Antimicrobial herbs (PN) Flashcards Preview

Emma's NPLEX II Materia Medica > Antimicrobial herbs (PN) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antimicrobial herbs (PN) Deck (23):
1

What 2 botanicals can be used topically in the treatment of HSV?

Melissa officinalis & Echinacea spp

2

This botanical may cause nephrosis with hematuria

Juniperus communis

3

This herb can be used for warts. The essential oil of this herb should not be taken internally because it contains a neurotoxin. Other toxicity symptoms include:

i.) Impotence
ii.) Fatty Liver
iii.) Nightmares
iv.) Hallucinations
v.) Convulsions

Thuja occidentalis (Cedar) containing thujone

4

Antihelminthic herb good for pin worms and round worms. It is also an antidepressant and bitter/carminitive.

Artemisia absinthium

It is antihelminthic because it contains Thujone- a neurotoxin

5

Escharotic treatment for cervical dysplasia and treatment for Basal/Squamous cell carcinoma

Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot) containing isoquinoline alkaloids

6

Antifungal that contains lichen acids. The lichen acids are hepatotoxic so concentrated acid extracts should not be used. Use the whole plant

Usnea barbata (Old Man's Beard) containing lichen acid (usnic acid)

7

Immunostimulant, anticatarrhal, and diaphoretic that contains unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids

Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) contains unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids

8

Antihelminthic herb that may cause urinary retention and severe diarrhea with vomiting if toxic doses are reached

Artemisia absinthium

9

This herb should be combined with iron for best efficacy. It is also contraindicated in pregnancy

Artemisia annua

10

Relatively minimal toxicity risk of this herb, but it should not be used in late pregnancy

Berberis vulgaris

11

Antimicrobial against cholera, candidiasis, H.pylori, and Staphylococcal skin infections

Hydrastis canadensis (Goldenseal) containing Isoquinoline alkaloids (berberine)

12

This herb may cause hypersalivation with too high of a dosing schedule

Baptisia tinctoria

13

Topical side effects of this herb are: ulceration, skin necrosis, and local nerve damage

Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot) containing isoquinoline alkaloids

14

Antiviral herb that contains furanocoumarins which theoretically may potentiate anticoagulant therapy

Lomatium dissectum (Desert Parsley root) contains furanocoumarins

15

This herb is a topical anodyne and topical vulnerary, but is more commonly used for URI internally

Echinacea spp

16

This constituent can cause kernicterus in newborns, and may cross the placenta during pregnancy

Hydrastis canadensis (Goldenseal) containing Isoquinoline alkaloids (berberine)

17

Toxicity of this herb causes abortion (hence it is contraindicated in pregnancy), vomiting with severe diarrhea, urinary retention, and convulsions

Artemisia absinthium

18

This herb is an immunostimulant, antimicrobial, and alterative

Echinacea spp

19

Used as an oral rinse for periodontal disease and gingivitis

Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot) containing isoquinoline alkaloids

20

This constituent inhibits both CYP3A4 and CYP2D6

Berberine (Hydrastis canadensis & Berberis vulgaris)

21

Antifungal herb used topically only becaus internally it is neurotoxic

Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree oil)

22

This antihelminthic herb should be avoided in people with asteraceae sensitivities

Artemisia absinthium

23

This Antimicrobial is effective against fungus, bacteria, and viruses. It is particularly effective against bordetella pertussis and H.pylori

Thymus vulgaris (Thyme)