Roosevelt and the New Deal : 1/20/15 Flashcards Preview

US History II : Student Notes > Roosevelt and the New Deal : 1/20/15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Roosevelt and the New Deal : 1/20/15 Deck (94)
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1

A distant cousin of _______ ______, _______ _____ ______ grew up in _____ ____, __.

Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Hyde Park, NY

2

Roosevelt was educated at _______ and then at _______ ___ _____.

Harvard, Columbia Law School

3

While at Harvard, he became friends with Theodore's niece, ______, whom he later married.

Eleanor

4

Roosevelt began his political career in ____ and he was elected to the ___ ____ ____ _____.

1910, New York State Senate

5

Roosevelt later became ______ ______ of the ____ in the ______ ________.

Assistant secretary of the navy, Wilson Administration

6

In 1921, ____ caught the paralyzing disease _____.

FDR, polio

7

By the mid 1920s, ___ was again active in politics becoming _____ of ___ ___ in 1928.

FDR, governor, New York

8

From that point forward, Roosevelt's policies for ending the _____ ______ became known as the ___ ____.

Great Depression, New Deal

9

People feared that Roosevelt would abandon the ___ ______ and reduce the value of the _____ to fight the _________.

Gold standard, dollar, Depression

10

Under the ____ _______, one ounce of gold equaled a set number of dollars.

Gold standard

11

In ___ states, governors declared ___ _____ - the act of closing the remaining banks before bank runs could run them out of business.

38, bank holidays

12

Between _____ __ and ____ __ _____, which came to be called the _______-___, Congress passed __ major acts to resolve the economic crisis. These programs made up what would be called the ____ ___ ____.

March 9, June 6, 1933, Hundred-Days, 15, First New Deal

13

The _____ group was inspired by Teddy Roosevelt's " ____ _________."

First, New Nationalism

14

One group supported the belief that if government agencies worked with ________ to regulate _____, ______, and ________, they could lift the economy out of the Depression.

Businesses, wages, prices, production

15

The _______ group distrusted big business and felt business caused the Depression and wanted government planners to run key parts of the economy.

Second

16

A _____ group supported Wilson's "____ ______" philosophy. They wanted ________ to break up big ________ and allow ________ to set _____, _______, and ________ levels.

Third, New Freedom, Roosevelt, companies, competition, wages, prices, production

17

Within a week of his taking office, the ______ _____ _____ ___ was passed. The new law required federal examiners to survey the nation's _____ and issue ________ ________ ______ to those that were financially sound.

Emergency Banking Relief Act, Banks, Treasure Department licenses

18

On March 12, Roosevelt addressed the nation by radio known as " ______ ____."

Fireside chats

19

FDR supported the _______ ____ ___ _____ and the _____- _____ _______ ___.

Securities Act of 1933, Glass- Steagall Banking Act

20

The ________ ___ required companies that sold stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful information to investors.

Securities Act

21

The ________ ___ _____ _______ ( ? ) was created to regulate the stock market and stop fraud.

Securities and Exchange Commission ( SEC )

22

The _____- ______ ___ separated ______ banking from ________ banking.

Glass- Steagall Act, commercial, investment

23

_______ ___ handle everyday transactions and could no longer risk depositor's money through stock speculation.

Commercial banks

24

The _____- _____ ___ also created the ______ _____ _______ ______ ( ? ).

Glass- Steagall Act, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ( FDIC )

25

The _____ provides government insurance for bank deposits.

FDIC

26

The _____ _____ ____ _______ bought the mortgages of home owners who were behind in their payments.

Home Owner's Loan Corporation

27

It then restructured the loans with longer _________ terms and ______ ______ ____.

Repayment, lower interest rates

28

The ____ _____ ________ ( ? ) helped farmers refinance their mortgages.

Farm Credit Administration ( FCA )

29

To help the nation's farmers, Congress passed the ______ ______ ___.

Agricultural Adjustment Act

30

Under this act, the government's ___ would pay farmer's not to raise certain livestock, grow certain crops, and produce dairy products.

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