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Flashcards in America and WWII Deck (139)
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1

Once France surrendered in June 1940, Congress would approve the ______ ______ __ _______ ___. This act would serve as the first ________ ____ in American history.

Selective Training and Service Act, peacetime draft

2

In 1940, the Department of Agriculture transferred over _________ acres to the War Department deemed for the construction of _______ ______.

350,000, military bases

3

New recruits were given physical examinations and injections against ______ and ______.

Smallpox, typhoid

4

At the start of the war, the US military was ________

Segregated

5

______ ______ were organized into their own units, but white officers generally commanded them.

African Americans

6

The _______ ______ launched the “_____ __” campaign to stop the racism at home and Hitler’s racism abroad.

Pittsburgh Courier, Double V

7

FDR promoted Colonel _______ __ _____ __, the highest-ranking African Americans officer to the rank of _________ _______.

Benjamin O. Davis Sr., brigadier general

8

In early 1941, the Air Force created its first African American Unit, the ____ ________ ______, the pilots would be known as the ______ ______.

99th pursuit squadron, Tuskegee Airmen

9

The airmen helped win the _____ __ ____ in Italy.

Battle of Anzio

10

Three other Tuskegee squadrons known as the _____ ______ _____ would protect American bombers.

332nd Fighter Group

11

Also, there were the African American ____ ___ ______ which was used in the Battle of ___ ____.

761st Tank Battalion, the Bulge

12

As the war raged, second-generation Japanese Americans served in the ____ _____ ______and the ____ _____ _____ ____.

100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team.

13

At the end of the war __ Hispanic Americans had received the ______ ___ ___ _____.

17, Congressional Medal of Honor

14

More than ____ Navajo marines served as “___ _____” relaying critical information and orders over field radios in their native language.

400, code talkers

15

Congress first allowed women in the military May 1942 by creating the _______ _____ ______ _____ ( ? )

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, WAAC

16

About a year later, the army replaced the WAAC with the _____ ____ ____( ? )

Women's Army Corps, WAC

17

About 300 women serving as ____ ___ _____ _____ _____ ( ? ) made more than 12,000 flights to deliver planes to the war effort.

Women Air force Service Pilots ( WASPs )

18

FDR would create the ______ ______ ______ _____ that business leaders would serve on.

National Defense Advisory Committee

19

The government would sign _____-___ ______, agreeing to pay a company the cost to make a product plus a guaranteed percentage as profit.

Cost-plus contracts

20

____-_____ is a government contract to pay a manufacturer the cost to produce an item plus a guaranteed percentage.

Cost-plus

21

Congress would authorize the _________ _____ ________ ( ? ) to make loans to companies wanting to convert to war production.

Reconstruction Finance Corporation ( RFC )

22

The _______ industry was uniquely suited to mass-producing military goods.

Automobile

23

Automobile factories produced r____, h______, a_____, t____, j____, t____ and other military equipment.

rifles, helmets, artillery, trucks, jeeps, tanks

24

Henry ____ created an assembly line near _____ for the _-__ “_______” _____.

Ford, Detroit, B-24 Liberator bomber

25

Ford’s remarkable achievement in aircraft production was more than matched by Henry ______’s _______.

Kaiser, shipyards

26

Kaiser’s shipyards built many kinds of ships, but they were best known for basic cargo ships called _____ _____.

Liberty Ships

27

FDR created the ___ ________ _____to direct priorities and production goals for military factories.

War Production Board

28

Mobilizing the economy finally ended the Great Depression, creating __ _____ new jobs and _______the average family’s income.

19 million, doubling

29

Under pressure to produce, employers began to recruit _____ and _______.

Women, minorities

30

The great symbol of the campaign to hire women was “_____ ___ ______”, a character from a popular song by the ___ _______.

Rosie the Riveter, Four Vagabonds