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Flashcards in Professional Orientation and Ethics Deck (15):
1

Autonomy

principle that addresses the concept of independence. The essence of this principle is allowing an individual the freedom of choice and action. It addresses the
responsibility of the counselor to encourage clients, when appropriate, to make their own decisions and to act on their own values. There are two important considerations in encouraging clients to be autonomous. First, helping the client to understand how their decisions and their values may or may not be received within the context of the society in which they live, and how they may impinge on the rights of others. The second
consideration is related to the client's ability to make sound and rational decisions. Persons not capable of making competent choices, such as children, and some individuals with mental handicaps, should not be allowed to act on decisions that could harm themselves or others

2

Nonmaleficence

Concept of not causing harm to others. Often explained as "above all do no harm", this principle is considered by some to be the most critical of all the principles, even though theoretically they are all of equal weight (Kitchener, 1984; Rosenbaum, 1982; Stadler, 1986). This principle reflects both the idea of not inflicting intentional harm, and not engaging in actions that risk harming others (Forester-Miller & Rubenstein, 1992).

3

Beneficence

Reflects the counselor's responsibility to contribute to the welfare of the client. Simply stated it means to do good, to be proactive and also to prevent harm when
possible (Forester-Miller & Rubenstein, 1992).

4

Justice

Does not mean treating all individuals the same. Kitchener (1984) points out that the formal meaning of justice is "treating equals equally and unequals unequally but in proportion to their relevant differences" (p.49). If an individual is to be treated differently, the counselor needs to be able to offer a rationale that explains the necessity and appropriateness of treating this individual differently.

5

Fidelity

Involves the notions of loyalty, faithfulness, and honoring commitments. Clients must be able to trust the counselor and have faith in the therapeutic relationship if growth is to occur. Therefore, the counselor must take care not to threaten the therapeutic relationship nor to leave obligations unfulfilled.

6

Warning Signs for Suicide

Joking about suicide, giving away property, previous attempts, detailed plan, saying goodbye

7

Statement of Disclosure

Includes: counselor qualifications, theoretical orientation, crisis information, hours, billing, confideniality

8

Privileged Communication

Legal term that protects what a client says to a counselor, laws vary from state to state

9

Reciprocity

Having the ability to become licensed in another state based on your license in the current state

10

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) 1974

Parents/guardians can see a minor’s school records and legal adults can see their school records

11

Computer Managed Counseling

Computers deal with scheduling, canceling, bookkeeping, etc.

12

Computer Assisted Counseling

Counseling is done via the computer

13

Consultation

Peer to peer communication about client concerns, relationship is voluntary

14

Referrals

Should be done with the clients issues are out of your scope or training, there is an unethical dual relationship issue, client needs different services, client is moving, you are no longer working, etc.

15

PL94-142

Education Act for All Handicapped Children states that children between 5-21 receive free education, should have the least restrictive environment, receive an individualized education plan