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Flashcards in Treatment Planning Deck (61)
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avoiding harm



respecting the client's right to self-determination



treating individuals fairly



honoring commitments



being honest and truthful


Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is based on:

the belief that the way we interpret events, not the actual events themselves, is most important.


5 parts of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT):

REBT involves five parts: an action (A) that occurs externally from the individual; a belief (B) that is a form of self-verbalization; a consequent affect (C) that can be rational or irrational; disputing (D) the irrational belief that leads to the behavior; and an effect (E), the change in the self-verbalization.


Needs Assessment:

is an important element of program planning, as it defines the differences between what currently exists and what is needed or desired to change the situation.


How are needs assessments conducted?

Needs assessments can be conducted through questionnaires, surveys, interviews, focus groups, or other methods. Random sampling should be used when possible in order to obtain an accurate representation of needs.


How many division in the American Counseling Association (ACA)?

The American Counseling Association (ACA) consists of 20 divisions.


Salvador Minuchin :

is best known for his development of structural family therapy, which is concerned with the transactional patterns between family members. The structure of these transactional patterns is the focus of family therapy, as the therapist attempts to change the patterns in order to redefine boundaries and restructure the family system.


Privileged Communication:

is a legal term that refers to the fact that in a court of law the counselor does not have to reveal what the client said during counseling sessions. 


In what instances are counselors obligated to break privileged communications?

obligated to break privileged communication in several situations, including times when the client is a danger to himself or others, when child abuse or neglect is suspected, when a client asks that counseling records be released, when a lawsuit is filed against the counselor, when involuntary hospitalization is considered, when supervision of the counselor is taking place, or when the counselor's records are subpoenaed by a judge.


Steps in programming planning:

Essential steps in program planning, in order, are conceptualization, which includes examining broader systems, establishing a philosophy, and assessing needs; development of goals and objectives of the program; implementation; and evaluation of the program, including whether goals and objectives were met.


Warning Signs Suicide:

signs of suicide, including previous attempts, verbal threats of suicide, having a plan in place and access to fatal means, depression and hopelessness, giving belongings away, and a history of drug or alcohol abuse


If a client is in imminent danger or suicide?

Counselors who determine that clients are an imminent danger to themselves (or others) are obligated to protect the client. The counselor in this question should advise the client to seek emergency treatment at a hospital or crisis center; if the client refuses to seek treatment then the counselor may be required to obtain an involuntary commitment.


Why assign diagnostic codes to client?

counselors often assign diagnostic codes in order to guide intervention and treatment and to better conceptualize the client's symptoms.

Counselors should never assign diagnostic codes to obtain reimbursement from insurance companies or to give clients a reason to continue with counseling.

Diagnostic codes simply classify collections of symptoms, but often don't clearly explain why clients are experiencing the symptoms.


Transactional Analysis:

Eric Berne is the founder of transactional analysis, which is based on the idea that a life script develops in clients' childhoods and influences a lifetime of behaviors. The goal of transactional analysis is to recognize ego state functioning and analyze one's own transactions with others.


Who came up with transactional analysis?

Eric Berne


What is transactional analysis?

idea that a life script develops in clients' childhoods and influences a lifetime of behaviors.


Goal of transactional analysis?

is to recognize ego state functioning and analyze one's own transactions with others.


Gestalt therapy:

 is a client-centered approach to psychotherapy that helps clients focus on the present and understand what is really happening in their lives right now, rather than what they may perceive to be happening based on past experience


Existential therapy: 

is a unique form of psychotherapy that looks to explore difficulties from a philosophical perspective. Focusing on the human condition as a whole, existential therapy highlights our capacities and encourages us to take responsibility for our successes


Narrative therapy:

 is a form of psychotherapy that seeks to help patients identify their values and the skills associated with them. It provides the patient with knowledge of their ability to live these values so they can effectively confront current and future problems.


The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA), also known as the Buckley Amendment:

was created with the intent of protecting the privacy of students. FERPA allows students age 18 and older to access information in their educational records, not necessarily their counseling records. FERPA also allows parents of students under age 18 to access educational records.


William Glasser

developed reality therapy


Reality Therapy:

William Glasser

asserts that individuals are in charge of their own lives and therefore determine their own fate.


Reality Therapy Genetic Needs:

William Glasser

five genetically based needs: survival, love and belonging, power or achievement, freedom or independence, and fun. Taking responsibility is a key concept of reality therapy.


Adventure-based counseling:

designed for children and adults. This type of counseling consists of an experiential set of outdoor activities such as challenge courses, hiking, camping, and other activities designed for individuals or groups. The goals of adventure-based counseling include increased self-awareness and self-confidence, improved communication skills, and camaraderie.


Under the ___ Act, mental health services are treated the same as medical services.

Affordable Care Act (2010)