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Anatomy And Physiology > Altered mobility > Flashcards

Flashcards in Altered mobility Deck (39):
1

inner ear disease

distention of cochlear duct by excess fluid

sx- unilateral or bilateral, tinnitus, vertigo

Meniere's Disease

2

forefoot adducted and supinated

males>females 2:1

Congenital- Clubfoot

3

brittle bone disease

inherited disorder connective tissue bone

collagen synthesis impaired

increase-sweat, heat intolerance, body temp, tachy

congenital- osteogenesis imperfecta

4

ischemic insult to brain, disorder of muscle tone and balance

diagnosis: milestone not met

impairment: seizure, bladder, respiratory

cerebral palsy

5

sac cyst filled with spinal fluid

protect from trauma or infection

myelomeningocele

6

spine defect that allows protrusion

sign: hair growth along spine, or subQ mass

change in bladder prevents folic acid administration during birth

Spina Bifida

7

metabolic disease, inadequate osteoid and calcification, Vit D deficit

seen in: elder, children (rickets), LBW, vegetarian, asian

Osteomalacia

8

Group of genetic transmitted disease

atrophy of symmetrical muscle, loss strength, and disability

muscular dystrophy

9

inflammation of connective tissue, breakdown of joints

Detect: ANA positive serology

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

10

Concave spine in adolescence

risk: obesity and dwarfs

Lordosis

11

hunchback in adolescence, can decrease pulmonary function

risk in osteoporosis and spine disease

kyphosis

12

scarring and loss of function in major internal organ

skin thick, deposit quantity of connective tissue, severe fibrosis

scleroderma

13

autoimmune susceptible gene exposed to viral event

demyelination plaque form causing glial scarring w/ degenerative axon

Type:
remitting: relapse
primary progressive
secondary progressive

symp: paresthesia, dysarthria, dystaxia

attacks stimulated by: sensation, temperature change, stress, movement, hypercalcemia,


multiple sclerosis

14

chronic autoimmune affect neuromuscular function of voluntary muscle, weak muscle

female 20-30, males >40

begin with ocular, cranial then limbs

cause: antibody block acetylcholine

multiple forms

Myasthenia Gravis

15

myasthenia crisis

cholinergic crisis

cause quadreplegia

excess acetylcholine and parasympathetic stimulation, bradycardia, sweat, diarrhea

16

source of infection

endo and exogenous, open skin decrease immune response

septic joint

17

life threatening muscle trauma

muscle protein in urine leads to renal failure

myoglobinuria rhabdomyolysis

18

men 30's crash

injuries of fall in elderly

spinal cord trauma

19

hyperextention injury to spine

axial compression

flexion- rotation injury of spine

causes spinal injury

20

herniated disk pinch nerves causing strain on spine

Degenerative disk disease

21

dev or trauma defect of spine involve lamina or arch of vertebrae

spondylolysis

22

vertebrae slide forward may include fracture common L5-S1

spondylolisthesis

23

narrow spinal canal, cause pressure on spinal nerve

cause: congenital trauma or arthritis

spinal stenosis

24

pain from ribcage to thighs

sciatica- pain,numbess, weakness

occupation risk or lifting

lower back pain

25

tear in disk that allows nucleus propus to compress nerve

L5-S1, L4-L5

herniated disk

26

break in continuity of bone

complete- broken through
incomplete- bone damage but fragment partially joined

skin broken- complete
not broken-incomplete

comminuted- break into 2 or more fragment

fracture

27

pain, impaired function, swelling, tenderness, spasm,

bone tissue will form new bone when healed after fracture

manifestation of broken bone

28

occur in flexible bone of children

greenstick- perforates cortex and splinter spongy bone

torus- cortex buckle but doesnt break

bowing- longitudinal force applied to bone
paired- radial ulna or tibial, fibula

incomplete fracture

29

preexisting abnormality diseas weakens bone

repeated stress on bone
-fatigue; dancer jogger
- insufficiency; activity

pathological

stress

30

tendon torn off attachment and takes bone fragment along

avulsion

31

cause of trauma,

dislocation

subluxation

32

tear in tendon- hand feet knee

ligament tear- wrist ankle elbow

strain

sprain

33

local muscle damage, muscle stretched beyond normal capacity

cause: trauma or sport injury

muscle strain

34

bone cells reabsorbed more than deposit , thinning of bones

peak mass: 30
women after menopause

severe in spine, wrist, hip

diagnose: T-score

osteoporosis

35

estrogen deficit, hyperthyroidism, decrease mechanical stimulation

menopause osteoporosis

36

infectious bone disease, hard to treat,

cause: bacteria, exo and endogenous

osteomyelitis

37

chronic disease or joint and bone, loss of elasticity, cartilage break and float in synovial fluid,

cause; congenital, trauma, metabolic

appears: large stiff and pain

lose of shape and thicken rims called osteophytes

Women>men, age, ,use, genetics, weight

sx: pain, redness, stiffness after inactivity, weakness of muscle, reduce mobility

osteoarthritis

38

swelling and pain in multiple joint can affect organs ie heart lungs

systemic autoimmune inflammatory disease

affect; finger, feet, wrist, elbow, ankle, knee

women>men 3;1

rheumatoid arthritis

39

inflammation and pain in joint

excess or under secretion of uric acid in kidney

increase uric acid crystalize forming insoluble deposit in connective tissue

diet: beer, organ meet, dried beans


gout-uric acid metabolism