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Flashcards in Appraisal Deck (48):
1

Assessment

Process of accessing or estimating attributes

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Subjective Test

No right or wrong. Scoring is based on scorer's opinion

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Projective Test

Rorschach test or picture/story telling test, gives the interpreter a better

understanding of the test taker’s attributes or thought processes, free association (when I say

____ what do you think of), completion (finish a sentence), and construction (picture drawing)

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Free Choice Test

No options given (short answer)

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Forced Choice Test

Answer options given (multiple choice)

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Difficulty Index

Percentage of people that answered the question correctly

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Recognition Testing

Multiple choice, options given, test taker doesn't need to fully generate the answer

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Ipsative

Compares traits in an individual, compares the test takers scores to their own standard of behavior (how does the test taker’s level of achievement compare to the test taker’s level of motivation)

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Normative

compares traits to other’s traits (how does the test taker compare to the population)

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Speed Test

No one should be able to finish, difficulty is in the time limitation not the subject matter (multiplication tables)

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Power Test

Evaluates mastery, has no time limit (final exam)

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Achievement Test

Looks at maximum performance

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Personality Test/Interest Inventory

Measures typical performance

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Spiral Test

Gets more difficult as the test continues

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Cyclical Test

Has sections built in the test that get progressively harder and then go back to the baseline

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Test Battery

Several tests given to access a trait or person as a whole

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Parallel or Equivalent Forms

Tests ask different questions but have the same mean, standard error, and test the same thing

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Validity

Number one factor in test construction, does the test measure what it is supposed to measure? A VALID TEST IS ALWAYS RELIABLE

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Content Validity

Does the test look at the theoretical construct specifically from different angles?

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Construct Validity

Does the test measure a theoretical construct (achievement, interest, etc.) traits that you cannot observe?

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Concurrent Validity

Does this test compare to other tests that measure the same thing?

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Predictive/Empirical Validity

Does the test predict future behavior?

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Consequential Validity

Does using the test have social implications?

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Face Validity

Does the test look like it measures the intended attribute or trait

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Convergent Validity

Used to establish construct/criterion validity by comparing test scores to an outside source (like a different test that measures the same thing)

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Discriminant Validity

The test should not measure unrelated variables (if you are using a test for stress it should not also measure IQ)

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Reliability

Second most important factor in test construction, do the measurements remain consistent over repeated tests? If you give someone the same test again and hold all things constant, will they get the same score? A reliability coefficient of 1.00 is perfect. A TEST CAN BE RELIABLE AND NOT VALID

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Equivalent/Alternate Forms Reliability

One group of test takers take multiple forms of the same test

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Test-Retest Reliability

One group of test takers take the same test at least twice

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Split-Half Method

One test is split in half and each half is given to test takers (test takers do not take both halves of the test)

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Interrater/Interobserver Reliability

Used with non-forced choice tests, multiple raters give the same score to the same test

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Internal Consistency Reliability

Does each item measure the same thing as every other item? Can be established using the Kuder-Richardson coefficient of equivalence if you don’t want to split the test in half

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Coefficient of Determination

This is correlation squared, If the correlation between the first administration and the second administration is .5 then the coefficient of determination is .25 which means the true variance (or shared variance between both) is 25%

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IQ

Intelligence quotient, formula is mental age/chronological age X 100, found to be normally distributed by Francis Galton, first IQ test created by Binet and Simon,

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Stanford-Binet IQ test

A standardized measure, used from 2-adulthood, uses the standard age score instead of the IQ formula, mean of 100 and standard deviation of 16

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Wechsler Adult IQ Test (WAIS-III)

Uses 7 verbal scales and 7 performance scales, for adults, mean of 100 and standard deviation of 15

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WPPSI-III

Used for ages 2 years 6 months to 7 years 3 months

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WISC-IV

Used for kids 6-16 years 11 months

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J.P. Guilford

Discovered 120 factors that make up intellegence

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BITCH Test

Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity, created by Robert Williams inresponse to an article written by Arthur Jenson that accused IQ tests of scientific racism

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MMPI-2

Standardized Personality Test

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Psychometric

Any type of mental testing

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16 PF

Developed by Raymond Cattell, measures personality

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MBTI

Developed by Carl Jung

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Mental Measurements Yearbook

Explaination of psychometric tests first compiled by Buros

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Aptitude

A Person's potential, natural ability to do something

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Acheivement

What has been learned or mastered

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Standard Error of Measurement

How accurate a test score is (SEM of 5 and a score of 126 means the person’s true score range is 121 – 131)