Anti-infective Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anti-infective Drugs Deck (30)
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1

an organic arsenic compound--the 1st "magic bullet" antibiosis treatment

Salvarsan

2

the earliest antifungal--topical antifungal used to treat superficial infections such as thrush, vaginal yeast infections, and ringworm (caused by skin fungi called dermatophytes)

Nystatin

3

the 2 azole drugs--also topical antifungals used to treat the superficial infections

Clotrimazole and Miconazole

4

the earliest drug for systemic fungal infections; it was called "amphiterrible"

Amphotericin

5

modern antifungals that are well tolerated

Fluconazole (Diflucan) & terbinafine (Lamisil)

6

Streptomycin, neomycin, gentamicin


Aminoglycosides

7

cephalexin (Keflex), cefaclor (Ceclor), ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

Cephalosporins

8

Pen G, pen V, ampicillin, amoxicillin, methicillin, ticarcillin, Augmentin

Penicillin drugs

9

Bicillin--first penicillin, injectable

penicillin G

10

ampicillin and amoxicillin--oral

penicillin V

11

combo drug with both amoxicillin & clavulanate; effective against even the penicillinase producing bacteria

Augmentin

12

newer penicillin agent with an extended spectrum of action

ticarcillin

13

synthetic penicillin resistant to penicillinase

methicillin

14

sulfanilamide (Prontosil), sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole (Septra & Bactrim)

Sulfonamides

15

minocycline (Minocin), doxycycline (Vibramycin)

Tetracyclines

16

used for methicillin-resistant S. aureus

vancomycin (Vancocin)

17

Septra or Bactrim (trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole)

combination antibacterial

18

another group of antibacterials; aztreonam (Azactam) is the best know of one of these

Carbapenems and Monobactams

19

ciprofloxacin (Cipro) & levofloxacin (Levaquin)

Flouroquinolones

20

erythromycin, azithromycin (Zithromax), clarithromycin (Biaxon)

Macrolides

21

topcials bacitracin and polymyxin B, clindamycin (Cleocin), metronidazole, vancomycin (Vancocin)

miscellaneous antibiotics

22

topicals found in "double" or "triple" antibiotic ointments

bacitracin and polymyxin B

23

antibiotic commonly used for acne

clindamycin (Cleocin)

24

used for anaerobic infections

metronidazole

25

amantadine (Symmetrel) and newer oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza)

oral influenza drugs

26

the trivalent and tetravalent vaccine against 3 annual strains of influenza (2 type A and 1 or 2 type B)

TIV

27

used to treat hemorrhagic fevers, RSV and Hantavirus infection

ribavirin

28

used to treat herpes viral infections

acyclovir (Zovirax) and valacyclovir (Valtrex)

29

to prevent HPV (an STI) which can cause cervical cancer

Gardasil vaccine

30

medical marijuana, the THC drug dronabinol (Marinol), Megace (megestrol), testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT)

used to treat muscle wasting/Wasting Syndrome