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Flashcards in Artists Deck (170)
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1
Who is:

Rembrandt

  • Dutch painter and etcher of the 17th century
  • Prominent member of the Dutch Golden Age, a period of great wealth and cultural achievement in the Netherlands
  • Best known for his portraits, self-portraits, and illustrations of scenes from the Bible
  • His major works include Danaë and Night Watch

2
Who is:

Édouard Manet

  • French painter of the 19th century
  • Important figure in the genesis of modern art
  • Major contributor to the transition from Realism to Impressionism
  • His major works include The Luncheon on the Grass, Olympia, and Fifer

3
Who is:

Claude Monet

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a founder of Impressionism
  • His major works include Impression, Sunrise and Water Lilies

4
Who is:

Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Italian Renaissance polymath of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Famed for his diverse talents and interests in the arts and sciences
  • Considered the archetypical Renaissance man
  • His major works include the paintings The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and the drawing The Vetruvian Man

5
Who is:

Pablo Picasso

  • Spanish painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement and for the diverse styles he explored throughout his prolific career
  • He lived most of his adult life in France, as a staunch opponent of the Fascist Franco regime in his native Spain
  • His major works include Guernica, an anti-war mural, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

6
Who is:

Michelangelo

  • Italian sculptor, painter, and architect of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Considered a Renaissance man rivalled only by Leonardo da Vinci, he excelled in a variety of artistic disciplines
  • Best known for the sculptures David and Pièta, the fresco painting The Creation of Adam on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and for redesigning Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican

7
Who is:

Salvador Dalí

  • Spanish painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for the bizarre and confounding images in his surrealist work
  • His major works include The Persistence of Memory, famously depicting melting clocks, and Swans Reflecting Elephants

8
Who is:

Sandro Boticelli

  • Italian painter of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • He was an Early Renaissance student of the Florentine School, often commissioned by the Medici family
  • His major works include The Birth of Venus and Primavera

9
Who is:

Andy Warhol

  • American artist of the 20th century
  • Best known as a founder of and leading figure in the Pop Art movement
  • His studio, The Factory, was emblematic of the Swinging Sixties lifestyle
  • His major works include the film Chelsea Girls and the painting Campbell's Soup Cans

10
Who is:

Marcel Duchamp

  • French artist of the 20th century
  • Associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements
  • He challenged conventional thought on the nature of art and thus helped shape the development of modern art in the 20th century
  • He famously dubbed a urinal, The Fountain, art among other "Readymades", found objects that he considered art
  • His major works include Nude Descending Staircase and The Large Glass

11
Who is:

Georgia O'Keeffe

  • American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for her large-scale close-up paintings of blossoms and New York City buildings
  • She moved to New Mexico later in life and focused most of her work on regional subjects
  • Her major works include Blue and Green Music, Pineapple Bud, and Ram's Head White Hollyhock and Little Hills

12
Who is:

Frida Kahlo

  • Mexican painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for her self-portraits
  • Famously married to fellow Mexican artist Diego Rivera
  • Her work is praised for its nationalistic and feminist undertones

13
Who is:

Ansel Adams

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Famous for his large-scale black-and-white photographs of the American wilderness, especially Yosemite National Park
  • He helped develop the Zone System as a photographic technique to determine contrast and exposure

14
Who is:

Annie Leibovitz

  • American photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for her portrait photographs of celebrities
  • Her work has adorned the covers of Rolling Stone and Vanity Fair magazines

15
Who is:

Dorothea Lange

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for her work documenting Depression-era workers for the Farm Security Administration
  • Her most famous picture, Migrant Mother, has become synonymous with the Great Depression

16
Who is:

Richard Avedon

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known as a portrait and fashion photographer
  • He captured portraits of rock and roll bands such as the Beatles
  • Later in life, he worked as the staff photographer of The New Yorker magazine

17
Who is:

Diane Arbus

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for her black-and-white photogrpahs of people on the margins of society

18
Who is:

Helmut Newton

  • German-Australian photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known as a fashion photographer who produced provocative black-and-white photos for Vogue among other publications

19
Who is:

Andreas Gursky

  • German photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Known for his large-scale landscape and architecture photographs
  • His photographs are, as of 2012, the most expensive ever sold

20
Who is:

Walker Evans

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for his work documenting the effects of the Great Depression for the Farm Security Administration
  • He famously said he wanted his pictures to be "literate, authoritative, transcendent"

21
Name the artist:

  • Dutch painter and etcher of the 17th century
  • Prominent member of the Dutch Golden Age, a period of great wealth and cultural achievement in the Netherlands
  • Best known for his portraits, self-portraits, and illustrations of scenes from the Bible
  • His major works include Danaë and Night Watch

Rembrandt

22
Name the artist:

  • French painter of the 19th century
  • Important figure in the genesis of modern art
  • Major contributor to the transition from Realism to Impressionism
  • His major works include The Luncheon on the Grass, Olympia, and Fifer

Édouard Manet

23
Name the artist:

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a founder of Impressionism
  • His major works include Impression, Sunrise and Water Lilies

Claude Monet

24
Name the artist:

  • Italian Renaissance polymath of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Famed for his diverse talents and interests in the arts and sciences
  • Considered the archetypical Renaissance man
  • His major works include the paintings The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and the drawing The Vetruvian Man

Leonardo Da Vinci

25
Name the artist:

  • Spanish painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement and for the diverse styles he explored throughout his prolific career
  • He lived most of his adult life in France, as a staunch opponent of the Fascist Franco regime in his native Spain
  • His major works include Guernica, an anti-war mural, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Pablo Picasso

26
Name the artist:

  • Italian sculptor, painter, and architect of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Considered a Renaissance man rivalled only by Leonardo da Vinci, he excelled in a variety of artistic disciplines
  • Best known for the sculptures David and Pièta, the fresco painting The Creation of Adam on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and for redesigning Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican

Michelangelo

27
Name the artist:

  • Spanish painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for the bizarre and confounding images in his surrealist work
  • His major works include The Persistence of Memory, famously depicting melting clocks, and Swans Reflecting Elephants

Salvador Dalí

28
Name the artist:

  • Italian painter of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • He was an Early Renaissance student of the Florentine School, often commissioned by the Medici family
  • His major works include The Birth of Venus and Primavera

Sandro Boticelli

29
Name the artist:

  • American artist of the 20th century
  • Best known as a founder of and leading figure in the Pop Art movement
  • His studio, The Factory, was emblematic of the Swinging Sixties lifestyle
  • His major works include the film Chelsea Girls and the painting Campbell's Soup Cans

Andy Warhol

30
Name the artist:

  • French artist of the 20th century
  • Associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements
  • He challenged conventional thought on the nature of art and thus helped shape the development of modern art in the 20th century
  • He famously dubbed a urinal, The Fountain, art among other "Readymades", found objects that he considered art
  • His major works include Nude Descending Staircase and The Large Glass

Marcel Duchamp