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Flashcards in IVC Deck (104)
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1

What is the purpose of the IVC?

To transport deoxygenated blood back to the heart and lungs to oxygenate it again

2

What does the venous system contain within the lumen of the vessel that helps the blood move forward?

blood clots
stems
valves
gates

valves

3

If the valves in the venous system are leaking or damaged, what do we call the flow of blood in those vessels when it goes in reverse or backwards?

antegrade
retrograde
rouleaux flow
reverse flow

retrograde

4

T or F? The venous system usually demonstrates pulsatile flow.

false

5

What happens to the venous system if the valsalva maneuver is utilized?

distends and dilates
collapses
becomes pulsatile
forms blood clots

distends and dilates

6

Which vessels join to form the common iliac veins?

external and internal iliac veins

7

The IVC lies ____ to the right kidney and ____ to the liver.

medial
posterior

8

What would be a reason(s) to ultrasound the IVC?

look for thrombus
look for tumor invasion
both a and b
none of the above

both a and b

9

What is rouleaux flow?

fast flow
reversed flow
aggregate of RBC's
no flow at all

aggregate of RBC's

10

The 4 sections of the IVC are

hepatic
pre-renal
renal
post-renal

11

If a tumor is seen in the renal veins, what other vessel would you interrogate?

IVC
Aorta
Gonadal Veins
SMA

IVC

12

Where do the hepatic veins originate?

Liver

13

What vessel(s) drain all of the blood out of the liver?

hepatic veins

14

The RHV empties the RLL, and the LHV empties the LLL. What does the MHV empty?

caudate lobe

15

T or F? The hepatic veins decrease in diameter as they approach the IVC.

False

16

What is the name of the blood flow if it is flowing AWAY from the liver?

hepatofugal

17

What is the opposite of hepatofugal flow?

hepatopedal

18

What other vein enters the LRV instead of the IVC and the left gonadal vein?

left suprarenal vein

19

What does the right gonadal vein drain into?

IVC
Aorta
left gonadal vein
hepatic veins

IVC

20

The major abdominal venous system consists of

IVC (from the common iliac veins to the diaphragm)
Splenic Vein
IMV
SMV
Hepatic Veins
Renal Veins
Portal Veins

21

The PHA shares a partnership with the venous circulatory supply of the liver, which is the

MPV

22

T or F? Venous vessels will demonstrate tube-like structures with well-defined, echogenic walls and an echofree lumen.

True

23

T or F? The walls of ARTERIES and PV STRUCTURES will be more echogenic than the thinner walled VEINS.

True

24

T or F? A vein lumen open and close with respiration.

True

25

The name of the maneuver that produces a variable response in the venous system, allowing dilation and distention with breathing in and out is

Valsalva Maneuver

26

The IVC normally courses through the ____, and lies to the ____ of the AO and is ____ to the vertebral processes.

retroperitoneum
right
anterolateral

27

The IVC lies ____ to the right kidney and ____ to the liver.

medial
posterior

28

The IVC moves ____ as it courses towards the heart.

laterally
superiorly
anteriorly
posteriorly

anteriorly

29

The IVC is normally anechoic, but internal echoes sometimes appear in the IVC and are referred to as ____ AKA _____.

red cell aggregation
Rouleaux Formation

30

T or F? Slow flow is thought to enhance rouleaux formation?

True