Module 1 Drugs to know Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 1 Drugs to know Deck (41)
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1

the drug most responsible for the death of Michael Jackson

Propofol

2

manufactured in 1899 (acetyl salicylic acid)

Aspirin

3

cure for fungal infection of the nails

Lamisil

4

Lanoxin; derived from foxglove; scopolamine and atropine from Belladonna

Digitalis

5

from the ephedra plant in Western US desert; because of stimulant abuse you now have to get the OTC from the pharmacist

Ephedrine

6

Reminyl, from daffodil bulbs

Galantamine

7

conjugated estrogens; obtained from pregnant mare's urine

Premarin

8

made by recombinant DNA technology

Human Insulin

9

commonly used minerals

lithium, iron, potassium, calcium

10

isolated from the opium poppy in 1803

Morphine

11

anti-infective agent; a "sulfa drug" with antibacterial properties; deadly when mixed with deithylene glycol (antifreeze)

Sulfanilamide

12

the first barbiturate sedative-hypnotic

Phenobarbital

13

Used in tooth drops for children early on

Cocaine

14

Heroin

an opioid also derived from the opium poppy

15

used in Europe for as an anti-nausea drug for pregnant women; responsible for the deaths of hundreds

Thalidomide

16

Schedule I drugs

LSD, Ecstasy

17

a synthetic Schedule II opioid; lab-created (not derived from opium poppy)

Demerol

18

a Schedule II opioid combined with acetaminophen

Percodan

19

a Schedule II amphetamine used to treat hyperactive children

Ritalin

20

Schedule III Opioids combined with acetaminophen

Vicodin and Tylenol with codeine

21

a schedule IV mineral used for bipolar depression

Lithium

22

vasodilator originally developed for heart mediciation but now used as a sexual enhancement drug

Viagra

23

a Schedule IV benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic; like Lorazepam (Ativan) and midazolam (Versed)

diazepam (Valium)

24

NSAIDs, now available OTC

Motrin and Aleve

25

a popular OTC heartburn med

Prilosec

26

another popular antacid OTC (different class than Prilosec)

Tagamet

27

popular OTC antihistamine on its own; also often mixed with other drugs

Benadryl

28

2 popular OTC antihistamines; usually much more effective for allergies than than Benadryl

Claritin and Zyrtec

29

popular Rx antibiotic; also called Cipro

Ciprofloxacin

30

old-time anti-depressant; still used sometimes

Elavil