Anxiety Disorders Flashcards Preview

Advanced Psychopathology > Anxiety Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders Deck (23):
1

What percent of the population suffers form Anxiety Disorders?

18%

2

When do most anxiety disorders begin?

childhood, adolescence or early adulthood

3

How many americans are affected?

40 million

4

What feature do all anxiety disorders have in common?

fearfulness

5

What are the common symptoms of anxiety? (MBREATHE)

Muscle tension
Breathing changes
Restlessness
Excuses
Afraid
Toilet
Heart attack
Escape

6

What is separation Anxiety DIsorder?

fear of separation from attachment figure with 3 or more:
-refusal to leave
-fear of event that causes separation
-fear of losing attachment figure
-nightmares regarding separation
-fear of being alone

7

What is the duration of separation anxiety disorder?

6 months (adults)
1 month (children)

8

What is Selective Mutism ?

1. failure to speak in situations where speaking is expected despite speaking in other situations

2. interferes with school, work or communication

3. not due to lack of knowledge or language

9

What is the duration of selective mutism?

1 months (not during 1st month of school)

10

What is specific phobia?

fear about specific object or situation

1. provokes immediate fear
2. avoided or endured with anxiety
3. out of proportion to threat

11

What is the third most common disorder in the U.S?

Social Phobia

12

What is social phobia?

1. fear about social situations where possible exposure to scrutiny by others

2. fear of negative evaluation

3. provokes fear

4. avoided/endured w/anxiety

5. out of proportion to actual threat

13

How does specific phobia and social phobia differ?

Social phobia fears negative evaluation

14

What is panic Disorder?

1. recurrent unexpected panic attacks

2. attack followed by 1 months of:
-fear of additional attacks
-change in behavior

15

What is a panic attack specifier?

4 or more Sx
-sweating
-shaking
-nausea
-breath (shortness)
-heart beat
-chills

16

What is agoraphobia?

fear about being in situations that are difficult to escape
(public transportation, open spaces, enclosed spaces, llines/crowds, outside of home alone)

avoids situation

(1. provoke fear, 2. avoided/endured with anxiety 3. out of proportion)

17

What is GAD?

cant control excessive worry for 6 months about a lot of things

18

What is obsession-compulsive disorder?

Presence of obsessions, compulsions or both
A. obsessions: 1. intrusive thoughts 2. attempts to ignore/suppress thoughts)

B. compulsions: 1. repetitive intentional behaviors 2. aimed at reducing anxiety

C. time consuming

19

What are the specifiers for OCD?

good insight
poor insight
absent/delusional
tic-related

20

What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder

preoccupation with perceived flaws that are not observable to others

21

What is hoarding disorder?

difficulty discarding with possessions

22

What is trichotillomania?

recurrent pulling of ones hair

23

What is Excoriation Disorder?

recurrent skin picking resulting in lesions