Aortic disease Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Cardiovascular > Aortic disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aortic disease Deck (14):
1

unequal pulses / BP indicates what condition?

aortic dissection

2

what is the classic triad for AAA rupture?

pain
hypotension
pulsatile abdominal mass

3

what are the treatment options for AAA?

smoking cessation
lipid control
BP control

aspirin
BBs
ACEIs

4

what are the screening recommendations for AAA?

one time screening men 65-75 who have ever smoked

5

what tests are used for aortic aneurysm diagnosis?

CT
MRI
echo

6

DeBakey I aortic dissection occurs where? what is the prognosis?

ascending aorta

very poor

7

DeBakey II aortic dissection occurs where?

ascending aorta

8

DeBakey III aortic dissection occurs where?

descending aorta

9

what is the common quality of pain in patients with an aortic dissection?

ripping / tearing pain with sudden intensity

10

what can be used for management of acute aortic dissection?

IV beta blockers

11

what are the follow ups for serial imaging after aortic dissection?

1, 3, 6, 12 months

12

what test can help locate a type A (ascending) or type B (descending) aortic dissection?

CTA

13

which type of aortic dissection is a medical emergency?

type A (ascending)

14

what should be done with dP/dt and atherosclerosis in the context of aortic dissection?

decrease