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Flashcards in Conscience Deck (23)
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1

structure of the Psyche

1. the ID
2. superego
3. ego

2

the ID

- selfish part that craves gratification
- it's unconscious and we were born with it
- contains our fears, needs and violence impulses

3

superego

- developed in the phallic stage
- in the conscience
- contains guilt, morals and our sense of right or wrong
- can be regarded as an internalisation of family and society's ideas

4

ego

- balances out the ID and superego
- is the mediator of the mind

5

levels of consciousness

- subconscious
- conscious
- unconscious

6

subconscious

contains all our memories and knowledge

7

conscious

contains our thoughts that require no effort to gain

8

unconscious

- our desires for sex and violence
- based on shameful experiences in our life
- we suppress these desires as they're not accepted in society
- biggest part of the psyche

9

stages of psychosexual development

1. oral
2. anal
3. phallic
4. latent
5. genital

10

oral stage

obsession with the mouth and is when the ego develops

11

anal stage

obsession with the anus and faeces

12

phallic stage

learns about genitals and masturbation

13

latent stage

little or no sexual motivation

14

genital stage

sexual intercourse

15

St Augustine

- it's the voice of God telling us whats right or wrong
- all goodness comes from God
- there's absolute clarity on what we should do

16

Cardinal Newman

it's the voice of God through a messenger

17

Joseph Butler

- it's a God given capacity to make decisions
- we are required to make our own judgement

18

Aquinas

- we have a natural and God given ability to make decisions
- calls this the Synderesis rule
- we can still make mistakes as we are human

19

Piaget

- it's based on society until aged 11
- as our minds develop more, we develop our own conscience

20

Fromm

- first though it cam from a fear of displeasing people
- then we all have the ability to make our own decisions

21

Freud

- was the founder of Psychoanalysis which discovered ideas in peoples unconscious
- these were repressed feelings from difficult experiences in peoples lives

22

autonomous

we create our own authority

23

heteronomous

other people's decision of authority