Antacid Pharm Flashcards Preview

Gastrointestinal > Antacid Pharm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antacid Pharm Deck (26):
1

Regarding Parietal cell acid secretion, Ach and Gastrin action occurs through raising the levels of what>

IP3 and Calcium

2

Histamine stimulates acid production through?

Adenylyl cyclate (raising cAMP levels)

3

Somatostatin and Prostaglandins lower acid secretion via?

Lowering cAMP levels....cut off the histamine pathway

4

pH goal of antacid tx is?

pH greater than 4

5

Antacids can significantly impact the absorption of other drugs!!! worth knowing....do not have pts take antacids within hrs of other meds.

ok

6

H2 blockers mechanism

Block the binding of histamine to the histamine receptor.
H2 blockers inhibit the basal, cephalic, and nocturnal Gastric Acid Secretion!!!!
Reduce volume and acidity of GA secretions.

7

Potency of Cimetidine?

1x

8

Potency of Ranitodine and Nizatidine?

4-10x

9

Famotidine potency?

20-50

10

Cimetidine has what effect on CYPs?

inhibits them

11

Famotidine leads to low clearance of ?

Theophylline

12

Proton Pump Inhibitors mechanism>

Inhibit the proton pump (Hydrogen Potassium ATPase) at the apical membrane of the parietal cells. Most effective form of gastric acid relief/

13

PPI's are absorbed into the bloodstream in the small intestine as lipid soluble prodrugs. Carried in teh blood to parietal cells and diffuse to canaliculi where the acid pH ionizes them. The ionized form of the drug then binds irreversibly to H/K ATPase and achlorhydria results. Because the binding is irreversible, the parietal cell must make new PP.

KNOW this mech

14

All PPIs are CYP--- substrates?

CYP219

15

Which of the PPIs is the weakest of the CYP219 substrates?

Pantoprazole....rabeprozole is also right there with it

16

PPIs lower the bioavailability of what types of drugs?

Anti-retrovirals

17

What the hell is bismuth subsalicylate?

Pepto Bismol.

18

How does the pink stuff work?

Increases Mucous and bicarb secretion. Lowers Pepsin activity. Chelates protein at the base of the ulcer and forms a protective barrier inside it from GA and Pepsin. Inhibits H Pylori as well.

19

Sucralfate

Forms a sticky gel that adheres to the gastric epithelium and protects it from gastric acid and pepsin.

20

What type of pH does Sucralfate require for activity>

Acidic pH

21

What ABs can be used to eradicate H Pylori which is the most common cause of ulcers

Clarithromycin
Amoxicillin
Metronidazole
Furazolidine

F Cam

22

Furazolidine mechanism

Nitrofuran antibacterial and anti-protozoal

23

Clarithromycin mech

Macrolide

24

Amoxicillin mech

Beta lactamase resistant

25

Metronidazole mech?

synthetic antibiotic for obligate anaerobes

26

What is the drug regimen for H pylori?

Give a PPI or H2 blocker, pepto bismol, and 1-2 antibiotics for 10-14 days.