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Flashcards in Anatomical Language Deck (71):
0

Define Term: Axial

Pertaining to the central part of the body (the head and trunk)

1

Define Term: Cephalic

Pertaining to the head

2

Define Term: Cranial

Pertaining to the portion of the skull surrounding the brain

3

Define Term: Facial

Pertaining to the face

4

Define Term: Frontal

Pertaining to the forehead

5

Define Term: Orbital

Pertaining to the eye

6

Define Term: Otic

Pertaining to the ear

7

Define Term: Nasal

Pertaining to the nose

8

Define Term: Buccal

Pertaining to the cheek

9

Define Term: Oral

Pertaining to the mouth

10

Define Term: Mental

Pertaining to. The chin

11

Define Term: Occipital

Pertaining to the back of the head

12

Define Term: Cervical

Pertaining to the neck

13

Define Term: Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

14

Define Term: Sternal

Pertaining to the breast bone

15

Define Term: Pectoral

Pertaining to the chest

16

Define Term: Mammary

Pertaining to the breast

17

Define Term: Abdominal

Pertaining to the abdomen

18

Define Term: Umbilical

Pertaining to the navel

19

Define Term: Coxal

Pertaining to the hip

20

Define Term: Pelvic

Pertaining to the pelvis

21

Define Term: Pubic

Pertaining to the genital area

22

Define Term: Dorsal

Pertaining to the back

23

Define Term: Scapular

Pertaining to the shoulder blade region

24

Define Term: Vertebral

Pertaining to the spinal column

25

Define Term: Lumbar

Pertaining to the area of the back between the lowest rib and buttocks

26

Define Term: Appendicular

Pertaining to the extremities or limbs

27

Define Term: Acromial

Pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder

28

Define Term: Axillary

Pertaining to the armpit

29

Define Term: Brachial

Pertaining to the arm

30

Define Term: Antecubital

Pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the elbow

31

Define Term: Olecranal

Pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the elbow

32

Define Term: Antebrachial

Pertaining to the forearm

33

Define Term: Carpal

Pertaining to the wrist

34

Define Term: Manual

Pertaining to the hand

35

Define Term: Palmar

Pertaining to the palm of the hand

36

Define Term: Digital

Pertaining to the digits (fingers on upper limb, toes on lower limb)

37

Define Term: Inguinal

Pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis

38

Define Term: Gluteal

Pertaining to the buttocks

39

Define Term: Femoral

Pertaining to the thigh

40

Define Term: Patellar

Pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the knee

41

Define Term: Popliteal

Pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the knee

42

Define Term: Crural

Pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the knee

43

Define Term: Fibular

Pertaining to the lateral side of the leg

44

Define Term: Peroneal

Pertaining to the lateral side of the leg

45

Define Term: Sural

Pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the leg

46

Define Term: Tarsal

Pertaining to the ankle

47

Define Term: Pedal

Pertaining to the foot

48

Define Term: Pedal

Pertaining to the foot

49

Define Term: Plantar

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

50

Define Term: Calcaneal

Pertaining to the heel

51

Define Term: Superior

Above, i.e. The nose is superior to the chin

52

Define Term: Inferior

Below, i.e. the chin in inferior to the the forehead

53

Define Term: Anterior (Ventral)

Closer to the front of the body, i.e. the lips are anterior to the teeth

54

Define Term: Posterior (Dorsal)

Closer to the back of body, i.e. The teeth are posterior to the lips

55

Define Term: Medial

Closer to the midline of the body, i.e. The nose is medial to the eyes

56

Define Term: Lateral

Farther from midline of body, i.e. The eyes are lateral to the nose

57

Define Term: Intermediate

Between two structures, i.e. The elbow is intermediate between the shoulder and the wrist

58

Define Term: Ipsilateral

On the same side of body, i.e. the right arm and right leg are ipsilateral

59

Define Term: Contralateral

On opposite sides of the body, i.e. The right arm and left leg are Contralateral

60

Define Term: Proximal

Nearer to the point of attachment of limb to trunk, i.e. The elbow is proximal to the wrist

61

Define Term: Distal

Farther from point of attachment of limb to trunk, i.e. The wrist is distal to the elbow

62

Define Term: Superficial

Closer to the surface of body, i.e, the skin is superficial to the muscles

63

Define Term: Deep

Farther from surface of body, i.e. The muscles are deep to the skin

64

Define Term: Sagittal

Straight down through the center, separating left and right side of the body

65

Define Term: frontal

Also known as coronal, straight down separating front of the body from back of the body

66

Define Term: Transverse

Cut horizontal through the body, separates body into inferior and superior sections

67

Define Term: Longitudinal

For looking at individual organs, etc. cut along the long axis of a long narrow structure.

68

Define Term: cross-section

In individual organs, etc. cut running perpendicular to the long axis

69

Define Term: midsagittal

Divining vertically into equal halves left and right

70

Define Term: Parasagittal

Divide the body vertically into unequal left and right sections