Neurodevelopmental Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Deck (15):
1

What is intellectual Disability Disorder ? (mental retardation)

deficit in intellectual (IQ of 70 or less) and adaptive functioning
onset during developmental period (prior to 18)

2

What are the levels of severity for IDD?

mild = IQ: 50-70
moderate = 2nd grade academic ability
severe = minimal speech
profound = IQ 20-25

3

What IQ is required for a diagnosis of IDD?

70 or less

4

What is the highest severity level for IDD (profound)?

20-25 or less

5

What are communication Disorders?

impairment in development of communication skills (understanding or expressing language)

6

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

deficits in social communication/interaction: (emotions, nonverbal, relationships)

& restrictive behaviors: (repetitive motor, sameness, fixated interests, hyperreactivity)

Sx present in early developmental period

7

What is the cause of Autism?

no cause identified
correlated w/birth complications, enlargement of brain and elevated serotonin

8

Is autism correlated with parenting styles?

No

9

Is Aspergers a disorder in the DSM-5?

No, it is part of autism spectrum

10

What is ADHD?

pattern of inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes w/development or functioning

*Sx prior to age 12

Sx present in 2 or more settings

11

What is the age requirement for ADHD?

Sx present prior to age 12

12

Name symptoms for ADHD: Inattention

6 or more:
forgetful,
loses things,
distracted,
can't focus,
can't follow directions,
careless mistakes,
can't organize,
can't listen

13

Name symptoms for ADHD: Hyperactivity-Impulsivity?

6 or more:
fidgets
talkative
runs around when inappropriate
can't sit still
interrupts
blurts out answers
often leaves seat
can't wait their turn

14

What are the 3 subtypes of ADHD?

Combined presentation = both criteria met for 6 mo

Predominantly Inattentive = inattention criteria only 6 mo

Predom Hyperactivity/Impu = hyper criteria only 6 mo

15

What is the age requirement for Autism?

Prior to 3 years oldr