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Flashcards in Spleen Deck (150)
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1

Although the spleen is located near the stomach it plays no part in _____.

digestion

2

The spleen is elongate-_____ in shape and of a dull _____ color.

oval
purplish

3

The spleen is a _____ organ that lies _____ the stomach, high up on the left side of the abdomen, on a level with the 9 to 11 ribs.



lymphatic
behind

4

The spleen is similar to a _____ in shape and structure but is much _____.

lymph node
larger

5

The spleen is the largest _____ organ in the body.

lymphatic

6

The spleen is a _____ organ that filters damaged cells and delivers _____ to the immune system.

peritoneal
antigens

7

The spleen of an adult human:

1) Weighs about _____ (_____)
2) Is ___-___ ( ___- ___ ) long
3) Is _____ (_____) wide
4) Is _____ (_____) thick.

170 grams (6 ounces)
13-15 cm (5-6 inches) long*
7.5 cm (3 inches) wide
4cm (1.5 inches) thick

*Jennifer says up to 12 cm is the common healthy size

8

The _____ brings blood to the spleen from the heart.

splenic artery

9

The splenic artery enters the spleen through a fissure called the _____ and divides into numerous branches, assuming an appearance rather like a _____; they are sometimes called the _____ arteries.


hilum
brush
brush

10

Blood leaves the spleen through the _____, which becomes part of the _____ that carries the blood to the liver.

splenic vein
MPV

11

The spleen consists of two types of tissue called _____ and _____.

white pulp
red pulp

12

The white pulp of the spleen is lymphatic tissue consisting mainly of _____ around the _____.

lymphocytes
arteries

13

The red pulp consists of venous _____ (cavities) filled with blood and cords of _____ cells, such as _____ and _____.

sinuses
lymphatic
lymphocytes
macrophages

14

The normal spleen:

_____ (increases/decreases) in size and weight with advancing age.

_____ (increases/decreases) in volume while digestion is in progress, and returns to its normal size when it's finished.

The size can vary in size in accordance with the _____ status of the body.

decreases
increases
nutritional

15

The spleen filters blood in much the way that the lymph nodes filter _____. Lymphocytes in the spleen react to _____ in the blood and attempt to destroy them. _____ then engulf the resulting debris, the damaged _____, and the other large particles.

lymph
pathogens
macrophages
cells

16

The spleen, along with the liver, removes old and damaged _____ from the circulating blood.

erythrocytes (RBCs)

17

The spleen can also, like _____, produce new red blood cells. It can accordingly be regarded both as a _____ and as a _____ organ.

bone marrow
hemolytic
hemopoietic

18

The terms hemolytic and hemopoietic come from the Greek: hema: _____; luein: _____; poiein: _____.

blood
to dissolve/destroy
to produce

19

T or F? The spleen is removable.

true

20

In healthy people, the spleen plays a role in immunity against _____.

bacterial infections

21

The shape of the spleen is _____ (adjective).

variable

22

The spleen consists of 2 components at the hilum:

superomedial component
inferolateral component

23

In the TRV plane, the superior part of the spleen has a typical fat _____ shape.

comma

24

In the coronal plane, the spleen has a _____ shape.

inverted comma

25

Why do we scan the spleen coronally?

Because the stomach is anterior to the spleen and is full of air, which makes it impossible to see through.

26

The diaphragm cradles the spleen _____, _____, and _____.

posteriorly
superiorly
laterally

27

If the _____ lobe of the liver is large, it may extend into the LUQ, _____ to the spleen.

left
superior

28

The fundus of the stomach is _____ and _____ to the splenic hilum.

medial
anterior

29

The pancreas tail lies _____ to the stomach and is also _____ and _____ to the splenic hilum.

posterior
medial
anterior

30

What are the 3 organs/parts that are medial and anterior to the splenic hilum?

stomach
pancreatic tail
lesser sac