Flashcards in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Deck (15):
What is intellectual Disability Disorder ? (mental retardation)
deficit in intellectual (IQ of 70 or less) and adaptive functioning
onset during developmental period (prior to 18)
What are the levels of severity for IDD?
mild = IQ: 50-70
moderate = 2nd grade academic ability
severe = minimal speech
profound = IQ 20-25
What IQ is required for a diagnosis of IDD?
70 or less
What is the highest severity level for IDD (profound)?
20-25 or less
What are communication Disorders?
impairment in development of communication skills (understanding or expressing language)
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
deficits in social communication/interaction: (emotions, nonverbal, relationships)
& restrictive behaviors: (repetitive motor, sameness, fixated interests, hyperreactivity)
Sx present in early developmental period
What is the cause of Autism?
no cause identified
correlated w/birth complications, enlargement of brain and elevated serotonin
Is autism correlated with parenting styles?
Is Aspergers a disorder in the DSM-5?
No, it is part of autism spectrum
What is ADHD?
pattern of inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes w/development or functioning
*Sx prior to age 12
Sx present in 2 or more settings
What is the age requirement for ADHD?
Sx present prior to age 12
Name symptoms for ADHD: Inattention
6 or more:
can't follow directions,
Name symptoms for ADHD: Hyperactivity-Impulsivity?
6 or more:
runs around when inappropriate
can't sit still
blurts out answers
often leaves seat
can't wait their turn
What are the 3 subtypes of ADHD?
Combined presentation = both criteria met for 6 mo
Predominantly Inattentive = inattention criteria only 6 mo
Predom Hyperactivity/Impu = hyper criteria only 6 mo