The New Frontier and the Great Society : 4/24/15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The New Frontier and the Great Society : 4/24/15 Deck (73)
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1

_________ __, 1960, __ ______ Americans watched the first televised _________ _____.

September 26, 75 million, presidential debate

2

The debate between ____ __ ______ and _______ ______ ushered in a new era of television politics.

John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon

3

______ __ ________, a __________ senator from ___ ____, was a ________.

John F. Kennedy, Democratic, New York, Catholic

4

_______ ______, was the current vice president, and a _____ from the state of ________.

Richard Nixon, Quaker, California

5

Both promised to boost the economy, and portrayed themselves as “____ ________,” determined to stop the forces of Communism.

Cold Warriors

6

_______ expressed concerns about a suspected “______ ___,” claiming the US lagged behind the Soviets in weaponry.

Kennedy, missile gap

7

The series of __ televised debates influenced the election’s close outcome.

4

8

___ set out to implement a legislative agenda that became known as the ____ _______.

JFK, New Frontier

9

To increase economic growth and create jobs, Kennedy advocated ______ _______ and investing more funds in ________ and _____ _______.

Deficit spending, defense, space exploration

10

JFK would respond by threatening to have the ________ of _____ buy cheaper foreign _____.

Department of Defense, steel

11

He asked the _______ ________ to investigate whether the _____ industry was fixing prices.

Justice Department, steel

12

The president also pushed for ___ ____, which Congress refused because it would cause _______.

Tax cuts, inflation

13

In 1961 JFK created the _________ _______ on the ______ of _____ -- called for the federal action against gender discrimination and affirmed the right of women to equally paid employment. The commission proposed the ____ ___ ___ in 1963.


Presidential Commission on the Status of Women, Equal Pay Act

14

In 1961 JFK convened the _______'s _____ on ____ _______--The panel’s first report called for funding of research into developmental disabilities and educational and vocational programs for people with developmental disabilities.

President's Panel on Mental Retardation

15

Congress enacted the ______ ________ _____ and _________ ______ ______ ______ _________ of 1963-- The legislation provided grants to build research centers and grants to states to construct mental health centers. It also provided funds to train educational personnel to work with people with developmental disabilities.


Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act

16

In 1962 _______ ______ ______, began a camp at her home for children with developmental disabilities.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

17

_____ ______, offered people with disabilities a chance to be physically competitive.

Camp Shriver

18

That effort later grew into the ______ _______ program.

Special Olympics

19

The first _______ _______ _____ were held in ______ in 1968.

Special Olympics Games, Chicago

20

In 1952, ____ _____, governor of _______, became the _____ _______ of the US.

Earl Warren, California, chief justice

21

Some of the Court’s more notable decisions concerned ______________-- the method states use to draw up political districts based on changes in population.

Reapportionment

22

In _______ __ ____ (1964) the Court ruled that states must reapportion electoral districts along the principle of “one person, one vote,” so that all citizen’s votes would have equal weight.

Reynolds v. Sims

23

___ _______ is a judicial requirement that laws may not treat individuals unfairly, arbitrarily, or unreasonably, and that courts must follow proper procedures and rules when trying cases.

Due process

24

In ______ __ ______ (1963) the Court ruled that a defendant in a state court had the right to a lawyer regardless of his or her ability to pay.

Gideon v. Wainwright

25

In _______ __ _______ (1968) would require authorities to inform suspects of their right to remain silent.

Miranda v. Arizona

26

______ __ _____ (1962) ruled that states could not compose official prayers and require those prayers to be recited in public schools.

Engel v. Vitale

27

In _______ _____ ____ __ _______ (1963) ruled against state-mandated Bible readings in public schools.

Abington School District v. Schempp

28

To allow for a “_______ ________” to resist Communist movements, the president pushed for a buildup of troops and conventional weapons.

Flexible response

29

A program aimed at helping developing nations fight poverty was the _____ _____. This program sent Americans to provide humanitarian services in developing nations.

Peace Corps

30

In 1961 ____ _______, a Soviet astronaut, became the first person to orbit Earth.

Yury Gagarin