Flashcards in World War I and Its Aftermath : 11/3/14 Deck (115)
To protect itself, ________ signed alliances with _____ and with ______-______, who controlled southeastern Europe. This became known as the _____ _____.
Germany, Italy, Austria- Hungary, Triple Alliance
A common interest in opposing Germany and Austria- Hungary led _____ and ______ to sign the ______-______ ______ in 1894.
Russia, France, Franco- Russian Alliance
The Franco- Russian Alliance fostered _______, which is a policy of aggressive military preparedness.
The ______ would refuse to sign a formal alliance, so the relationship became known as an _____ _____, or _____ _______.
British, entente cordiale, friendly understanding
What three countries made up the Triple Entente?
Britain, France, and Russia
By the late 1800s, _______, or a feeling of intense pride in one's homeland, had become a powerful idea in Europe.
Nationalists believe in the right of _____-_________, the idea that those who share a national identity should have their own country and government. This led to the _____ _____ in southeastern Europe.
Self- determination, Balkan Crisis
National groups such as the _____ ____ began to press for independence.
The South Slavs included what 4 races?
Serbs, Bosnians, Croats, and Slovenes
The ____, who were the first to gain independence, formed a nation called _____ between the two empires.
In June 1914 ______ ____ ______, heir to the _____ - ______ throne, visited the Bosnian capital of _______.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Austria- Hungarian, Sarajevo
Bosnian revolutionary, _______ ______, rushed their car and shot each of them once.
The assassination occurred with the knowledge of ______ officials who hoped to start a war that would damage ______- _______.
Serbian, Austria- Hungary
______ belonged to the ____ _____, which was a secret society devoted to Serbian unification.
Princip, Black Hand
On July 28, _____-_____ declared war on _____.
Austria- Hungary, Serbia
______ declared war on _____ and ______.
Germany, Russia, France
To attack France, Germany would have to advance through neutral ______, which the British government promised they would protect.
Those fighting for the Triple Entente were called the ______.
In 1915, ____ joined the Triple Entente after being promised control of Austro- Hungarian territory after the war.
What remained of the Triple Alliance, Germany and Austria- Hungary, joined with the _____ _____ and _____ to form the _____ _____.
Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, Central Powers
When the war began, President _____ immediately declared the US to be neutral.
Secretary of State, ______ _______ _____, favored neutrality.
William Jennings Bryan
________ officials worked diligently to win American support.
What is the information designed to influence opinion?
The ______ would also cut the _______ ______ _____ from Europe to the US so most war news would be based on _____ reports.
British, transatlantic telegraph cable, British
The British forced _______ merchant ships sailing to _______ to land at British ports to be inspected for _______.
Neutral, Europe, contraband
What are goods whose importation, exportation, or possession is illegal?
In Feb 1915, _______ announced that they would use __-_____ to sink without warning, any ship found in the waters around Britain.
Germany, U- boats
On May 7, 1915, a _-_____ sank the British passenger ship _______, killing over ____ people and ___ Americans.
U- Boat, Lusitania, 1000, 128