Flashcards in The World in WWII Deck (75)
One of Europe's first ____ arose in _____.
In 1919 ____ _______ founded Italy's _____ _________.
Benito Mussolini, Fascist Movement
_____ was an aggressive nationalistic movement that considered the nation more important than the individual.
_______ believed that order in society and national greatness came through a dictator who led a strong ________ and built an ______.
Fascists, government, empire
Fascism was also strongly ___-______.
He was backed by the ______, a Fascist militia.
Mussolini took the title of __ ____.
After the Russian Revolution, the Communist Party, led by _______ _____, created the ____ __ ____ ______ _____ ( ? ) in 1922.
Vladimir Lenin, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ( USSR )
After Lenin died in 1924, ______ ____ came to power.
Family farms were combined and turned into ________ - were government owned farms.
_____ _____ was a fervant nationalistic who hated the Allies and the German government that has accepted their peace terms ending WWI.
Hitler became the leader of the ______ _____ _____ _____ _____ or ____ _____. They were also ____-_____.
National Socialist German Workers Party, Nazi , anti-semitic
While Hitler was in prison, he wrote ___ _____, in which he claimed that Germans, particularly blond, blue-eyed Germans, belonged to a "master race" called ______.
Mein Kampf, Aryans
Hitler blamed the ____ for many of the world’s problems, especially for Germany’s defeat in WWI.
Hitler focused on getting Nazis elected to the ________, the lower house of the German parliament.
After taking office, Hitler called for new elections and had _____ _______, the Nazi parliamentary units, to intimidate voters.
Hitler then gave himself the new title of ___ _____, or “___ ______”.
Der Fuhrer, The Leader
Like Germany, difficult economic times helped to undermine the _______ government.
Many Japanese military officers blamed the country’s problems on corrupt _______.
They believed that Japan was destined to dominate ____ ____ and that straying from _______ _____ corrupted the country.
East Asia, traditional beliefs
In 1931, Japan invaded the resource-rich region of northern China known as ________.
Emperor Hirohiot’s prime minister asked Minister of War ______ _____to withdraw some troops from _____.
Hideki Tojo, China
The Japanese army swept through ____, in 1937 invaded _______, destroying the city and killing _____of its residents.
China, Nanking, 300k
The invasion of Nanking became known as the “___ __ ______”.
Rape of Nanking
Rather than enforce the treaty by going to war, European leaders tried to negotiate with Hitler. : They wanted to avoid a repeat of ___. ; Some thought most of Hitler’s demands were reasonable, including his demand that ______- speaking regions be ______. ; Many people assumed that the _____ would want peace once they gained more territory.
WWI, German, united, Nazis
In late 1937, Hitler called for the unification of all German- speaking people, including those in ______ and __________ - spell this right for a bonus on test.
Fearing the outcome, Hitler sent troops into Austria and announced the _______, or ________, of Austria and Germany.
At the ______ ________, on September 29, 1938, Britain and France agreed to Hitler’s demands, a policy that became known as __________.
Munich Conference, appeasement
__________ is giving in to unjust demands in order to avoid all-out conflict and it failed to preserve peace.