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Flashcards in Eastern Europe Deck (51):
1

At the confluence of what two rivers in Hungary does the commune of Tokaj lie

The Tisza and Bodrog Rivers

2

What does Aszú mean

Aszú used to simply mean dessicated grapes but now means grapes of high sugar levels affected with botrytis cinerea

3

What mountain range shelters Tokaj

Carpathian Mountains

4

Name the two growths of Tokaj designated "Great First Growths" and where are they located

-Szarvas (Tokaj)
-Mézes Mály (Tarcal)

5

What are the authorized varieties of Tokaj

-Furmint
-Hárslevelu
-Kabar
-Koverszolo
-Sargamuskotaly (Muscat Blanc a Petit Grains)
-Zéta (Oremus)

6

What is a puttony

A puttony is a container in which aszú grapes are collected.
This vessel holds 25kg

7

Describe the wine making technique of Tokaji

Aszú grapes are made into a paste and then loaded up into gonci barrels (Plural of Gonc, 136L barrel) which contain normal grape must or base wine from non-aszú grapes

8

What is the capacity of a gonc

136L

9

What are the minimum aging requirements for Tokaji

Aszu wines spend 18 months in barrel with 3 months total aging. Szamorodni, Maslas, and Forditas wines are aged for 2 years with 1 year in barrel

10

Describe the wines of Esszencia/Naturesszencia

When aszú grapes are brought in their puttony, there is a tiny fraction of syrupy free run juice that is vinified separately from the rest of the tokaji. This wine can take up to a decade to ferment to miniscule amounts of alcohol (1.2-8%) The wine has a minimum RS of 450g/L but can even reach upwards of 800g/L

11

What does Szamorodni indicate on a bottle of Tokaji

This translates to "as it comes" and is produced from a mixture of aszú and non aszú grapes.
The wine is often oxidative in style and sometimes is aged under a film of yeast similar to flor

The two styles are édes (sweet) or száras (dry)

12

What does Forditás indicate on a bottle of Tokaji

The wine has been re-fermented with the pressed paste of Tokaji Aszú

They can be édes(sweet) or száras(dry)

13

What does Máslás indicate on a bottle of Tokaji

The wine has been re-fermented with the spent lees of Tokaji Aszú

They can be édes(sweet) or száras(dry)

14

What style of wine is Pezsgo

Sparkling wine from Tokaj in Hungary

15

What are the three main geographical zones of production in Hungary

-North Hungary
-Transdanubia in the West
-Southern Great Plain

16

What is the Hungarian synonym for Blaufrankisch and where do you often see it used

Kéfrankos used in Egri Bikavér in Eger

17

What are the only 2 PDOs in Hungary allowed to use the term Bikavér on their label

-Eger in North Hungary
-Szekszárd in Transdanubia

18

What is Kadarka

A grape that historically dominated the wines of Bikavér but have now taken a back seat to Blaufrankish (Kékfrankos) and other varietals

19

Name the 5 main regions of Bulgarian wine production

-Danubian Plain (North)
-Thracian Lowlands (South)
-Black Sea Region (East)
-Struma River Valley (West)
-Rose Valley (Middle)

20

Out of the 5 main regions in Bulgaria, which are the only two recognized by the EU as geographical designations

-Danubian Plain
-Thracian Lowland

21

What does the term Barik indicate on a bottle of Bulgarian wine

The wine has been fermented in an oak cask of 500L or less in volume

22

What is the parentage of the Rubin grape

Nebbiolo X Syrah

23

Name the two most important Controliran appellations in Bulgaria's Danubian Plain

-Suhindol
-Svichtov

24

Name the most important Controliran appellation in the Bulgaria's Rose Valley

Sungurlare

25

Name the most important Controliran appellation in the Bulgaria's Struma River Valley

Harsovo

26

Name the most important Controliran appellation in the Bulgaria's Black Sea Region

Khan Krum

27

What is the largest Lake of Europe and where is it found

Lake Balaton in Hungary specifically within Transdanubia

28

In what major Geographical zone in Hungary would you find Tokaj and Eger

Northern Hungary

29

What is the largest region of Hungary and where is it located

Kunság located in the Southern Great Plain

30

What is Gamza

Bulgarian synonym for Kadarka

31

What river marks the southern border between Romania and Serbia

The Danube (Dunarea)

32

What mountains lie right in the middle of Romania

The Carpathian Mountains

33

What Hungarian region is contiguous with Austria's Burgenland

Sopron

34

What are the two most cultivated grapes of Romania

The indigenous white grapes of Feteasca Alba and Feteasca Regala

35

Regions of Romania

-Banat
-Hills of Dobrogea
-Crisana and Maramures
-Hills of Moldova
-Hills of Mutenia and Oltenia
-Transylvania Plateau
-Danube Terraces

36

Where do you find the highest vineyard sites of Romania

the Danube Terraces

37

Name the most important DOC of Transylvania

Tarnave

(Romania)

38

Name the most important DOC of Moldova

Cotnari, known for sweet wines based on the grape Grasa di Cotnari

(Romania)

39

Name the most important DOC of Muntenia-Oltenia

Dealu Mare

(Romania)

40

Name the most important DOC of Dobrogea

Murfatlar

(Romania)

41

Name the PGI regions of Slovenia

-Primorska (border of Friuli)
-Podravje (Northeast)
-Posavje (Eastern Croatian Border)

42

Name the subregions of Primorska

-Goriska Brda (Becomming Collio Goriziano in Friuli)
-Kras (Becomes Carso in Friuli)
-Koper
-Vipava

43

Whats the Croatian synonym for Zinfandel

Crljenak Kastelanski

44

Name the two non-contiguous zones of Croatia

-Istria
-Dalmatia

45

Name the two regions of the Czech Republic

-Moravia (South)
-Bohemia (North)

46

What is VOC Znojmo

A voluntary classification of VOC, mirrored after the AOC and DAC systems, in the Moravian subregion Znojmo

They have strict criteria such as hand harvesting, cork closure, minimum must weights and alcohol and no oak tones.

Only Gruner Veltliner, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling apply

(Czech Republic)

47

What is Russia's most cultivated variety

Rkatsiteli

48

What is the largest single cellar complex in the world

The Milestii Mici "Golden Collection" housing 2 million botles in Moldova's Cricova District

49

Name the main subregion of Dalmatia on the Croatian coast

Dingac

50

What is Rebula

Synonym in Slovenia for Ribolla Gialla

51

Where does the designation VOC Modré Hory exist

Moravia in the Czech Republic

Red and rosé wines from Lemberger, Blauer Portugieser and St. Laurent.

Stipulations include hand harvesting, no barrique, no long term lees aging, and bottles must be sealed with cork