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Flashcards in Families, Diagnosis, and Advanced Concepts Deck (32):
1

Families, Fast Facts

Marriage and Family issues is the fastest growing client population.
Family Equilibrium is equivalent to homeostasis
Adaptability in the family is shown through balancing stability (morphostasis) and change (morphogenesis).

2

Circular/Reciprocal Dynamics

Most family counselors believe this is the largest impact on the family (deals with family dynamics)

3

Cybernetics

Created in the 40’s by Norbert Weiner explains family feedback loops that help correct the a family system

4

Morphostasis

Balancing Stability

5

Morphogenisis

Balancing Change

6

Aspirational Ethics

Ideal or optimal practice

7

Experiential or Conjoint Family Therapy

Developed by Satir and believed the family could be
healed with love, goal to improve intrafamily communication involves defensive postures known
as placating, blaming, being overly reasonable, and being irrelavent

8

Structural Family Therapy

Developed by Minuchin, believed that science techniques must be utilized not just implementing love, utilizes boundary development, uses Mimesis or copying the family style, therapist joins the family

9

Systems Theory Model

Developed by Bertalanffy, means the connectedness of all living things, family has rules, patterns that connect members

10

Carl Whitaker

Experiential family therapist, tried to join the family as much as possible, often utilized co-therapists

11

Quid Pro Quo

You get something for giving something

12

Reciprocity

Like quid pro quo, members are willing to give more if they feel appreciated and get help/thoughts/actions back

13

Divorce

Common in the US, divorcee’s often remarry

14

Psychodynamic Family Counseling

Associated with Ackerman, interested in the internal
thoughts of individual members, uses term Object that is a person a child wants to bond with, Introjects internalizes positives and negatives of objects in themselves, Splitting is seeing something as all good or all bad, Framo and Skynner also follow this theory

15

Strategic Therapy

Madanes and Haley, develop strategies or plans for each specific problem in the family, believes in giving directives

16

Double Bind

Strategic Therapy

A no win situation, Paradoxical

17

Intervention

Strategic Therapy

Requesting something as the therapist but hoping for the opposite

18

Prescribing the Symptom

Strategic Therapy

Asking your clients to do what they are complaining about

19

Reframing/Relabling

Strategic Therapy

Describing a situation in a more positive context

20

Restraining

Strategic Therapy

Warning about the negative consequences of remaining the same this often reduces resistance

21

Positioning

Strategic Therapy

Counselor accepts and exaggerates the client position

22

Intergenerational Family Therapy

Developed by Bowen, Triangulation is when a dyad goes to a third person in times of stress, Differentiation is separating one’s self from others, utilizes genograms, believe that all parties alive and dead impact the family system

23

Cultural Encapsulation

Therapist pushing their cultural agenda on a client

24

Disengaged

Emotional and mental distance from family or others

25

Enmeshment

No boundaries, roles and members are integrated beyond definition

26

First Order Change

Superficial change

27

Second Order Change

Deep, meaningful, lasting change

28

Solution Oriented Therapy

O’Hanlan, Berg, Shazer, and Davis focus on the future

29

Narrative Therapy

Postmodern/constructivism, believes that clients construct/invent their own worlds

30

Brief Solution Focused Therapy

Developed by Shazer, uses skeleton keys or techniques that are standard and work for most clients

31

Mental Retardation

Must have an IQ score of 70 or below and have onset before 18

32

EQ

Emotional quotioent