Anat 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anat 1 Deck (32):
1

superior

above
closer

2

inferior

below another part, toward the feet

3

anterior

toward the front

4

posterior

toward the back

5

medial

midline (equal right and left halves), it is closer to the middle line

6

lateral

more towards the side than ____

7

ipsilateral

same side

8

contralateral

opposite sides

9

proximal

closer to the trunk of body

10

distal

further away from trunk

11

superficial/ peripheral

near surface

12

deep

more internal

13

saggital

a cut that divides into a left and right portion

14

midsaggital (median)

a cut down the middle w/ equal sides

15

transverse

horizontal line, up and bottom

16

coronal (frontal)

line that divides front and back

17

cylindrical organs

-straight across: cross section

-angular: oblique section

-along down the middle: longitudinal

18

abdominal top

hypochondriac, epigastric

19

abdominal middle

lumbar, umbilical

20

abdominal bottom

iliac, hypogastric

21

cranial

brain

22

vertebral/spinal

spinal cord

23

thoracic

lungs

24

mediastinum

esophagus, trachea, thymus, heart. btw lung

25

abdominal

stomach liver spleen gallbladder
intestine

26

pelvic

end of Lintestine
urinary
bladder
reproductive system

27

serous membrane

lines the walls of thoracic and abdominal cavity. fluid separate parietal (lining wall) & visceral (covering organ)

28

lung

1. visceral pleura
2. pleural cavity
3. parietal pleura

29

hearts

1. visceral pericardium
2. pericardial cavity
3. parietal pericardium
4. fibrous pericardium

30

abdominal

1. visceral peritoneum
2. peritoneal cavity
3. parietal peritoneum

31

characteristics of life

movement
responsiveness
growth
reproduction
respiration
digestion
absorption
circulation
assimilation
excretion

32

requirement to life

water (metabolic process, transport, body temp)

food

oxygen (release energy from food)

heat (increase chem rxn)

pressure