Flashcards in Alsace, Savoie, Jura Deck (68):
What was the last region in France to receive AOP status?
Alsace, in 1962
Where would you find the Vosge mountains?
The Vosge mountains are located between Alsace and the rest of France, they are located in western alsace.
What is Grés de Vosges?
Grés de Vosges is a local pink sandstone in Alsace
What 3 typesof Muscat are allowed in Alsace?
The three kinds of Muscat allowed in Alsace are:
Muscat à petits grains
Muscat Rosé a petits grains
Along with the 4 noble grapes, what other grapes does Alsace allow for varietal bottlings of Alsace AOP?
Alsace AOP allows varietal bottlings of the 4 noble grapes as well as:
Pinot Blanc (Klevner)
What is Klevner?
Klevner is an Alsatian synonym for Pinot Blanc
What is Gutadel?
Gutadel is an Alsatian synonym for Chasselas
Describe the relation between Pinot Blanc and Auxerrois in Alsace.
In Alsace, all varietal bottlings must contain 100% of the stated varietal; however, pinot blanc can be blended with the similar, but not identical grape auxerrois and still be labeled pinot blanc. Similarly, 100% auxerrois can be labeled as pinot blanc.
If a white wine from Alsace is simply labeled "pinot," what grapes are allowed in the wine?
A wine labeled only as "pinot" in alsace can contain any portion of:
What is the most planted grape of Alsace?
What is Tokay d'Alsace?
Tokay d'Alsace is a synonym for pinot gris in alsace which generally isn't used today
What is Auxerrois
Auxerrois is a grape that is similar, but not identical to pinot blanc. The grape can be blended with pint blanc for bottles lbeled pinkt blanc and can even be bottled 100% on its own and still labeled pinot blanc
What are two former names for pinot gris in alsace?
Two names for pinot gris in alsace that generally aren't used anymore are:
Tokay Pinot Gris
What is the relationship between gewurtztraminer and traminer?
Gewurtztraminer is a pink-berried clone of Traminer and slowly took over traminer's spot in Alsatian vineyards throughout the 19th century.
What is Savignin called in Alsace?
In Alsace Savignin is called Traminer.
What is Traminer known as in the Jura?
Traminer in the Jura is called Savignin
What is the relationship between Savagnin and Traminer?
These two grapes are the same, however the name Traminer is applied to Savignin in Alsace and the name Savignin is applied to Traminer in the Jura
What is another pink-varient of Traminer found in the Bas-Rhin, specifically in the commune of Heiligenstein
In the commune of Heiligenstein in the Bas-Rhin of Alsace, Traminer goes by the name Klevener de Heligenstein
What is Klevener?
Klevener is a synonym for savagnin rose/ traminer in the Bas-Rhin of Alsace, specifically in the commune of Heiligenstein
What 5 communes in the Bas-Rhin may varietally bottle Klevener de Heiligenstein?
The 5 communes that may varietally bottle Klevener de Heiligenstein are:
What is the most recent, 51st grand cru of Alsace?
Kaefferkopf is the newest, 51st grand cru of alsace added in 2006
What is a synonym for Klevener de Heiligenstein?
Savagnin rose which is also Traminer
What two Alsatian grand crus are allowed to produce blends rather than single varietal wines?
Kaefferkopf and Altenberg de Bergheim
What grand cru in Alsace is allowed to bottle 100% GC Sylvaner?
Zotzenberg, due to it being a historical site for sylvaner
Give the required minimum alcohols for the 4 noble varietals of grand cru alsace
Riesling/ muscat: 11%
Pinot gris/gewurtztraminer: 12.5%
What is the smallest grand cru of alsace
Kanzlerberg (3 ha)
What is the largest grand cru in Alsace?
Schlossberg (80 ha)
What is the difference in flavor profiles and production between SGN and VT wines in alsace?
SGN (selection de grains nobles) has grapes picked in tries and suppresses varietal characteristics in favor of Botrytis
VT (vendage tardive) wines may show botrytis, but highlight varietal purity
In which grand cru is clos-st-hune located despite not including it on the label and instead bottling as alsace aop?
Clos st hune is located in the Rosacker Grand Cru
What is the required g/L of sugar in VT wines for grand cru alsace in the four noble varieties?
Riesling/ Muscat: 235 g/L
Pinot gris/ Gewurtztraminer: 257 g/L
What is the required g/L of sugar in the noble varieties for SGN wines in alsace
Riesling/ Muscat: 276 g/L
Pinot Gris/ Gewurztraminer: 306 g/L
What is the only variety allowed for red alsace aop?
What is the main soil type of the Jura?
Jurassic limestone and marl with clay at the lowest sites
What are the 3 main red grapes of the Jura
What is Gamay Blanc
Gamay Blanc is a name for Chardonnay in the Jura
What is the main white for Cotes du Jura AOP
Chardonnay (Gamay Blanc) sometimes blended with Savagnin (Naturé)
What is the local name for Savagnin in the Jura?
What grapes are allowed for Vin de Paille?
All grapes for cotes du jura except pinot noir:
What is the grape of Vin Jaune
What are the three communal appellations of the Jura
What is the only commune allowed to append its name to arbois?
What is l'Etoilles wine production limited to and using what grapes
L'Etoille is a white wine only appellation in the Jura using Chardonnay, Poulsard, and Savagnin and is generally bottled late in an oxidative style
What is the mandatory aging for Vin Jaune
Vin jaune may not be released until December 15th of the 6th tear following the harvest. It may not be topped off during this time and a voile (yeast film similar to flor in sherry) will form on top. The wine is not fortified.
What commune of the Jura specializes in vin jaune?
What is Voile?
Voile is a yeast film that forms on vin jaune similar to flor in sherry
What is a Clavelin
A clavelin is a 62cL bottle that is squat shaped and is the classic bottle for vin jaune and is mandated for bottlings from the commune of Chateau Chalon
What is the minimum alcohol content for vin de Paille
What 3 communes may Vin de Paille be labeled as?
Cotes du Jura
What is macvin de jura?
Macvin de jura is when an aged marc (brandy) is added to unfermented grape must resulting in a sweet but alcoholic grape juice that can be red white or rosé and must age 1 year before release
What is the most common grape of Savoie
What 3 crus of savoie mandate 80% chasselas
Name a cru of Savoie that exclusively produces 100% Roussanne based wines
What is a synonym for Roussette in savoie
What style of wine does Roussette de Savoie make?
Whites from 100% Roussette (Altesse)
What 4 communes may append their name to Roussette de Savoie
Describe the styles of wine from Seyssel AOP
Seyssel AOP can produce dry or off-dry:
-still white from 100% altesse
-varietally-labelled 100% molette
-sparkling wine from min 10% altesse with molette and chasselas
Describe the wines of Bugey-Cerdon
This is a method ancestrale wine from Bugey using gamay and poulsard; the wines may be entirely gamay but they may not be 100% poulsard
What style of wine is made in Roussette de Bugey?
Whites from 100% Roussette (Altesse)
"Noble Mixture" from Alsace indicating an inexpensive field blend which does not need to be vintage dated and is not legally obligated to contain more than one grape
Alsatian blend which requires 50% minimum of noble grapes. Base wines must be vinified separately
Which grand crus of Alsace do NOT allow Muscat for single varietal wines
-Altenberg de Bergheim
Define Vin du Rhin
Also known as Flut d'Alsace, this is the bottle that must be used for Alsace Grand Cru bottlings
In which Grand Cru do you find the vineyards of Clos St Urbain and Clos St Théobald. Who are the producers?
Clos St Urbain and Clos St Théobald are located in the Grand Cru Rangen
Clos St Urbain: Zind-Humbrecht
Clos St Théobald: Schoffit
In what Grand Cru would you find the vineyard Clos St. Landelin. Who is the producer?
Clos St Landelin is located in the Grand Cru of Vorbourg and is produced by Rene Muré
Which Grand Crus do the grapes for Cuvee Frédéric Emile come from and who is the producer
Cuvee Frederic Emile is made from plots in Geisberg and Osterberg and the producer is Trimbach
What is the only AOP in Alsace to allow Chardonnay
What is the name for Lake Geneva in France