus medius

20

The three capsular ligaments of the hip limit which of the following motions? A. lateral thigh rotation B. hip hyperextension C. hip flexion D. medial thigh rotation

B. hyperextension

21

Which of the following arteries supplies the medial compartment of the thigh? A. femoral B. obturator C. deep femoral D. saphenous

B. obtruator

22

which of the following structures attach the menisci to the rims of the tibial plateaus? A. coronary B. cruciates C. collaterals D. fibular collateral ligament

A. coronary

23

Which of the following muscles is necessary to "unlock" the knee from its extended position? A. plantaris B. popliteus C. soleus D. lateral head of the gastrocnemius

B. popliteus

24

which of the following is not found in the popliteal fossa? A. popliteal nerve B. tibial nerve C. poplital artery D. popliteal vein

A. popliteal nerve

25

the malleoli of the tibia and fibula form the mortise component of the ankle joint. Which of the following forms the tenon? A. calcaneus B. cuboid C. talus D. medial cuneiform

C. talus

26

the tendon of which of the following muscles passes between two sesamoid bones located at the base of the first metatarsus? A. adductor hallucis B. peroneus longus C. flexor hallucis longus D. abductor hallucis

C. flexor hallucis longus

27

which of the following structures/spaces is associated with the spinal cord but not the brain? A. arachnoid membrane B. pia mater C. subdural space D. epidural space

D. epidural space

28

Which of the following dural sinuses does not connect directly with the confluence of sinuses? A. straight sinus B. transverse sinuses C. superior sagittal sinus D. inferior sagittal sinus

D. inferior sagittal sinus

29

Which of the following extrinsic muscles of the eye is not supplied by the oculomotor nerve? A. lateral rectus B. inferior obliques C. medial rectus D. inferior rectus

A. lateral rectus

30

the anterior belly of the diagastric muscle is derived from the first pharyngeal arch is innervated by which of the following nerves? A. facial B. trigeminal C. glossopharyngeal D. hypoglossal

B. trigeminal