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US History II : Student Notes > The World in WWII > Flashcards

Flashcards in The World in WWII Deck (75)
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1

One of Europe's first ____ arose in _____.

Dictators, Italy

2

In 1919 ____ _______ founded Italy's _____ _________.

Benito Mussolini, Fascist Movement

3

_____ was an aggressive nationalistic movement that considered the nation more important than the individual.

Fascism

4

_______ believed that order in society and national greatness came through a dictator who led a strong ________ and built an ______.

Fascists, government, empire

5

Fascism was also strongly ___-______.

Anti-communist

6

He was backed by the ______, a Fascist militia.

Blackshirts

7

Mussolini took the title of __ ____.

Il Duce

8

After the Russian Revolution, the Communist Party, led by _______ _____, created the ____ __ ____ ______ _____ ( ? ) in 1922.

Vladimir Lenin, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ( USSR )

9

After Lenin died in 1924, ______ ____ came to power.

Joseph Stalin

10

Family farms were combined and turned into ________ - were government owned farms.

Collective

11

_____ _____ was a fervant nationalistic who hated the Allies and the German government that has accepted their peace terms ending WWI.

Adolf Hitler

12

Hitler became the leader of the ______ _____ _____ _____ _____ or ____ _____. They were also ____-_____.

National Socialist German Workers Party, Nazi , anti-semitic

13

While Hitler was in prison, he wrote ___ _____, in which he claimed that Germans, particularly blond, blue-eyed Germans, belonged to a "master race" called ______.

Mein Kampf, Aryans

14

Hitler blamed the ____ for many of the world’s problems, especially for Germany’s defeat in WWI.

Jews

15

Hitler focused on getting Nazis elected to the ________, the lower house of the German parliament.

Reichstag

16

After taking office, Hitler called for new elections and had _____ _______, the Nazi parliamentary units, to intimidate voters.

Storm Troopers

17

Hitler then gave himself the new title of ___ _____, or “___ ______”.

Der Fuhrer, The Leader

18

Like Germany, difficult economic times helped to undermine the _______ government.

Japanese

19

Many Japanese military officers blamed the country’s problems on corrupt _______.

Politicians

20

They believed that Japan was destined to dominate ____ ____ and that straying from _______ _____ corrupted the country.

East Asia, traditional beliefs

21

In 1931, Japan invaded the resource-rich region of northern China known as ________.

Manchuria

22

Emperor Hirohiot’s prime minister asked Minister of War ______ _____to withdraw some troops from _____.

Hideki Tojo, China

23

The Japanese army swept through ____, in 1937 invaded _______, destroying the city and killing _____of its residents.

China, Nanking, 300k

24

The invasion of Nanking became known as the “___ __ ______”.

Rape of Nanking

25

Rather than enforce the treaty by going to war, European leaders tried to negotiate with Hitler. : They wanted to avoid a repeat of ___. ; Some thought most of Hitler’s demands were reasonable, including his demand that ______- speaking regions be ______. ; Many people assumed that the _____ would want peace once they gained more territory.

WWI, German, united, Nazis

26

In late 1937, Hitler called for the unification of all German- speaking people, including those in ______ and __________ - spell this right for a bonus on test.

Austria, Czechoslovakia

27

Fearing the outcome, Hitler sent troops into Austria and announced the _______, or ________, of Austria and Germany.

Anschluss, unification

28

At the ______ ________, on September 29, 1938, Britain and France agreed to Hitler’s demands, a policy that became known as __________.

Munich Conference, appeasement

29

__________ is giving in to unjust demands in order to avoid all-out conflict and it failed to preserve peace.

Appeasement

30

In 1939, Germany invaded _________ and divided the country.

Czechoslovakia