Cardiovascular Drugs Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology 2240 > Cardiovascular Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Drugs Deck (37)
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1

aspirin for heart attacks and for maintenance therapy, clopidogrel (Plavix)

Platelet inhibitors

2

chew two 325 mg tablets for heart attack emergency or take 1 baby (81mg/day) maintenance

Aspirin

3

high $$, high-selling antiplatelet drug that helps prevent stroke and recurrent MI

clopidogrel (Plavix)

4

nitroglycerin drugs and isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil)--vasodilators that improve coronary blood flow

Nitrates

5

Nitrostat, nitroglycerine paste, Transderm-Nitro, etc.

nitroglycerine

6

(Isordil) another nitrate vasodilator that improves blood flow of heart

isosorbide dinitrate

7

hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), furosemide (Lasix)

Diuretics

8

a low-ceiling thiazide diuretic used in the treatment of HTN

HCTZ of hydrochlorothiazide

9

a high-ceiling loop diuretic used to treat CHF

furosemide (Lasix)

10

propranolol (Inderol), metoprolol (Lopressor), carvedilol (Coreg)

beta-blockers

11

captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril

ACE-inhibitors

12

a group of drugs that have negative chronotropic (lowering the heart rate) effects

beta-blockers

13

the first ACE-inhibitor

captopril (Capoten)

14

ACE-I that came after captopril

enalapril (Vasotec)

15

the ACE-I most often prescribed now

lisinopril

16

losartan (Cozaar), and all the drugs ending in "sartan"

Angiotensin II rc blockers or ARBs

17

verapamil (Calan)

CCBs (calcium channel blockers)

18

renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone

endogenous hormones affected by some of these cardiovascular drugs

19

secreted by the kidneys

renin

20

secreted downstream from renin

angiotensin II

21

adrenal gland hormone secreted further downstream from the others

aldosterone

22

HTN drugs that can all be combined with a mild diuretic like HCTZ or with each other (i.e. "Capozide"--combo of capoten/captopril and a mild thiazide diuretic)

ACE-Is, ARBs, calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers

23

hydralazine (Apresoline), the 'race-based' combo drug BiDil, and minoxidil (Rogaine)

other vasodilators

24

an "old time" drug, mostly an arterial vasodilator

hydralazine (Apresoline)

25

"race-based" combination drug that contains hydralazine and a nitroglycerin compound (isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine)

BiDil

26

vasodilator now marketed as Rogaine for hair regrowth

minoxidil

27

digoxin (Lanoxin), dopamine and dobutamine

drugs that increae the force of contraction--positive inotropic

28

the most common cardiac glycoside; positive inotropy but negative chronotropy

digoxin (Lanoxin)

29

sympathetic agonists with positive inotropy and positive chronotropy, similar to epinephrine (NOT cardiac glycosides)

dopamine and dobutamine

30

anticholinergic with positive chronotropic effects (because it lyses the parasympathetic nervous system), used to treat bradycardia

atropine