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Flashcards in Italian Producers/Vintages Deck (81):

Who produces the wine W... Dreams? Where does it come from and what is the primary grape? Name two other labels from Jermann and their primary grape

Jermann produces W...Dreams in Friuli, specifically in Goriziano. This wine features Chardonnay which has aged in for almost a year in new small French oak.

Vintage Tunina: Sauvignon Blanc
Vecchia Contea: Pinot Blanc
Cosi Sia: Friulano
Vinnae: Ribolla Gialla
Capo Martino: Friulano
BlauBlau: Blaufrankish
Red Angle: Pinot Noir


What are the grapes in Edi Keber's Collio Bianco

Keber only uses indigenous grapes for his white blend. It will always be a blend of Friulano, Ribolla Gialla, and Malvasia


Whats the difference between Ronchi di Cialla's Ribolla Gialla and their Ciallabianco

One is varietal, Ciallabianco is Ribolla Gialla with Verduzzo, and Picolit and is fermented in barrel, unlike the RG which is done in steel. RG more straightforward, Ciallabianco more perfumed and textured.


What is the grape of J.Hofstatter's white wine from the Vigna S. Urbano Barthenau?

Pinot Blanc. The wine spends about 15 months on the lees in large oak casks maturing.


What is the grape of Tiefenbrunner's Feldmarschall?

Muller Thurgau. The must sees a quick 6 hour maceration. A portion of the wine matures on the lees in large oak for 7 months, some spends that time in stainless steel and the wine rests in concrete before bottling.


Who produces Terso Bianco and where does this wine come from? What's the composition?

Terso Bianco is mande by Fumanelli in the Veneto. The wine is equal parts Garganega and Trebbiano which sees a short maceration before aging in tonneaux.


What's the difference between Gini's Soave La Frosca and Salvarenza

These are two different single vineyards. Frosca is a younger vineyard and wine is aged in both stainless and small barrel. Salvarenza is older vines, about 80 years old on average, from a specific plot within Frosca. This wine sees all small barrel. Wood here is used and doesn't really show in the wines. Both are 100% Garganega


What are the grapes of Rossj Bass, Gaia & Rey, and Alteni di Brassica.

Rossj Baas and Gaia & Rey are both Chardonnay. Rossj is a younger vineyard, Rey is slightly older vines in Treiso and some fruit coming from Serralunga. Brassica is Sauvignon Blanc from Barbaresco, the name refers to a yellow springtime flower.


What is the grape of Vignetti Massa's Derthona. What's unique about the variety

Timorasso, a grape that almost went extinct in Piedmont but was revived thanks to Walter Massa and other grape growers who felt this was the true noble white grape of Piedmont. Now, Derthona is actually applying for it's own DOC.


What's the difference between Paolo Bea's Santa Chiara and Arboreus? Where are these wines made?

These are both skin fermented white wines. Santa Chiara is a blend of Grechetto, Malvasia, Chardonnay, Sauvignon, and Garganega from the Pagliaro vineyard. Arboreus is made of 100% Trebbiano Spoletino trained in Pergola.


What's the difference between Verdicchio from Jesi and Matelica?

Jesi is coastal and tends to have more minerality and nerve. Matelica is inland, more of a warm continental climate= riper flavored fruit.


What is Coenobium?

Coenobium is a wine from the Cistercian Monastary in Lazio made under the purview of Bea. The wine is a blend of skin-fermented Malvasia, Verdicchio, Grechetto and Trebbiano


Where does Edoardo Valentini produce wine?

Abruzzo. He considered one of the best winemakers in the region. Only about 5% of his fruit is used to make his wine, the rest is sold. All of his wines are not made every year and when he does make wine its generally less than 50,000 bottles total.


What is the grape of Casa d'Ambra's Frassitelli? Where does this wine come from?

Frassitelli is made from Biancolella coming from the island of Ischia of the coast of Campania


What is the blend of Marissa Cuomo's Ravello Bianco and Furore Bianco

60% Falanghina, 40% Biancolella


What's the difference between Benanti's Bianco di Caselle and Pietramarina

Both 100% Carricante from Etna. Caselle is from 35-50 year old vines. Pietramarina comes from 80 year old vines.


What is Il Censo's Praruar

Il Censo is a joint winery run by Gaetano Gargano and Giampiero Bea (The label looks like a Paolo Bea label). The wine is 100% skin-fermented Catarratto,


Who produces Morei and Granato? What is the grape and where does the wine come from?

Elisabetta Foradori makes these wines in Trentino Alto Adige. Both are 100% Teroldego. Granato is old vine trained in Pergola. Morei is aged in amphora for 8 months.


Who is the proprietor of Zymé? Where is this winery located and why is the owner important.

Zymé is the project of Celestino Gaspari-- the ex-winemaker of Giuseppe Quintarelli's wines-- and although it was in operation in the late 90's under his purview, it fully opened on its own in 2003. The winery is in the Valpolicella Classico zone.


What is Bardolino?

Bardolino is a DOC in the Veneto and makes red wines that are very similar to entry level Valpolicella.


What's the difference between wines from Sandro Fay and Ar.Pe.Pe

Sandro Fay is a bit more modern and tends to age their wine in barrique. Ar.Pe.Pe is a very classic house in Valtellina and aims for terroir driven expressions. Fay is more generous fruit and softer, Ar.Pe.Pe is elegant and perfumed but structured and earthy


Where do the wines of Garblet Sue and Villero from Brovia come from? Where does Ca'Mia come from?

Garblet Sue and Villero come from crus of the same name in Castiglione Falletto. Ca'Mia comes from Serralunga in a vineyard called Brea.


What is the name of Cavallotto's almost monopole holding in Barolo? What commune is it located in? What is the name of their Riserva Barolo?

Cavallotto is located in Castiglione Falletto and the wines come from the Bricco Boschis vineyard (Although they also have holdings in Vignolo). Their top riserva is Bricco Boschis San Giuseppe Riserva, but Vignolo is labeled as Risera also.


Where in Barolo are the wines from Domenico Clerico made? What style does Clerico aim for?

Clerico makes wine in Monforte d'Alba. Their Ciabot Mentin and Pajanna come from the Ginestra cru. This producer aims at more extraction and new oak influence


Where does Aldo Conterno make wine? What are the names of his labels?

Aldo Conterno makes Barolo in Bussia, located in Monforte d'Alba. His wines are Cicala, Colonello and Romirasco, which feature youngest to oldest vines in that order. Granbussia is the top bottling, but it's only made in years when all 3 vineyards are successful, even though it's primarily Romirasco fruit.


Where does Giacocmo Conterno make wine? What is his top bottling called?

Giacomo Conterno makes wine in Serralunga d'Alba, although the winery is located in Monforte. His flagship wine is Cascina Francia, coming from the Francia Cru, but his top bottling, made only in great years, is called Monfortino. Recently he also purchased a vineyard called Ceretta, and even more recently Arione. Ceretta is now being made as Barolo, but Arione is not.


Where is the vineyard Bricco delle Viole? Name a producer.

Bricco delle Viole is in Barolo, known for high altitude. Mario Marengo is on our wine list and G.D Vajra is also a good producer here.


Where does Giuseppe Mascarello produce wine? What are his labels?

Giuseppe Mascarello produces wine in Castiglione Falletto. Their flagship wine is Monprivato, coming from the cru of the same name of which they own the entirety. From a small plot within Monprivato, they make a super rare bottling called Ca d'Morissio which was first released in 1993. They also make a Barolo Villero and Santo Stefano di Perno


We have a wine from Luigi Pira coming from Marenca. Where is Marenca? What style of wine is Pira?

Serralunga. These wines are richer, see time in new barrique, and come from a place prized for structure. The resulting wine is a fuller style of Barolo that is firm with lots of fruit and spice.


What are the vineyards referred to in Paolo Scavino's Carobric? What was the first vintage?

Rocche di Castiglione and Fiasco (Bric del Fiasc) in Castiglione

Cannubi in Barolo



Where does Bartolo Mascarello make wine? What are his labels?

Bartolo Mascarello makes some of the most iconic, classic Barolo from the commune of Barolo. They only make one wine: a Barolo blended from the four vineyards of Cannubi, San Lorenzo, and Rué in Barolo along with Rocche in La Morra. Maria Teresa, daughter of Bartolo is the current winemaker.


Who produces Rosso del Beppi? What other wines does this producer make and where do they come from?

Giuseppe Quintarelli produces Rosso del Beppi in the Veneto. This label is essentially his "declassified Amarone." He is one of the most famous Amarone producers and also makes:

Ca del Merlo Bianco Secco: Garganega blend
Primofiore: Sees no drying of fruit, valpo blend
Ca del Merlo: Single vineyard Valpolicella labeled as IGT
Amarone/Riserva/Selezione Giuseppe Quintarelli: the latter only made in absolute best years.
Alzero: Amarone style Cab Franc/Sauv and Merlot
Amabile del Cerè "Bandito": Only made in 1990 and 2003 made from botrytis affected garganega, aged in new barrique.

All of his Valpolicella variants are blends of Corvina/Corvinone, Rondinella, Cab Sauv, Nebbiolo, Sangiovese and Croatina.


Where does Romano Dal Forno make wine? What is his general style?

Dal Forno makes huge, bombastic Valpolicella and Amarone, and he is uniquely located outside of the Classico zone, specifically in the Illasi Valley. They make a Valpo Superiore, Amarone, and a Recioto called Vigna Seré only in exceptional years.


Why are the single vineyard red wines from Angelo Gaja NOT labeled as Barbaresco?

They all contain 5% Barbera, which makes it illegal to carry the Barbaresco DOCG


Where is Martinenga and who owns it? What other labels do they make?

Martinenga is located in Barbaresco and is owned by the Marchesi di Gresy. From this vineyard they also make a wine called Gaiun aged exclusively in new French barrique and Camp Gros which spends a short time in barrique, but then a longer time in large format Slavonian oak.


Who is the largest cooperative in Barbaresco? Name two of the vineyards they produce.

Produttori del Barbaresco. Asili, Rabajà, Pora, Montestefano, Ovello, Pajè, Montefico, Muncagota and Rio Sordo


What style of Barbaresco does Andrea Sottimano make?

Sottimano is totally obsessed with Burgundy. He espouses his love for the region constantly and aims for the style in his Barbaresco. His wine is aged in barrique, but only a portion is new, keeping the fruit fresh and forward, but his wines still have tons of tension.


Where does Burlotto make wine? What's unique about his fermentation?

G.B Burlotto makes wine in Verduno, his best wine comes from the single vineyard Monvigliero. He plays a lot with whole cluster fermentation and has incredibly long maceration up to 60 days. He also produces Cannubi, Acclivi (a blend of their crus) and a regular Barolo.


What grape is Pecchenino best known for, grown where? What is the name of their top single vineyard bottling?

Pecchenino is known for Dolcetto from Dogliani. Their top wine is called Bricco Botti.


What is the grape of Angelo Gaja's Darmagi

Cabernet Sauvignon


Renato Ratti is known for Barolo from Rocche dell'Annunziata, where is this vineyard?

La Morra


What are the grapes of Villa Bucci's red wine?

Montepulciano and Sangiovese


Altesino is a producer from Montosoli. Where is Montosoli?

Northern Brunello di Montalcino.


Where does Canalicchio di Sopra make wine? What is their general style?

Brunello di Montalcino. The estate is relatively north and makes classic style with long aging (3 years) in cask before going into bottle.


Where specifically does La Poderina make wine? What's their style?

La Poderina makes wine in Castelnuovo dell'Abate in southeastern Brunello. Their wines are riper and age in barrique to give a luscious mouth feel.


Who produces Casse Basse? Why is this producer significant? What are other labels they make?

Gianfranco Soldera. This is one of the most Iconic Brunello producers and their wines command some of the highest prices. They also make a wine called Intistieti, and made one barrel of a wine called Pegasos from the 2005 vintage vintage which they thought was maturing quickly. There was a scandal here where many vintages of wine were dumped by vandals, and Ganfranco Soldera is no longer in the Brunello Consorzio and sells his wine as simple Toscana IGT


Where does Biondi Santi produce wine? Why are they important?

Biondi Santi is the Godfather of Brunello. They make wine from their Il Greppo estate in Montalcino and they were the first to identify and varietally bottle the Brunello clone, which is now named after them as BBS11. They only make a regular Brunello and a Riserva, but they have a huge library of old vintages at the estate and if you bring an old bottle, they will top off with the same vintage and recork with a new cork.


Where does Fossacolle make wine?

Tavernelle, in south central Montalcino. The wine does a mix of cask sizes and even includes some cement as an aging vessel.


What is the name of Angelo Gaja's estate in Montalcino?

Pieve di Santa Restituta. They produce Brunello here and the two single vineyard bottlings Sugarille and Renina.


Where does Castello di Cacchiano produce wine?

Chianti Classico


Who produces Rancia and from where?

Felsina makes Rancia in Chianti Classico, specifically in Castelnuovo Beradenga


Who produces Fontalloro and Maestro Raro. What are the grapes of these wines?

Felsina produces both of these wines. Fontalloro is all Sangiovese, Maestro Raro is Cabernet Sauvignon.


What style of wine does Montevertine make? What are some of their labels

Montevertine is a super Tuscan coming from the heart of Chianti. The wine features Sangiovese with a little bit of Colorino and Canaiolo. They make a single vineyard wine called Le Pergola Torte which is all Sangiovese and an entry level wine called Pian dell Ciampolo


Who produces Sammarco? What's their other label? How are the two wines different.

Castello dei Rampolla. Sammarco and Vigna d'Alceo are their two super Tuscan wines. Sammarco is Cab Sauv with Sangiovese and Merlot. Alceo is Cab Sauv with Petit Verdot. These wines are similar to Bordeaux and the estate moved to Biodynamic agriculture in the early 90's.


Who produces Sassicaia. What is the blend? What was the first vintage? What two years was this wine not made? What is the second wine called

Tenuta San Guido produces Sassicaia in Bolgheri. The blend in Cabernet Sauvigon with Cab Franc (85/15) and the first commercial vintage was 1968. Sass was not made in 1969 or 1973. Second wine is Guidalberto


Who produces Cavaliere? What other wine do they make? How are the two different?

Michele Satta produces Cavaliere and Piastraia. Cavaliere is 100% Sangiovese, Piastraia is a blend of Merlot, Syrah, Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauv. Inspired by Northern Rhone, Satta believes Bolgheri has a similar terroir and also makes a varietal Syrah. He is also note worthy because he helped plant vines at Guado al Tasso


Tignanello and Solaia are both made by who? How are they different? What was the first vintage of each?

Antinori. Tignanello is Sangiovese with Cabernet Sauvignon and Franc. Solaia is the opposite with Cabernet dominating. Tig= 1971, Solaia=1978 The winery is within Chianti.


Who produces Guado al Tasso? What other wine do they make?

Antinori. This wine is from Bolgheri DOC and features Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cab Franc and Petite Verdot. They also make a wine called Matarocchio from 100% Merlot


What is Masseto

Masseto is a luxury super Tuscan made at the Tenuta dell'Ornellaia estate, although it's now recognized as its own institute. The wine is 100% Merlot


Where does Le Macchiole produce wine? What are some of their labels?

Macchiole is a super Tuscan producer in Bolgheri.

They make:
Paleo Rosso: Cab Franc
Messorio: Merlot
Scrio: Syrah

Their regular Bolgheri Rosso is a blend of these 3 grapes.


Who produces Flaccianello? What is the grape

Flaccianello is a 100% Sangiovese super Tuscan from Fontodi.


Who produces Cepparello? What is the grape?

Isole e Olena from 100% Sangiovese


Who produces Sagrantino from the Pagliaro vineyard?

Paolo Bea


Emidio Pepe is a famous producer in what region?



Who produces the single vineyard wine Radici? From where?

Mastroberadino in Taurasi.


What is Montevetrano Imparato?

This is a red wine from Campania which is a blend of Cabernet, Aglianico and Merlot


Who produces Serra della Contessa? From where? What is the grape?

Benanti from Mount Etna. Nerello Mascalese


Where does Palari produce wine?

Faro in the southern portion of Sicily


Graci uses a unique method to label his wines. Where do his wines come from and what is the method

Graci's wines come from Mount Etna. He uses the term Quota followed by a number to indicate elevation of vineyard site.


Where does Marco de Bartoli make wine?

Western Sicily. They are best known for Marsala but they also make Zibibo from Pantelleria


What were considered the best vintages of Piedmont in the last 5 years

Bad: 2014 (Hail and rain), 2010 (Cool and wet, lighter than usual)

Good: 2015 (although kind of hot and there was even some emergency irrigation), 2013 (proper long slow growing season), 2011 (Powerful style, needs time)

2012 is a softer style, slightly lower yields but quality is stylistically subjective.

2009: Warm, fast maturing year


What were the two best Piedmont vintages in the first decade of the 2000's. What were the two worst?

Best: 2001 (Ripe, full, generous), 2000 (Well structured, early heatwave finished to cool harvest for great conditions), 2004 (High quality promising vintage)

Worst: 2002 (Hail, rain, terrible yield, cold weather and rot), 2003 (Extreme heat wave, wines are unbalanced)

06 and 08 are both promising, but not considered exceptional.


Discuss the differences in Piedmont vintages between 1996 and 1999

1996 was the best of the bunch, widely regarded as an excellent vintage meant for keeping.

1997 was lauded early, ripe growing season but some low acid may make the long term aging process hard.

1998 returned to a more classic, elegant style.

1999 High quality nebbiolo. Fleshed out style but not as big as 97, still good for somebody who wants textured ripeness.


Describe the vintages in Piedmont from 1990-1995

1990 was an outstanding, benchmark year. Extended bottle age sugested.

1991 was a small, not very good crop

1992 was a large, diluted crop

1993 Grapes struggled to achieve ripeness before late season rains

1994 Decent year, but Tuscany did better

1995 Early hail reduced yields but a sunny fall made for a good final harvest


Compare 1989 and 1988 Barolo

89 was an excellent year, really great healthy crop that made stellar wine.

88 was highly lauded upon release, but the wines are a bit softer and some have struggled to age quite as gracefully.


Name the 2 best vintages in the 70's for Barolo

1978 is an insanely built year, made to last for decades before consumption. The wines for the most part are just now showing, but they are excellent

1971 also stellar, really classic style and beautiful expression of mature wine.

74 is also quite good!


Discuss the last 5 vintages in Tuscany

2015: Hot dry summer gave small bunches of fruit with good concentration

2014: Like much of Europe, rain caused a lot of problems

2013: Slow ripening, should be a ripe, balanced style

2012: Early rains led to decreased yields, and an August heat wave caused some problems, but overall Chianti and Montalcino seem better than Bolgheri/Maremma

2011: Promising high quality

2010: Praised by some critics really aggressively, others are more reserved, but overall high quality vintage. Well balanced.


Discuss the Tuscan vintages from 2006-2009

2006: Excellent year in Montalcino and other regions created promising wine as well

2007: Great year despite an erratic budbreak. Elevated alcohol and acidity make strong wines here.

2008: Some problems with hail and drought (particularly hurt merlot). Softer vintage style for Sangiovese

2009: Great year. Lots of summer heat with cool nights.


Discuss the Tuscan vintages from 2005-2000

2005: Grapes had to be picked early before a long rainy season

2004: Exceptional year in central Italy, compared to France's success in 2005

2003: Unbalanced wine due to heat waves. Some high altitude sites in Chianti/Montalcino did ok but generally wineries suffered.

2002: Bad, rot filled year

2001: Small crop due to spring frost, but good fruit health at time of harvest

2000: Very forward, ripe vintage that is very generous and easy drinking


Discuss the Tuscan vintages from 1999-1996

1999: Great year, similar to 97 but not quite as massive

1998: Hot summer stressed the vines, kind of irregular vintage

1997: Luscious year with ripe, if not sometimes overripe fruit

1996: Relatively early-maturing vintage, relatively soft wines


Discuss the Tuscan vintages from 1995-1990

1995: Late harvest with a warm fall, still has lifted acidity

1994: Cool, dry harvest, great polished classic style

1993: Still suffered from some rain but performed better than Piedmont. Only risk is some picked unripe fruit.

1992: Big crop, light style

1991: Endless rains made a really bad year

1990: Warm year+low yields=Good Brunello