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Flashcards in Fortified Wine Deck (57):
1

What is Ratafia

Mistelle from Champagne

2

Name the single quinta port from Calem

-Quinta da Foz
-Qunta do Sagrado

3

Name the single quinta port from Champalimaud

Quinta do Cotto

4

Name the single quinta port from Churchill

-Quinta do Agua Alta
-Quinta do Gricha

5

Name the single quinta port from Cockburn

-Quinta dos Canais
-Quinta do Tua

6

Name the single quinta port from Dow

-Quinta do Bomfim
-Quinta Senhora de Ribeira

7

Name the single quinta port from Ferreira

-Quinta do Porto
-Quinta do Seixo

8

Name the single quinta port from Fonseca

Quinta do Panascal

9

Name the single quinta port from Graham

Quinta dos Malvedos

10

Name the single quinta port from Niepoort

Quinta do Passaduoro

11

Name the single quinta port from Quinta do Noval

-Quinta do Sival
-Quinta do Noval
-Quinta do Noval Nacional

12

Name the single quinta port from Ramos Pinto

-Quinta do Bom Retiro
-Quinta do Ervamoira

13

Name the single quinta port from Sandeman

Quinta do Vau

14

Name the single quinta port from Smith Woodhouse

Quinta da Madalena

15

Name the single quinta port from Taylor-Fladgate

-Quinta de Vargellas
-Quinta de Terra Feita
-Quinta do Junco

16

Name the single quinta port from Warre

Quinta da Cavadinha

17

Classified Port vintages of the 50's

-50
-55
-58

18

Classified Port vintages of the 60's

-60
-63
-66
-67

19

Classified Port vintages of the 70's

-70
-75
-77
-78

20

Classified Port vintages of the 80's

-80
-82
-83
-85
-87
-89

21

Classified Port vintages of the 90's

-91
-92
-94
-97

22

Classified Port vintages of the 2000's

-2000
-03
-07

23

What is a Patamares

Wide terraces in Porto that can be navigated with tractors

24

What is Vinhos ao Alta

Vine planting system in Porto in which vines are planted in vertical rows leading directly up the slopes

25

What is Mutage known as in Portugal

Beneficio

26

What is the set size of a Pipe for shipping Port

534.24 L

27

How long must Colheita Tawny Port remain in cask before bottling

7 years

28

What are Poios

Stone terraces on the island of Madeira

29

What are Latadas

Low trellises in a pergola-style training used in Madeira

30

What are Lavadas

Canal systems in Madeira channeling water from higher altitudes on the mountain down into the vineyards

31

What is the largest production company of Madeira

Vinhos Justino Henriques
(Henriques & Henriques is the largest independent producer)

32

What is a Partidista

Purchaser of Madeira who stores wine and sells it at maturity for a profit. Similar to the Almacenistas of Sherry

33

What grape is Gouveio a synonym for

Verdelho

34

What is the grape of Boal

Malvasia Fina, AKA Bual

35

What is the grape of Malmsey

Originally, Malvasia Fina but now more commonly Malvasia Branca de Sao Jorge

36

Name 2 grapes that cannot be varietally bottled as Madeira

Bastardo and Tinta Negra

37

What are the % requirements for varietally bottled Madeira

85% if non vintage
100% if vintage dated

38

How long must madeira remain in Canteiro before bottling

2 years in wood, but it may not be bottled until 36 months after final fortification

39

Minimum age for Madeira Estufagem

May not be released before 2 years after the harvest. The wines must spend at least 3 months in the estufa, then rest for a minimum 90 days before being transferred to cask for aging.

40

Minimum age for Madeira Colheita

5 years

41

Minimum age for Frasqueira Madeira

20 years

42

Minimum age for Solera Madeira

5 years and only 10% may be drawn off each year.

43

Describe Rainwater Madeira

Usually 100% Tinta Negra, youngest wine is a minimum 3 years old and the wine is medium dry and light in style

44

Why is Palomino Fino the desired grape for Sherry production

Higher yields and better disease resistance

45

What is Sifone

Mistelle produces on Sicily used to adjust color and sweetness

46

What is Concia

Addition of Mosto Cotto to Marsala. This is a lower quality method of production and is only allowed for Ambra style of Marsala

47

What are the sweetness ranges for Marsala

Secco: Max 40 g/L
Semisecco: 40-100 g/L
Dolce: Min. 100 g/L

48

Name the white and red grapes of Marsala

White: Grillo, Ansonica (Inzolia), Cataratto, Damachino

Red: Perricone, Calabrese (Nero d'Avola), Nerello Mascalese (Plus Max 30% white grapes)

49

What is the term for Marsala that has spent a minimum 5 years in cask... 10 Years?

5 years: Vergine
10 years: Vergine Stravecchio

Both of these styles are fortified after fermentation, are secco in style and do not allow Mosto Cotto or Sifone to be added

50

On vintage Marsala, what does the vintage refer to

The year of Fortification

51

What is the term for syrup used to sweeten sherry that has been reduced down to 1/3 of its volume

Sancocho

52

What is the term for syrup used to sweeten sherry that has been reduced down to 1/5 of its volume

Arrope

53

What is Cabeceo

Sweetening process of sherry

54

What sweetening agents are permissible for sweetening sherry

-Dulce Pasa: A mistela produced from sunned palomino

-Dulce de Almibar: A blend of invert sugar and fino

-Mistela: Produced from the must of sunned moscatel or PX

-Vino de Color: Boiled reduced syrup blended with fresh must coming in the forms of Sancohco (1/3 reduction) and Arrope (1/5 reduction)

55

What is the RS of Vino Dulce Natural Sherry

180-500 g/L

56

What is the minimum age of Solera Marsala

5 years

57

What is Desfangado

Spanish term for racking, particularly used in Sherry production