Anat 2 Flashcards Preview

11th grade > Anat 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anat 2 Deck (41):
1

Adipose

Store excess triglyceride
Insulate, protect, and store energy
Fat

2

B lymphocyte

Make antibodies that kill antigens

3

Cardiac muscle

Contractile cell in the wall of the heart

4

Chondrocyte

Produces extra cellular component of cartilage

5

Ciliates epithelial cell

Respiratory and female reproductive
Line internal and external of the organ
Move mucus

6

Fibroblasts

Secrets fibers of protein, collagen
Connective tissue

7

Goblet

Snot, secrets mucus
Narrow bottom, fat top
Respiratory

8

Keratinized skin

Form protective waterproof layer on the outside of the body

9

Liver cell

Detoxifying blood

10

Macrophage

Ingest and digest foreign things
Respiratory

11

Melanocytes

Produces and releases melanin (pigment color for external structure)

12

Nerve cell

Conduct impulses to brain and from brain

13

Osteoblasts

Builds bone

14

Schwann

Insulate (speed up nerve cell transmission, help repairs them

15

Photoreceptors

Help detect color vision

16

Skeletal muscle cell

Allow movement

17

Smooth muscle cell

Contractile, lines hollow organs
Part of integumentary system

18

spermatogenesis

sperm cell production

19

spermatocyte

early stage in sperm cell formation. 1 primary: 4 sperms

20

meiosis

cell division that halves the genetic material, (sperm or egg)

21

Haploid

sex cell with single set of chromosomes

22

Diploid

body cell with 2 full sets of chromosomes

23

crossing over

exchange of genetic material btw homologous chromosome during meiosis 1

24

chromosomes

23 in head of sperm.

25

acromosome region

enzyme aid sperm cell in penetrating egg during fertilization

26

oogenesis

process of egg cell formation

27

polar body

small nonfunctional cell product of meiosis (female)

28

zygote

celll produced by the fusion of an egg and sperm
fertilized egg

29

embryo

prenatal stage of development after germ layers form and rudiments of organ present

30

pregnancy

female has developing offspring in her uterus

31

prenatal

before birth

32

postnatal

after birth

33

cleavage

early divisions of blastocyst cell into smaller cells

34

morula

early stage in prenatal development. solid ball of cells

35

blastocyst

embryo is a hollow ball of cell

36

implantation

embedding of a cleavage embryo in the lining of the uterus

37

placenta

structure attaching fetus in uterine wall, providing delivery of nutrients to and removal of wastes from fetus

38

ectopic pregnancy

development of a fertilized egg outside the uterus

39

totipotent

can give rise to every cell type, embryonic

40

pluripotent

later in development, progenitor, limited pathway

41

progenitor

stem cell divide into stem cell and prognenitor, partialized stemm cell