Flashcards in Aorta Deck (58)
Gonadal arteries originate from the _____ aspect of the AO.
Gonadal arteries are ____ to the SMA and renal arteries.
The gonadal arteries course _____ to their respective organs.
Male gonadal arteries are also called _____. Female gonadal arteries are also called _____.
Testicular arteries, ovarian arteries
IMA originates from the _____ aspect of the AO, and courses _____ and _____ to the _____, _____, and _____ which it supplies.
Anterior, anteriorly, inferiorly, transverse colon, descending colon, rectum
The median sacral artery supplies the _____ and the most _____ branch of the AO.
AO should not exceed _____ in size at any point.
The AO courses _____, and _____ in size and lies more _____ to the abdomen.
Inferiorly, decreases, shallow
The best way to decrease observer variation when measuring the AO is to take the AP measurement in the _____ plane.
The 3 layers of the aorta are
Tunica intima, tunica media, tunica adventitia
Arteries have a thicker _____ to allow for greater elasticity.
What is the primary function of the AO?
Channel blood to organs and tissues to ensure oxygenation and metabolism.
Explain the blood flow from the heart to the AO.
Page 7 of PowerPoint sheets
Arterial vasculature should display a(n) _____ center with _____ walls that clearly delineate from adjacent structures.
T or F? Larger vessels will display significant pulsatility.
The AO is a tubular, highly pulsatile structure that is ____ and slightly to the ____ of the spine.
The AO courses more anteriorly at the _____ regions, until it bifurcates and courses _____.
Mid and distal, linear
What makes up the "seagull" image?
The AO with the splenic artery and common hepatic artery as wings
The CA is mostly easily seen in the ____ plane, slightly ____ to the pancreas.
The SMA is identified as a linear structure branching anteriorly from the AO inferior to the CA in the ____ plane.
Renal arteries are most easily seen in the ____ plane as small diameter curvilinear structures branching ____ from the AO.
The LRA is difficult to identify in the ____ plane.
T or F? The IMA is consistently demonstrated with ultrasound.
Renal arteries are most easily seen in the ____ plane. However, the RRA might be identified in the ____ plane as it is directly ____ to the IVC.
Transverse, sagittal, posterior
The AO bifurcation is most easily identified in the ____ plane.
Why are the AO and its branches primarily evaluated?
To detect aneurysms and stenosis
T or F? Doppler can aid in identifying stenosis because it indicates flow patterns within the vasculature.