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Flashcards in Anatomy I Deck (44)
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1

cranial-caudal and left-right axes define which of the following kinds of planes?

A. coronal

B. sagital

C. parasagital

D. transverse

A. coronal

2

a median-sagital plane is described by which of the following two intersecting axes?

A. cranial caudal and the left-right axes

B. cranial caudal and the anterior -posterior axes

C. left-right and anterior-posterior axes

D. none of the above

B. cranial caudal and the anterior-posterior axes

3

while standing in the anatomical position, the palms of the hand are supinated

A. true

B. false

A. true

4

the posterior compartment of the brachium (arm) contains the triceps complex. which of the following nerves supplies the muscles of the posterior compartment of the brachium? A. ulnar nerve

B. median nerve

C. radial nerve

D. musculocutaneous nerve

E. axillary nerve

C. radial nerve

5

the anterior compartment of the brachium (arm) contains the biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, and brachialis muscles. which of the following nerves suppolies the muscles of the anterior compartment of the brachium?

A. ulnar nerve

B. median nerve

C. radial nerve

D. musculocutaneous nerve

E. axillary nerve

D. musculocutaneous nerve

6

the axis of rotation for flexion and extension is...?

A. longitudinal or cranial-caudal

B. left-right or transverse

C. anterior-posterior

D. none of the above

B. left-right or transverse

7

during arm (humerus)abduction, the serratus anterior clamps the scapula against the thoracic wall, thereby providing a stable base for the movement of the glenohumeral joint. While engaged in this activity, the serratus anterior muscle would best be described by which of the following terms?

A. agonsit

B. antagonist

C. fixator

D. synergist

C. fixator

8

which of the following organs would not be seen in a mid-sagital section of the human body?

A. heart

B. lungs  

C. intestines

D. transverse colon

E. brain

B. lungs

9

which of the following would not be classified as a long bone?

A. femur

B. humerus

C. ulna

D. calcaneus

E. radius

D. calcaneus

10

the patella is an example of which of the following types of bones?

A. short

B. long

C. irregular

D. sesamoid

D. sesamoid

11

How many cervical vertebrae are present in the human vertebral column?

A. five  

B. six 

C. seven

D. eight

E. nine

C. seven

12

How many pairs of cervical spinal nerves are present in the human?

A. five

B. six

C. seven

D. eight

E. nine

D. eight

13

a muscle contraction that results in the lengthening of a muscle would best be described as which of the following?

A. concentric

B. eccentric

C. isometric

D. both A and B

E. both B and C

B. eccentric

14

what type of epithelium is shown here?

A. simple cuboidal

B. simple squamous

C. stratified squamous

D. simple columnar

E. stratified columnar

A. simple cuboidal

15

What type of epithelium is shown here?

A. simple cuboidal

B. simple sqamous

C. stratified squamous

D. simple columnar

E. stratified columnar

D. simple columnar

16

which is the predominant type of tissue seen in the photomicrograph below?

A. loose areolar connective tissue

B. brown (multilocular)adipose tissue

C. reticular connective tissue

D. white (uniocular) adipose tissue

D. white (unilocular) adipose tissue

17

cells that initially lay down cartilage matrix are best identified as which of the following?

A. chondroblasts

B. osteoclasts

C. chondroblasts

D. chondrocytes

E. fibroblasts

C. chondroblasts

18

which of the following groups of cells are capable of breaking down bone matrix?

A. chondroclasts

B. osteoclasts

C. chondroblasts

D. chondrocytes

E. fibroblasts

B. osteoclasts

19

in a diarthrosis, which component is more vascularized than the others?

A. outer fibrous capsule

B. articular cartilage

C. ligaments

D. synovial membrane

D. synovial membrane

20

name the boundaries of the anatomical snuff box

1. extensor pollicis longus 2. extensor pollicis brevis 3. abductor pollicis brevis hint: he said imagine this one as a which of the following are not part of the anatomical snuff box

21

which of the following muscles is most important in rotating the great tubercle from under the acromion during full arm elevation?

A. teres minor

B. infraspinatus

C. supraspinatus

D. subscapularis

E. pectoralis minor

B. infraspinatus

22

nerve supplhy to the latissimus dorsi is through which of the following nerves?

A. lateral pectoral nerve

B. medial pectoral nerve

C. long thoracic nerve

D. spinal accessory nerve

E. thoracodorsal nerve

E. thoracodorsal nerve

23

Which of the following nerves wraps around the neck of the radius?

A. ulnar

B. median

C. radial

D. musculocutaneous

E. axillary

C. radial

24

identify the muscle indicated by the arrow

A. latissimus dorsi

B. trapezius

C. thomboid major

D. rhomboid minor

B. trapezius

25

which of the following muscle groups is part of the intrinsic musculature of the back?

A. trapezius

B. erector spinae group

C. latissimus

D. serratus posterior group

B. erector spinae group

26

"Winging of the scapula" may be the result of injury to which of the following nerves?

A. thoracodorsal

B. axillary

C. long thoracic

D. thoracoacromial

E. suprascapular

C. long thoracic

27

the sacral promontory is formed by which of the following structures?

A. the centrum of L1

B. the spinous process of L1

C. the centrum of S1

D. the spinous process of S2

C. the centrum of S1

28

the spinal cord proper ends at which of the following levels? A. L5/S1

B. S5

C. L2

D. L4

C. L2

29

the vagus nerves pass through the diaphragm at which vertebral level?

A. T6

B. T8

C. T10

D. T12

C. T10

30

The aortic opening fo the diaphragm is located at which vertebral level?

A. T6

B. T8

C. T10

D. T12

D. T12