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Flashcards in Areas of Clinical Focus Deck (293)
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1

Self Efficacy

an individual's belief that he or she can perform some necessary task, frequently affects the career decision-making process

2

Psychosexual Stage: Oral

birth - 1 year old

Orally aggressive: chewing gum and the ends of pencils, etc.
Orally passive: smoking, eating, kissing, oral sexual practices[4]
Oral stage fixation might result in a passive, gullible, immature, manipulative personality.

3

Psychosexual Stage: Anal

1 - 3 years old

Anal retentive: Obsessively organized, or excessively neat
Anal expulsive: reckless, careless, defiant, disorganized, coprophiliac

4

Psychosexual Stage: Phallic

3 - 6 years old

Oedipus complex (in boys and girls); according to Sigmund Freud.
Electra complex (in girls); according to Carl Jung. Promiscuity and low self-esteem in both sexes.

5

Psychosexual Stage: Latency

6 - puberty

Immaturity and an inability to form fulfilling non-sexual relationships as an adult if fixation occurs in this stage.

6

Psychosexual Stage: Genital

puberty - death

Frigidity, impotence, sexual perversion, great difficulty in forming a healthy sexual relationship with another person

7

John Holland

Career theory that career choice is an expression of personality

8

John Holland: Realistic Type

doers (explicit tasks requiring physical work, e.g., mechanic)

9

John Holland: Investigative Type

thinkers (intellectual and prefers systematic, creative activities)

10

John Holland: Artistic Type

creators

11

John Holland: Social Type

helpers (enjoys interacting with and helping others)

12

John Holland: Enterprising Type

persuaders (prefers leadership roles)

13

John Holland: Conventional Type

organizers (practical and ordered)

14

World-of-Work-Map

a tool developed by ACT that organizes occupations based on primary tasks involving people, data, things, and ideas.

15

Ego-syntonic

refers to instincts or ideas that are acceptable to the self; that are compatible with one's values and ways of thinking. They are consistent with one's fundamental personality and beliefs.

16

ego-Dysntonic

Ego-dystonic refers to thoughts, impulses, and behaviors that are felt to be repugnant, distressing, unacceptable or inconsistent with one's self-concept.

17

Prevalence

refers to how many, or what percent, of a population is affected by something. In this situation, there is an 8% prevalence rate of depression.

18

Incidence

is the number of new cases that occur within a given time frame.

19

Prognosis

is the anticipated course of a disorder, and etiology refers to the factor(s) that cause a disorder.

20

What does a mental status exam include?

typically includes appearance and behavior, thought processes, mood and affect, intellectual functioning, and sensorium

21

Sensorium

refers to the client's ability to be aware of the location, the time, and their identity.

22

H B Gelatt presents a five-step process for making decisions about careers:

recognize the need to make a decision, collect data, examine potential outcomes, attend to your value system, and make a temporary or permanent decision.

23

How can we change the amount of neurotransmitters in the brain?

Counseling:

through counseling with various techniques and approaches, the rate and amounts of neurotransmitters in the brain can change.

through participation in cognitive behavioral therapy the levels of these neurotransmitters can be increased, resulting in alleviation of symptoms.

24

Linda Gottfredson

is known for her career development theory "Circumscription and Compromise," which focuses on children's vocational development processes.

25

Mark Savickas'

theory of career counseling is based on career construction theory, and he believes career counselors assist clients in making sense of their life and work.

26

Prognosis

hey are referring to the likelihood that the individual will recover, stabilize, or otherwise be able to function in the future.

27

Etiology

refers to the cause of a disorder.

28

Prevalence

is what proportion of the population has a disorder.

29

Incidence

is how many new cases occur within a given time frame.

30

Five Categories of Behavioral Disruption DSM-5

feeding and eating disorders, elimination disorders, sleep-wake disorders, sexual dysfunctions, and paraphilic disorders.