anat digestive Flashcards Preview

11th grade > anat digestive > Flashcards

Flashcards in anat digestive Deck (32):
1

lips

keep food btw upper/lower teeth

ingestion

2

uvula

moves upward during swallowing to prevent entry into nasal cavity

ingestion

3

tongue

maneuver food for chewing,assist in swallowing

4

salivary gland

secrete fluid contains amylase, lysozyme, lubricates food for swallowing

ingestion, digestion

5

teeth

cutting, tearing, grinding

6

pharynx

transport food, secretes mucus

ingestion

7

esophagus

muscular contraction propel food

8

cardiac sphincter

prevents back flow of stomach contents into esophagus

9

cardia
fundus
body
pylorus

regions that comprise organ that churns chyme

10

rugae

folds present when stomach is empty

digestion

11

mucous neck cells

secrete mucus prevents stomach from digesting itself

12

chief cells

secretes inactive enzyme pepsinogen

digestion

13

parietal cells

secret hydrochloric acid help convert pepsinogen into pepsin

14

G cells

secrete gastrin (a hormone that stimulates gastric juice secretion n promotes motility

15

pyloric sphincter

controls flow of chyme into duodenum

16

acini

secretes pancreatic juice

17

islets of Langerhan

secretes insulin

other

18

pancreatic duct

unites with common bile duct to form the common duct

19

liver

filters n detoxifies blood, secretes bile, metabolizes macromolecules

20

gall bladder

stores n concentrate bile

digestion

21

cystic duct

joins common hepatic duct to become the common bile duct

22

duodenum

10 in
shortest, common bile duct empties here

23

jejunum

3ft

digestion, absorption

24

ileum

6 ft joins w/ large intestine

25

microvilli

projections of the plasma membrane that increase surface area

26

circular folds

cause chyme to spiral

absorption

27

intestinal glands

secrete intestinal juice

absorption

28

ileocecal sphincter

control flow btw small n large intestine

29

cecum

appendix is attached here

30

colon

absorption

31

rectum

storage
other

32

anal canal

passageway