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Flashcards in US 2 Deck (77):
1

1689-1763
Brit,France,Spain

winner: supremacy in west indies, canada, trade

William
Anne
Geoge
French and Indian

2

-King William 1697
-Anne (1702-1713)-

brit tries to capture quebec but failed bc of AI burn frontier of B.
Anne: Brit got Nova Scotia (F) and trade from S

3

-King George (1744-1748)

F and S attack B
-GA oglethorpe against S
-NE captured Louisbourg (F)

Treaty, B gave bacK for politic econ in India. NE angry

4

F and I

-Brit tries to stop building of Fort Duquesne in Ohio River Valley, VI govn send GW. small initial vic for B but surrender. F won 1754
-Braddock (VI) was defeated 1755
2000 B near Ft.Du. Algonquin w/F hurt frontier of Penn and NC.
F won

5

Albany Plan of Union

NY, 1754
by BenFrank. Brit gov organized it
gov btw 7colon, system for recuit troop and tax. failded bc tax

6

William Pitt: brit prime minister

army: get Canada
got Louisbourg back 1758, f surrender quebec to Wolfe (1759), b take Montreal (1760)

7

F and I end

btw Europe
Peace of Paris 1763
Brit: Canada florida
Spain: west of mississ

8

Ponitac Rebell

1763. AI Chief pontiac attack west frontier. included AI from ohio rivr valley. brit troop stoped it

9

proclamation of 1763

stopped colon from living in appalachian but colon still did it

10

Lord Grenville

King George 3's chancellor of treasury and prime minister in 1760s, pushed acts in parliament

11

Sugar Act 1764

duties on feoriegn sugar and certain luxuries. raise money for crown, stopp smuggling. no juries

12

Quartering Act 1765

provide food and flat for brit soldier

13

stamp act 1765

raise fund for brit troops in colon
revenue stamps on printed paper. 1st direct tax

14

Patrick Henry

spoke to House of Burgesses about king's gov, tax stamp act

15

James Otis

initiated call cooperative action for colonies to protest stamp act

16

stamp act congress

representatives from 9 colon meet in NY 1765. believed in representation

17

Violence protest stamp act

sons and daughters of liberty: intimidated tax agebts: destroy revenue stamps and tarred/feathered revenue official

18

Boycott

1765-1766 ppl did not purchase any article.

19

declaratory act

1766. after, new prime minister. stamp act repealed
declaratory: parliament haad the right to tax and make laws

20

Townshend Acts (new chancellor) new tax measure

1767. new duties on import of tea glass paper. search for smuggled goods conducted by an official with writ assistance (general license)
NY assembly suspended

21

Dickinson to penn

1768protest townshend. need representation

22

James otis and samuel adams

1768 wrote massachusetts circular letter and send it to colon legislature to get them to petition to parliament to apeal townshend acts

-Brit: letter retract, threat to dissolve legist and increase of troops boston

-Colon:boycott and increase smuggling

23

Lord North, new prime minister

ended townshend 1770. parliament still have small tax on tea

24

Boston massacre

1770. Africa: Crispus Attuck killed

25

quiet yrs
1770-1772

1772
sam adams still kept hatred alive by committes of correspondence (1772)
massach, exchage letter about brits
house of burgesses: intercolonial committees 1773

26

gaspee

1772 brit ship that caught smuugling in RI, colon set fire to it

27

Boston Tea Party

result of Tea Act (1773) made price of tea cheaper than smuggled dutch. colon mixed reactions

28

Intolerable Acts

coercive and quebec acts bc of boston tea party

29

Coercive act 1774

punish boston and maasch
1. port (closed boston port until tea was paid for)
2 massachusetts gov (reduce its legislature, increase power of royals)
3. administration of justice(royal official tried in Brit)
4. Quartering

30

quebec act 1774

organize canada. accepted by french, resented in colonies. established catholicism as official religion of quebec, no representative assembly, extended border to ohio river

31

1st continental congress.

bc of intolerable act. except GA. philip, 1774.
voted on measures to change brit policy.
Joseph Gallway plan like albany (restore relations, no independence) failed
Radical: independence. henry, adams. VI,MA

Moderates:gw, dickinson. VI, PENN

Conservative: just protest
Jay, Galloway, NYPENN

32

Actions of 1st continental congress

1.Suffolk Resolves, want repeal of intolerable acts (resist/boycott)
2. Declaration of rights and griebances make right stuff for colon, king can regulate trade
3. continental association: committees enforce 1
4.

33

Lexington and COncord

april 1775.
Brit: cage
Colon: Revere and Dawes

34

Bunker Hill

June 1775
at Breed Hill MA. Brit attack and took hill. brit lost more

35

2nd continental Congress

may 1775
NE independance
MC negotiation

36

Actions of @nd continental Congress

declaration of Causes and Necessities for Taking up Arms. GW appointed commander in Boston. Arnold raid quebec
Olive Branch Petition send to King 3 (wanted king to stop parlia for right) dismiss it

37

Prohibitory Act

after olive branch petition
August 1775, declared colon rebllion. no trade btw them

38

declaration of indpendence

june 1776, lee VI got the idea. 5 ppl wrote it

39

Patroits

40%. NE and VI

40

Loyalist

30% tories: allegiance to king). colon helped brit troops. NY,NJ, GA
wealthy conservative
AI helped

41

bad yrs for colon: 1775-1777

1777: brit in NY(headquarter) and Philip

42

Saratoga 1777

Brit: burgoyne
Colon: Gates and Arnold.
Brit surrender
France joined

43

George Clark

1778-9
capture brit forts in illinois.
1780: focused on VI and carolina

44

yorktown

1781
Brit (Cornwallis) lost

45

cause Treaty of Paris

1783
war was unpular in britain. lord north and tory party replaces by whig who wanted it to end

46

treaty of paris

us independent nation
missipi is the border
us have fishing rights on canada
us paid debts to brit and loyalist can claim property land

47

Colony Gov
conservative: law and order
liberal: individ rights and prevent tyrannies

own constitution 1777
-List of RIghts
-separation of power
-vote

48

Articles of confederation
(1st constitution)

1777
john dickinson
ratification: ai land . seaboard wants it to be under central gov

49

Articles of confed structure
weak gov

one body congress/legislature, each state one vote/ 9/13 required. Power:
wage war, make treaties, send diplomates, borrow money. cant regulate commerce or collect taxes. gov have no execute to enforce laws
no judiciary

50

Land of ordinances 1758

policy for surveying and selling western land. setting aside one section of land in each town for edu

51

Northwest ordinance 1787

land btw great lakes and ohio river, set riles for making new states. limited self gov and no slavery

52

problems with articles

war debts not paid, european nations hated us
1786: farmer rebel against high taxes, imprisonment for debt, lack of paper money led by Shays, effective, was stopped by militia of MA

53

Social Change

end aristocracy
separation of church and state (only NE, congregational church)
WOmen: maintain econ
most N state end slavery
S some voluntarily freed slaves

54

problems under article

states doesnt follow treaty of paris (give land back to loyalist and pay debt) and brit is still on frontier
reduced foerighn trade, worthless monry, boundary/trade dispute btw states

55

annapolis convention

before: to deal with articles problem. in GW home 1785. agreed to a later meeting in annapolis: only 5 states came 1786. Madison and Hamilton wanted another convention to revise articles of confed

56

constitutional convention

pjilip 1787. no RI, revise articles. young educated delegates. secret metting. nationalist controlled: draft a new doc
-Representation: VI: big, NJ: small CONN/great compromise solved it
-Slavery: 3/5 compromise of a person. slave trade could end in 1808
-trade N wants central gov control trade. S afraid of tax. commerical compromise: congress regulate trade and tax on foreign stuff but no tax on exports
-President: electoral and veto, as many terms as you want

57

AntiFederallist- dont like constitution, Jefferson (Democratic Republic) south

small farmer/frontier. mason and henry in VI. want bill of rights. opposed hamilton financial prgram Thomas jefferson

58

Federalist- want constitution, hamilton. northeast

strong central gov, large cities. campaign for constit: federalist paper (madison and hamilton,Jay) persuasive essay. early victories in state convention 3. add bill of rights. and won. thought bill of rights was unnecessary

59

Bill of rights

1791 madison

60

members of 1st congress elected 1789

first session 1789 NY(capital) GW president that year

61

Judiciary Act of 1789

establish chief justice and 5 associate justices. 13 district courts and 3 circuit court of appeals

62

Hamilton's financial program

1. pay of national debt at face value (TJ agreed and established capital in south DC
2.help young industries and impose high taxes on imported goods
3.create national bank for gov funds and print for stable currency.

63

Foreign affairs

GW, French revolution was supported by US, solidified formations of political parties

64

Proclamation if Neutrality

1793, GW. Jefferson disagrees

65

citizen genet

edmond genet object GW neutrality, apealed US to support french was fired as a french minister

66

Jay Treaty

1794. GW send chief justice Jay to Brit to stop them from searching/seizing US ships. Treaty: brit evacuate from US frontier

67

Pinckey Treaty

1795. Spain strengthen its holding in NA by catholic mission in CA. Pinckney (us minister to spain) treaty: spain open mississ and New orlean to us trade with trade for new orleans. fl boundary should be at 31 parallel

68

GW reign AI issues

settlers past Appalachian, AI formed Northwest confederacy under chief little turtle won over militia. US wayne defeated them. AI agreed to treaty of greenville 1794 surrendering ohio territory

69

Whiskey Rebellion

1794 hamilton got congress to tx whiskey. West Penn farmers to pay the tax and attacked revenue collectors. GW send troops in under hamilton to stop it

70

Public Land Act

1796, result of Jay Treaty, encourage settlement of new land. made new states: Ver, Kent, Tennn

71

GW farewell address

in newspaper, hamilton helped 1796. spoked about stuff he didnt want US to do
-get involve in europe
-make permanent alliances with foregin
-form political parties
-fall into sectionalism
set an examples of only 2 terms

72

John Adam

federalist, TJ vice french revolution xyz

73

XYZ affair

Prob: French seized US merchant ships. ADams send delegates to Paris. French ministers wanted bribes to enter negotiation. US said no. Americans wanted war. Adams didn't want war bc army isn't ready, send new ministerto Paris. federalist strengthened

74

Alien and Sedition Acts (ended after 1800)

many federalist in congress 1789. wanted to restrict demo/repub. passed
-naturalization act: 14 yrs require for immigrants to get citizen ship.
-alien act: president can deport aliens considered dangerous and to capture war prisons
-sedition act: illegal for newspaper to criticize president or congress.

75

KENT and VI resolution

dem/repub hated the alien and sedition act. both ken and VI legislature had a resolution that declared he states had entered into a compact in forming national gov

76

Federalist

Loose interpret
Strong central
Brit
Business owner/land owner
Large military
High tariff

76

Federalist

Loose interpret
Strong central
Brit
Business owner/land owner
Large military
High tariff