Socrates/Plato Flashcards Preview

Philosophy > Socrates/Plato > Flashcards

Flashcards in Socrates/Plato Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

Socrates

- 470 to 399BC
- founder of philosophy
- drank poison for corrupting the youth of Athens

2

shadows represented

empiricism
imagination

3

escaped prisoners rerpesented

philosophers

4

prisoners represented

society

5

real objects represented

rational knowledge
thought

6

reality in the cave

1. shadows
2. statues/fire

7

reality outside the cave

3. real objects
4. the sun

8

anamnesis

you are born possessing all knowledge

9

metaphysics

the nature of things/reality

10

epistemology

the nature of knowledge

11

puppets represented

belief

12

sun represented

understanding

13

realm of the forms

- ideals of all that exists
- real and unchanging
- immortal soul
- highest realm

14

realm of the particulars

- all physical things
- unreal and changing
- body
- physical

15

empiricism

knowledge through experience

16

rationalism

knowledge though reason

17

necessary truth

true by definition

18

factual/contingent truth

particular to a situation and requires testing

19

analytic statement

breaks down a term

20

synthetic statment

adds something to a term

21

tautology

circular statement

22

"the kindling of a flame"

- Socrates
- knowledge is innate, so education is bringing this knowledge back

23

the form of the good

- most important realm
- goodness is the purest and furthest thing from the physical world
- we can recognise it, but not fully experience it

24

anamnesis

you are born possessing all knowledge

25

the divided line

the stages that the prisoner passes through is split into the intelligible realm (outside) and the visible realm (in the cave)

26

4 parts to the divided line

1. imagination (shadows)
2. belief (statues)
3. thought (outside objects)
4. understanding (the sun)

27

John Locke

we were born as a blank slate or 'tabula rasa' without any knowledge

28

Chomsky

children are born with innate knowledge of language as their knowledge goes beyond what they have learnt through listening

29

the slave boy

- a slave boy is asked to solve a geometry problem which he does with guided help from socrates
- socrates argues the boy must have gained this knowledge already, as he knew it, he just needed help recollecting it
- he did not learn it in this life so it must have been innate