Feeding/Eating Disorders Flashcards Preview

Advanced Psychopathology > Feeding/Eating Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Feeding/Eating Disorders Deck (31):
1

What are the 3 main features of Anorexia?

1. food restriction leading to low body weight

2. fear of gaining weight or behavior that interferes with weight gain

3. misperception of body shape/weight or lack of recognition of seriousness of low body weight

2

What are the 2 subtypes of anorexia?

1. Restricting type: weight loss with no binge/purge (diet/exercise) within last 3 months

2. Binge-eating/purging: binge/purge behavior within last 3 months

3

What is considered mild, moderate, severe and extreme BMI for anorexia?

mild = 17+
moderate= 16-16.9
severe= 15-15.9
extreme = below 15

4

What disorder has the highest mortality rate?

Anorexia

5

What disorder has the highest suicide rate?

Bulimia

6

What is the difference between Anorexia and Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake disorder?

Avoidant/Restrictive does not involve a disturbance in body shape/weight

Anorexia: based on BMI and misperception of body image

7

What disorder is highly comorbid with Anorexia?

Depression

8

Anorexia has a higher prevalence among?

10x more for young women (vs. men)
more common in middle & upper class

9

What is the age of onset for anorexia?

adolescence

10

What disorders are cormorbid with Eating Disorders?

1. Depression
2. Anxiety
3. Borderline Personality
4. Substance-Abuse

11

Do Eating Disorders run in families?

yes

12

Can eating disorders change brain chemistry and exasperate the disorder?

Yes

13

What are the main features of Bulimia?

A. Recurrent episodes of binge eating that include 1. eating a lot in a small period of time and 2. lack of control

B. Recurrent compensatory behaviors to avoid weight gain

C. Binge/purge must occur at least 1x/week for 3 months

D. self-evaluation influenced by body shape/weight

14

What is the duration of Bulimia?

must occur on average a min: 1x/week for 3 months

15

What qualifies for a mild and extreme severity for bulimia?

mild= 1-3x/week

extreme = 14+ times/week

16

What disorder is characterized by an excessive concern with weight, but may be thin or heavy?

Bulimia

17

What are the main features of Binge-Eating Disorder?

A. Recurrent episodes of binge eating with (1. large intake of food within time period & 2. lack of control)

B. Episodes include 3 or more:
rapid eating
eating until abnormally full
eating a lot when not hungry
eating alone
feeling disgusted/guilty/depressed

C. Distress RE: binge eating

D. 1x/week for 3 months

18

What are the similarities between Binge-eating Disorder and Bulimia?

Duration of 1x/wk for 3 months

recurrent episodes of binge eating that include large consumption during time period & lack of control

Levels of severity

19

How does Binge-eating disorder differ from bulimia?

No purging
Not weight specified
Not OCD about body
Onset = adulthood
prevalence equal among men & women

20

What is Enuresis?

Repeated urination into bed or clothes either intentional or unintentional

Needs either: 2x/week for 3 consec. months or impairment in functioning

At least 5 years old

21

What are the age qualifications for Enuresis vs. Encopresis ?

Enuresis = 5 years old +

Encopresis = 4 years old +

22

What is Encopresis?

Passage of feces in inappropriate places either intentional or unintentional

Duration of at least 1x/month for 3 months

child at least 4 years old

23

What are the specifiers for Enuresis?

Nocturnal
Diurnal
Both

24

Why is family therapy a strongly suggested treatment method for Bulimia?

genetic & family support

25

What 4 main factors influence Bulimia?

1. personhood
2. family dynamic
3. sphere of influence
4. Food

26

What is the most effective treatment method for Bulimia?

CBT

27

What is the main focus of those with Bulimia?

Anxiety

28

What is Pica?

Eating nonnutritive foods for 1 month +

29

Pica is most prevalent among?

IDD
early childhood
pregnant women

30

What is Rumination Disorder?

regurgitation of food for 1 mon +

31

Rumination is most prevalent among?

IDD, onset 3-12 months, males