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Flashcards in Aristotle Deck (26)
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1

aristotle

- born in Greece
- plato was his teacher at plato academy
- property dualist
- empiricist

2

form

the purpose of things

3

form of the human

3. vegetative
2. appetitive
1. reason

4

"worthy of the beasts"

pleasure isn't our main function

5

cause

explanatory factor for something

6

philosophy

knowledge of causes of things

7

experience

knowledge of the particulars

8

teleos

an end of things

9

hylomorphism

change in a substance

10

matter

- material things
- persists in change

11

form

- teleos/purpose
- changes

12

substance

composed from matter and form

13

formal cause

model upon which something is made

14

efficient cause

the means by which a thing comes into existence

15

material cause

what something is made of

16

final cause

goal or teleos of a thing

17

4 causes of change

formal
efficient
material
final

18

eudaimonia

using reason and is the final cause of humans

19

potentiality

a power to become something

20

characteristics of prime mover

- is necessary
- not capable of change
- pure actuality
- pure good
- perfect
- final cause

21

change

everything is going from actuality, to potentiality to a new actuality

22

how does the universe relate to God?

- as a leader
- in the order of the universe

23

prime mover

he is the cause of the world but not the creator/designer, it is just in his nature to attract things and make them move (compare to the form of the good)

24

criticisms of the causes

- a purpose for something is subjective
- atheists argue we have no purpose and are here by chance
- our senses aren't always accurate

25

advantages of the prime mover

- impassive prime mover is more logical than a perfect God
- avoids the problem of evil

26

disadvantages of the prime mover

- if he is pure thought, how did he cause matter as things are caused by like things
- not good enough for religious believers as they can't worship him
- we might be here by chance