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Flashcards in Liver Abnormalities Deck (201)
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1

_____ of the liver is incompatible with life (not having one).

Agenesis

2

Often, with agenesis of the RLL, the _____ lobe is also absent.

caudate

3

T or F? With agenesis, compensatory hypertrophy of the remaining lobes normally occurs and the LFTs are normal.

True

4

This position abnormality is when the liver is found in the left hypochondrium.

situs inversus totalis

5

In congenital diaphragmatic hernias or omphalocele, varying amounts of liver may herniate into the _____ or outside the _____ cavity.

thorax
abdominal

6

If someone has kidney cysts, they probably have _____ cysts too.

liver

7

T or F? Kidney cysts are more common than liver cysts.

True

8

Liver cysts occurrence increases past the age of _____.

80

9

Benign hepatic cysts are _____ (echogenicity) with well-demarcated _____ (thickness) walls and posterior acoustic enhancement.

anechoic
thin

10

Is active intervention of cysts recommended in patients without symptoms?

No

11

Occasionally, the patient may develop pain and fever secondary to cyst hemorrhage or infection. In this case, the cyst may contain internal _____ and _____, a _____ wall, or may appear _____ .

echoes
septations
thickened
solid

12

T or F? Cyst ablation with alcohol can be performed using U/S guidance.

True

13

Rather than ablation with alcohol, what is another treatment for cysts?

surgical excision

14

A hemorrhagic liver cyst will appear as a cyst with _____ _____, accompanied by (2)

internal echoes
acute RUQ pain
decreased hematocrit

15

If you see cysts in the kidneys, always check the _____ for cysts as well.

liver

16

The adult form of _____ _____ disease is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. The frequency with liver cysts in association with this disease is high.

polycystic kidney disease

17

_____ is a term for liver inflammation due to viruses or toxins.

Hepatitis

18

Hepatitis is _____ when it lasts for less than 6 months.

acute

19

This kind of hepatitis is more likely to be asymptomatic in younger people. The convalescent stage is 7 to 10 days, with the total illness lasting 2 to 6 weeks.

acute viral hepatitis

20

If you see a hypoechoic liver parenchyma, hepatomegaly, and hyperechoic PV walls, this is a sign of

acute hepatitis

21

This hepatitis shows diffuse swelling of the hepatocytes, proliferation of Kupffer cells, and infiltration of the portal areas by lymphocytes and monocytes.

acute hepatitis

22

More specific symptoms of acute hepatitis are (6)

profound loss of appetite
aversion to smoking (in smokers)
dark urine
yellowing of the eyes
jaundice
abdominal discomfort

23

These 2 symptoms of the most common presenting symptoms of acute hepatitis.

jaundice
hepatomegaly

24

What are the 6 kinds of hepatits?

A
B
C
D
E
G

25

Hepatitis A is also called

infectious jaundice

26

Hepatitis A is transferred by what route?

fecal-oral

27

Does Hepatitis A have an acute and chronic stage?

No, just acute

28

Hepatitis A occurs most frequently in _____ world countries. There is a vaccine that prevents it for up to _____ years. People with Hep A are advised to _____, _____, _____ . Hep A can spread through consumption of raw sea food or contaminated _____ .

third
10
rest
stay hydrated
avoid alcohol
water

29

Which hepatitis is the least serious?

A

30

The combination of these two forms of hepatitis can cause a _____, and even without cirrhosis, leading to a life-threatening form of fulminant hepatitis.

Hep A and Hep C
superinfection