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Flashcards in Dissociative Disorders Deck (17):
1

Dissociative Disorders are characterized by?

disruption of normal integration of consciousness, memory, identity, emotion, perception, body representation, motor control and behavior

2

What disorders are included in the diagnostic category of dissociative disorders?

dissociative identity d/o
dissociative amnesia
depersonalization/derealization d/o

3

dissociative symptoms are experienced as?

1. intrusions in awareness and behavior w/loss of subjective experience
or
2. inability to access info or control mental functions

4

Dissociative symptoms are usually due to _______?

trauma

5

DID was previously called?

multiple personality disorder

6

what is dissociate identity d/o?

A. Disruption of identity with 2 (or more) personality states including:
i) Discontinuity in sense of self & sense of agency
ii)Alterations in affect, behavior, consciousness, memory, perception, cognition and/or sensory motor functioning

B. Gaps in recall of everyday events, personal info and/or traumatic events

C. Not due to cultural or in children by fantasy/imaginary play

7

What is dissociative amnesia?


A. Inability to recall important autobiographical info (usually of traumatic or stressful nature) inconsistent w/ordinary forgetting (most often of selective amnesia for specific event)

Specify if:
o Dissociative fugue: purposeful travel associated w/amnesia for identity or other important autobiographical info

8

Depersonalization / Derealization d/o?

A. Presence of recurrent experiences of depersonalization, derealization or both
i) Depersonalization: experiences of unreality/detachment with one’s thoughts, feelings, sensations, body or actions (distorted sense of time, unreal self)
ii) Derealization: experiences of unreality/detachment with surroundings (ppl or objects are unreal, dreamlike or distorted)

B. During depersonalization/derealization experiences, reality testing remains in tact

9

What is Depersonalization?

experiences of unreality/detachment with one’s thoughts, feelings, sensations, body or actions (distorted sense of time, unreal self)

10

What is Derealization?

experiences of unreality/detachment with surroundings (ppl or objects are unreal, dreamlike or distorted)

11

What is typical age of onset for
Depersonalization / Derealization d/o?

16 years

12

Which of these is not a factor of the effectiveness of CBT for dissociatve disorders?
a. pinpoint where trauma began
b. reintroduce healthy thinking
c. proven to help other disorders
d. puts people into a trance state that helps them recall past events

d. puts people into a trance state that helps them recall past events

13

What are the most effective treatments for dissociative disorders?

CBT
Recovered Memory therapy

14

What is the least effective treatment for dissociative disorders?

Hypnosis

15

What are medications not commonly used in treating dissociate disorders?

the feeling of an outside source manipulating their lives or environment points to further trauma

16

What is recovered memory therapy?

a form of therapy that helps people integrate their recalled memories into their autobiographical narrative

17

What are the goals for treatment of dissociative disorders?

1. recover suppressed memories
2. cope with trauma
3. reformulate thought patterns that induce dissociation