The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Progressive Movement: All Notes From 10/20/14 Deck (104)
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1

________ was partly a reaction against Laissez- Faire economics and its emphasis on an unregulated market.

Progressivism

2

Who believed that industrialization and urbanization had created many social problems?

Progressives

3

Most progressives were ______, _____, _____-_____, Americans. (Journalists, social workers, educators, politicians, and members of the clergy.)

Urban, educated, middle-class

4

What was one reason Progressives thought that they could improve society?

Their strong faith in science and technology.

5

Theodore Roosevelt nicknamed crusading journalists what?

Muckrakers

6

Who were journalists that uncovered abuses and corruption in a society?

Muckrakers

7

__ _____ and _____ ______ _____ concentrated on exposing the unfair practices of large corporations. ( 2 people )

Ida Tarbell and Charles Edward Russell

8

Who reported on vote stealing and other corrupt political practices of political machines?

Lincoln Steffens

9

Who published photographs and descriptions of the poverty, disease, and crime that afflicted many immigrant neighborhoods in NYC? In what book?

Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives

10

Who attacked the way political parties ran their conventions?

Robert M. La Follette

11

La Follette pressured the state legislature of Wisconsin to pass a law requiring parties to hold a _______ ______.

Direct primary

12

A vote held by all members of a political party to decide their candidate for public office is called a what?

Direct primary

13

The ______ is the right of citizens to place a measure or issue before the voters or the legislature for approval.

Initiative

14

The __________ is the practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature.

Referendum

15

The _____ is the right that enables voters to remove unsatisfactory elected officials from office.

Recall

16

In 1913, the ___ Amendment was ratified and added to the constitution.

17th

17

The 17th Amendment allows for the ______ ______ of senators.

Direct election

18

Who convinced the delegates at Seneca Falls that winning suffrage for women should be a priority?

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

19

Who were threatened and called unfeminine and immoral? ( Many of the movement's supporters were abolitionists as well. )

Suffragists

20

The ___ Amendment granted citizenship to African Americans.

14th

21

The ___ Amendment granted voting rights to African American men.

15th

22

The debate over the 14th and 15th Amendments would split the Women's Suffrage Movement into what 2 separate groups?

National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)

23

The _____ wanted to focus on passing a constitutional amendment for women's suffrage.

NWSA

24

The _____ believed that the best strategy was convincing state governments to grant women the right to vote first.

AWSA

25

In 1890 the 2 groups NWSA and AWSA united to form the what?

National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)

26

Many states began passing ________ _________ laws requiring young children to be in school instead of work.

Compulsory education

27

What set minimum standards for light, air, room size, and sanitation and required buildings to have fire escapes?

Building codes

28

What required restaurants and other facilities to maintain clean environments for their patrons?

Health codes

29

Many Progressives blamed _________ for many of society's problems.

Alcohol

30

Who knew that wages were often spent on alcohol and that drunkenness often led to physical abuse and illness?

Settlement- house workers