Module 4 Drugs Part 2 Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology 2240 > Module 4 Drugs Part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 4 Drugs Part 2 Deck (69)
Loading flashcards...
1

Sympathomimetic bronchodilators--beta 2 agonists:
epinephrine - ephedrine - isoproterenol (Isuprel) - albuterol (Proventil MDI) - formoterol and salmeterol

"Front door" bronchodilators

2

Parasympatholytic bronchodilators--anticholinergic:
ipratropium (Atrovent)

"Back door" bronchodilators

3

Xanthine & methylzanthine bronchodilators:
caffeine - theobromine & theophylline - coffee - chocolate - green & black tea

"Side door" bronchodilators

4

diphenydramine (Benadryl) - cholopheniramine (Chor-Trimeton) - promethazine (Phenergen)

1st gen Antihistamines--used often now for sleep meds, etc

5

Claritin (loratadine)

2nd gen Antihistamine--only one still used

6

Allegra (fexofenadine) & Zyrtec (cetirizine)

3rd gen Antihistamines

7

Inhibiting these eicosanoids in the AA pathway helps reduce inflammation
I.e. SIngulair (montelukast)

Leukotriene rc blockers

8

Cromolyn sodium--formulated as a liquid nebulizer (inhalation)

Mast Cell Stabilizers

9

Receiving weekly shots of pregressively higher concentrations of theallergenes a person is allergic to in order to buildup blocking IgG antibodies (for the IgE antibodies)

Desensitization shots for immunotherapy

10

beclomethasone (Vanceril MDI), fluticasone (Flovent MDI) & triamcinolone (Azmacort MDI)

Inhaled corticosteroids

11

Codeine & all other opioids - DMX/dextromethorphan (Robitussin) - (morphine, codeine, and hydrocodone) - Phenergan (promethazine--used in the Robitussine line)

Antitussives

12

The most popular OTC expectorant/mucolytic; thins mucous and helps it be coughed up

guaifenesin

13

Pen VK - amoxicillin - clarithromycin (Biaxin) - azithromycin (Zithromax) - ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

Oral antibiotics

14

systemic drugs (to be used in lungs):-
fluconazole (Diflucan) - terbinafine (Lamisil)

Pulmonary antifungals

15

Oral drugs Relenza & Relenza - TIV (influenza vaccine)

Antiviral agents

16

Nicotine gum - nicotine patch - the antidepressant bupropion (Zyban, Wellbutrin) - Chantix (varenicline)

Anti-smoking drugs

17

A miscellaneous drug: a surfactant extracted form ground-up cow lungs used to treat lung disease of premature infants (hyaline membrane disease)

Survanta

18

Ortho tri-cyclin - Enovid - Lybrel - Yaz -

Oral Contraceptives

19

a triphasic pill also approved for acne treatment

Ortho tri-cyclin

20

the first oral contraceptive marketed in the U.S.
In 1960 was progestin-only drug

Enovid

21

the only OC approved for eliminating periods

Lybrel

22

the only OC approved for treatment of PMDD and moderate acne
*new estrogens have 7x the risk of stroke as older COCPs

Yaz

23

1 type estrogen and 1 type of progesterone

Monophasic

24

1 type of estrogen and 2 types of progesterone

Biphasic

25

1 type of estrogen and 3 types of progesterone

Triphasic

26

the high dose, progestin-only drug used for emergency contraception (contains the 2nd generation progestin 'levonorgestrel')

Plan B

27

Depo-Provera (medroxyprogesterone) - Ortho Evra - NuvaRing - IUDs- Norplant system

Non-oral contraceptives

28

monthly injections; progestin-only

Depo-Provera (medroxyprogesterone)

29

transdermal patch contraceptive

Ortho Evra

30

a flexible plastic vaginal ring that releases a low dose of combined progestin and estrogen over 3 weeks

NuvaRing