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Flashcards in Artists Deck (170):
1

Rembrandt

  • Dutch painter and etcher of the 17th century
  • Prominent member of the Dutch Golden Age, a period of great wealth and cultural achievement in the Netherlands
  • Best known for his portraits, self-portraits, and illustrations of scenes from the Bible
  • His major works include Danaë and Night Watch

2

Édouard Manet

  • French painter of the 19th century
  • Important figure in the genesis of modern art
  • Major contributor to the transition from Realism to Impressionism
  • His major works include The Luncheon on the Grass, Olympia, and Fifer

3

Claude Monet

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a founder of Impressionism
  • His major works include Impression, Sunrise and Water Lilies

4

Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Italian Renaissance polymath of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Famed for his diverse talents and interests in the arts and sciences
  • Considered the archetypical Renaissance man
  • His major works include the paintings The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and the drawing The Vetruvian Man

5

Pablo Picasso

  • Spanish painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement and for the diverse styles he explored throughout his prolific career
  • He lived most of his adult life in France, as a staunch opponent of the Fascist Franco regime in his native Spain
  • His major works include Guernica, an anti-war mural, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

6

Michelangelo

  • Italian sculptor, painter, and architect of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Considered a Renaissance man rivalled only by Leonardo da Vinci, he excelled in a variety of artistic disciplines
  • Best known for the sculptures David and Pièta, the fresco painting The Creation of Adam on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and for redesigning Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican

7

Salvador Dalí

  • Spanish painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for the bizarre and confounding images in his surrealist work
  • His major works include The Persistence of Memory, famously depicting melting clocks, and Swans Reflecting Elephants

8

Sandro Boticelli

  • Italian painter of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • He was an Early Renaissance student of the Florentine School, often commissioned by the Medici family
  • His major works include The Birth of Venus and Primavera

9

Andy Warhol

  • American artist of the 20th century
  • Best known as a founder of and leading figure in the Pop Art movement
  • His studio, The Factory, was emblematic of the Swinging Sixties lifestyle
  • His major works include the film Chelsea Girls and the painting Campbell's Soup Cans

10

Marcel Duchamp

  • French artist of the 20th century
  • Associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements
  • He challenged conventional thought on the nature of art and thus helped shape the development of modern art in the 20th century
  • He famously dubbed a urinal, The Fountain, art among other "Readymades", found objects that he considered art
  • His major works include Nude Descending Staircase and The Large Glass

11

Georgia O'Keeffe

  • American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for her large-scale close-up paintings of blossoms and New York City buildings
  • She moved to New Mexico later in life and focused most of her work on regional subjects
  • Her major works include Blue and Green Music, Pineapple Bud, and Ram's Head White Hollyhock and Little Hills

12

Frida Kahlo

  • Mexican painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for her self-portraits
  • Famously married to fellow Mexican artist Diego Rivera
  • Her work is praised for its nationalistic and feminist undertones

13

Ansel Adams

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Famous for his large-scale black-and-white photographs of the American wilderness, especially Yosemite National Park
  • He helped develop the Zone System as a photographic technique to determine contrast and exposure

14

Annie Leibovitz

  • American photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for her portrait photographs of celebrities
  • Her work has adorned the covers of Rolling Stone and Vanity Fair magazines

15

Dorothea Lange

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for her work documenting Depression-era workers for the Farm Security Administration
  • Her most famous picture, Migrant Mother, has become synonymous with the Great Depression

16

Richard Avedon

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known as a portrait and fashion photographer
  • He captured portraits of rock and roll bands such as the Beatles
  • Later in life, he worked as the staff photographer of The New Yorker magazine

17

Diane Arbus

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for her black-and-white photogrpahs of people on the margins of society

18

Helmut Newton

  • German-Australian photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known as a fashion photographer who produced provocative black-and-white photos for Vogue among other publications

19

Andreas Gursky

  • German photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Known for his large-scale landscape and architecture photographs
  • His photographs are, as of 2012, the most expensive ever sold

20

Walker Evans

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for his work documenting the effects of the Great Depression for the Farm Security Administration
  • He famously said he wanted his pictures to be "literate, authoritative, transcendent"

21

  • Dutch painter and etcher of the 17th century
  • Prominent member of the Dutch Golden Age, a period of great wealth and cultural achievement in the Netherlands
  • Best known for his portraits, self-portraits, and illustrations of scenes from the Bible
  • His major works include Danaë and Night Watch

Rembrandt

22

  • French painter of the 19th century
  • Important figure in the genesis of modern art
  • Major contributor to the transition from Realism to Impressionism
  • His major works include The Luncheon on the Grass, Olympia, and Fifer

Édouard Manet

23

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a founder of Impressionism
  • His major works include Impression, Sunrise and Water Lilies

Claude Monet

24

  • Italian Renaissance polymath of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Famed for his diverse talents and interests in the arts and sciences
  • Considered the archetypical Renaissance man
  • His major works include the paintings The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and the drawing The Vetruvian Man

Leonardo Da Vinci

25

  • Spanish painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement and for the diverse styles he explored throughout his prolific career
  • He lived most of his adult life in France, as a staunch opponent of the Fascist Franco regime in his native Spain
  • His major works include Guernica, an anti-war mural, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Pablo Picasso

26

  • Italian sculptor, painter, and architect of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Considered a Renaissance man rivalled only by Leonardo da Vinci, he excelled in a variety of artistic disciplines
  • Best known for the sculptures David and Pièta, the fresco painting The Creation of Adam on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and for redesigning Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican

Michelangelo

27

  • Spanish painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for the bizarre and confounding images in his surrealist work
  • His major works include The Persistence of Memory, famously depicting melting clocks, and Swans Reflecting Elephants

Salvador Dalí

28

  • Italian painter of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • He was an Early Renaissance student of the Florentine School, often commissioned by the Medici family
  • His major works include The Birth of Venus and Primavera

Sandro Boticelli

29

  • American artist of the 20th century
  • Best known as a founder of and leading figure in the Pop Art movement
  • His studio, The Factory, was emblematic of the Swinging Sixties lifestyle
  • His major works include the film Chelsea Girls and the painting Campbell's Soup Cans

Andy Warhol

30

  • French artist of the 20th century
  • Associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements
  • He challenged conventional thought on the nature of art and thus helped shape the development of modern art in the 20th century
  • He famously dubbed a urinal, The Fountain, art among other "Readymades", found objects that he considered art
  • His major works include Nude Descending Staircase and The Large Glass

Marcel Duchamp

31

  • American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for her large-scale close-up paintings of blossoms and New York City buildings
  • She moved to New Mexico later in life and focused most of her work on regional subjects
  • Her major works include Blue and Green Music, Pineapple Bud, and Ram's Head White Hollyhock and Little Hills

Georgia O'Keeffe

32

  • Mexican painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for her self-portraits
  • Famously married to fellow Mexican artist Diego Rivera
  • Her work is praised for its nationalistic and feminist undertones

Frida Kahlo

33

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Famous for his large-scale black-and-white photographs of the American wilderness, especially Yosemite National Park
  • He helped develop the Zone System as a photographic technique to determine contrast and exposure

Ansel Adams

34

  • American photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for her portrait photographs of celebrities
  • Her work has adorned the covers of Rolling Stone and Vanity Fair magazines

Annie Leibovitz

35

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for her work documenting Depression-era workers for the Farm Security Administration
  • Her most famous picture, Migrant Mother, has become synonymous with the Great Depression

Dorothea Lange

36

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known as a portrait and fashion photographer
  • He captured portraits of rock and roll bands such as the Beatles
  • Later in life, he worked as the staff photographer of The New Yorker magazine

Richard Avedon

37

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for her black-and-white photogrpahs of people on the margins of society

Diane Arbus

38

  • German-Australian photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known as a fashion photographer who produced provocative black-and-white photos for Vogue among other publications

Helmut Newton

39

  • German photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Known for his large-scale landscape and architecture photographs
  • His photographs are, as of 2012, the most expensive ever sold

Andreas Gursky

40

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for his work documenting the effects of the Great Depression for the Farm Security Administration
  • He famously said he wanted his pictures to be "literate, authoritative, transcendent"

Walker Evans

41

Man Ray

  • American photographer and painter of the 20th century
  • Important player in the Dada and Surrealist movements
  • Best known for his photography, he spent most of his career in Paris

42

Herb Ritts

  • American photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for his fashion and portrait photographs of celebrities
  • His photos were mainly in black-and-white and mimicked the style of Greek sculpture

43

George Brassaï

  • Hungarian photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for his photographs portraying Parisian life, both high society and the seedier underbelly of the city

44

Robert Frank

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • His most celebrated work, the photography book The Americans, became associated with the Beat Generation because of the way it depicted American life in the 1950s

45

Vincent van Gogh

  • Dutch painter of the 19th century
  • Considered a post-Impressionist, his work was only appreciated posthumously after his early death, thought to be a suicide
  • His paintings are notable for their bold use of color and emotional honesty
  • His major works include Starry Night, Sunflowers, and Bedroom in Arles

46

Raphael

  • Italian painter and architect of the 16th and 15th centuries
  • Considered part of the traditional trilogy of Renaissance masters with Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo
  • His most famous work is The School of Athens

47

Diego Velázquez

  • Spanish painter of the 17th century
  • A key figure of the Baroque movement, he is best known for his portraits
  • His major works include Las Meninas, Rokeby Venus, and The Surrender of Breda

48

Caravaggio

  • Italian painter of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • He is considered a founder of the Baroque movement
  • His major works include The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew and Calling of Saint Matthew

49

Henri Matisse

  • French painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known for his mastery of expressive color, he helped define modernism in the 20th century
  • His major works include Woman with a Hat and The Dance

50

Edgar Degas

  • French artist of the 19th and 20th centuries known for his paintings, sculpture, and drawings
  • Best known as a father of Impressionism, he is usually associated with the depiction of dancers and movement in general
  • His major works include The Bellelli Family and Woman with Chrysanthemums

51

Francisco Goya

  • Spanish painter and printmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • He was considered an Old Master of the Romantic movement, and his subjects were often darker than those of his contemporaries
  • His major works include La maja desnuda, The Third of May 1808, and Black Paintings

52

J.M.W. Turner

  • English painter of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Best known as the preeminent Romantic painter of landscapes

53

Giotto

  • Italian painter and architect of the 13th and 14th centuries
  • Best known as the first of the great artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance
  • His two major works are the fresco decorations of the Arena Chapel and the design of the campanile of the Florence Cathedral

54

Paul Cézanne

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • A post-Impressionist, he was described by Picasso as "the father of us all" because he formed the bridge between impressionism and modern styles like cubism
  • He is known for his small, repetitive brushstrokes that build up to form a larger image
  • His major works include Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue, The Card Players, and The Bathers

55

Wassily Kandinsky

  • Russian painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He is credited as the first painter of purely abstract forms as well as being affiliated with the Expressionist movement
  • His major works include On White II and Der Blaue Reiter

56

Paul Gauguin

  • French artist of the 19th and 20th centuries known for his paintings, sculpture, and engravings
  • Considered a Post-Impressionist and Primitivist, he became known after his death for his experimental use of colors and synthetist style
  • His major works include Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? and Tahitian Women on the Beach

57

Jackson Pollock

  • American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known as a major figure in the Abstract Expressionst movement
  • He is renowned for his unique painting style where he would fling the paint from his brush in controlled splashes while his canvas lay on the floor of his studio

58

Mark Rothko

  • Russian-American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known as an Abstract Expressionist, his "multiforms", blurred blocks of various colors, have come to define him

59

Titian

  • Italian painter of the 16th century
  • He is considered the most important member of the Venetian school
  • Renowned for his use of color and loose brushwork
  • His major works include Assumption of the Virgin, Pesaro Madonna, and Venus of Urbino

60

Peter Paul Rubens

  • Flemish painter of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • Noted for his extravagant Baroque style, he is famous for his counter-Reformation pieces depicting mythological and religious subjects
  • His major works include Elevation of the Cross, Prometheus Bound, and The Fall of Man

61

  • American photographer and painter of the 20th century
  • Important player in the Dada and Surrealist movements
  • Best known for his photography, he spent most of his career in Paris

Man Ray

62

  • American photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for his fashion and portrait photographs of celebrities
  • His photos were mainly in black-and-white and mimicked the style of Greek sculpture

Herb Ritts

63

  • Hungarian photographer of the 20th century
  • Best known for his photographs portraying Parisian life, both high society and the seedier underbelly of the city

George Brassaï

64

  • American photographer of the 20th century
  • His most celebrated work, the photography book The Americans, became associated with the Beat Generation because of the way it depicted American life in the 1950s

Robert Frank

65

  • Dutch painter of the 19th century
  • Considered a post-Impressionist, his work was only appreciated posthumously after his early death, thought to be a suicide
  • His paintings are notable for their bold use of color and emotional honesty
  • His major works include Starry Night, Sunflowers, and Bedroom in Arles

Vincent van Gogh

66

  • Italian painter and architect of the 16th and 15th centuries
  • Considered part of the traditional trilogy of Renaissance masters with Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo
  • His most famous work is The School of Athens

Raphael

67

  • Spanish painter of the 17th century
  • A key figure of the Baroque movement, he is best known for his portraits
  • His major works include Las Meninas, Rokeby Venus, and The Surrender of Breda

Diego Velázquez

68

  • Italian painter of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • He is considered a founder of the Baroque movement
  • His major works include The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew and Calling of Saint Matthew

Caravaggio

69

  • French painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known for his mastery of expressive color, he helped define modernism in the 20th century
  • His major works include Woman with a Hat and The Dance

Henri Matisse

70

  • French artist of the 19th and 20th centuries known for his paintings, sculpture, and drawings
  • Best known as a father of Impressionism, he is usually associated with the depiction of dancers and movement in general
  • His major works include The Bellelli Family and Woman with Chrysanthemums

Edgar Degas

71

  • Spanish painter and printmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • He was considered an Old Master of the Romantic movement, and his subjects were often darker than those of his contemporaries
  • His major works include La maja desnuda, The Third of May 1808, and Black Paintings

Francisco Goya

72

  • English painter of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Best known as the preeminent Romantic painter of landscapes

J.M.W. Turner

73

  • Italian painter and architect of the 13th and 14th centuries
  • Best known as the first of the great artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance
  • His two major works are the fresco decorations of the Arena Chapel and the design of the campanile of the Florence Cathedral

Giotto

74

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • A post-Impressionist, he was described by Picasso as "the father of us all" because he formed the bridge between impressionism and modern styles like cubism
  • He is known for his small, repetitive brushstrokes that build up to form a larger image
  • His major works include Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue, The Card Players, and The Bathers

Paul Cézanne

75

  • Russian painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He is credited as the first painter of purely abstract forms as well as being affiliated with the Expressionist movement
  • His major works include On White II and Der Blaue Reiter

Wassily Kandinsky

76

  • French artist of the 19th and 20th centuries known for his paintings, sculpture, and engravings
  • Considered a Post-Impressionist and Primitivist, he became known after his death for his experimental use of colors and synthetist style
  • His major works include Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? and Tahitian Women on the Beach

Paul Gauguin

77

  • American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known as a major figure in the Abstract Expressionst movement
  • He is renowned for his unique painting style where he would fling the paint from his brush in controlled splashes while his canvas lay on the floor of his studio

Jackson Pollock

78

  • Russian-American painter of the 20th century
  • Best known as an Abstract Expressionist, his "multiforms", blurred blocks of various colors, have come to define him

Mark Rothko

79

  • Italian painter of the 16th century
  • He is considered the most important member of the Venetian school
  • Renowned for his use of color and loose brushwork
  • His major works include Assumption of the Virgin, Pesaro Madonna, and Venus of Urbino

Titian

80

  • Flemish painter of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • Noted for his extravagant Baroque style, he is famous for his counter-Reformation pieces depicting mythological and religious subjects
  • His major works include Elevation of the Cross, Prometheus Bound, and The Fall of Man

Peter Paul Rubens

81

Francis Bacon (artist)

  • Irish-born British painter of the 20th century
  • He typically depicted figures trapped in geometrical cages set against flat backgrounds
  • His major works include Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion and Study for a Self-Portrait - Triptych

82

Paul Klee

  • German and Swiss painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He had a highly individual style that was influenced by expressionism, cubism, and surrealism
  • His major works include Twittering Machine, Fish Magic, and Viaducts Break Ranks

83

Nicolas Poussin

  • French painter of the 17th century
  • A classicist who emphasized logic, order, and line over color, his work was one of the principal alternatives to the dominant Baroque style of the period
  • His major works include Et in Arcadia ego and Death of Germanicus

84

Eugène Delacroix

  • French painter and lithographer of the 19th century
  • Best known as the leader of the Romantic movement, he emphasized color and movement
  • His most celebrated piece is Liberty Leading the People

85

Edvard Munch

  • Norwegian painter and printmaker of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He dealt with psychological themes and is considered a Symbolist
  • His most celebrated piece is The Scream

86

Jan van Eyck

  • Flemish painter of the 15th century
  • Celebrated for his innovative use of oil paint
  • His major works include Portrait of a Man in a Turban and Annunciation

87

Georges Seurat

  • French painter and draftsman of the 19th century
  • Best known as the developer of the pointillism technique of painting, he is considered a Post-Impressionist
  • His major works include Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte and Parade de Cirque

88

David Hockney

  • English artist of the 20th and 21st centuries known for his paintings, prints, photography, and stage design
  • Best known as a major figure in the Pop Art movement
  • He is also known for creating photography collages known as "joiners"
  • His major works include A Bigger Splash and We Two Boys Together Clinging

89

John Constable

  • English painter of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Best known as a Romantic painter of the landscapes of Dedham Vale where he grew up
  • His major works include Dedhum Vale and The Hay Wain

90

Edward Hopper

  • American painter and printmaker of the 20th century
  • Considered a realist, he was equally adept at capturing rural and urban scenes of modern American life
  • His major works include Automat, Chop Suey, and Nighthawks

91

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He helped lead the development of the Impressionist movement, and often portrayed feminine sensuality in his paintings
  • His major works include Bal du moulin de la Galette, Nude, and Luncheon of the Boating Party

92

William Hogarth

  • English painter, engraver, and satirist of the 18th century
  • He pioneered sequential art, series of pictures similar to comic strips

93

René Magritte

  • Belgian painter of the 20th century
  • Best known as a surrealist who challenged traditional interpretation of art
  • His major works include The Treachery of Images, On the Threshold of Liberty, and The Son of Man

94

Georges Braque

  • French painter and sculptor of the 20th century
  • Best known for developing Cubism along with Picasso
  • His major works include Violin and Candlestick and Fruitdish and Glass

95

Roy Lichtenstein

  • American painter and sculptor of the 20th century
  • Famed as a Pop artist who incorporated advertising and comic book stylings in his art
  • His major works include Drowning Girl, Whaam!, and his interpretation of van Gogh's Bedroom at Arles

96

Frank Lloyd Wright

  • American architect of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Widely considered the greatest American architect of all time, he popularized the notion of organic architecture: designing buildings that are in harmony with their environments
  • His major works include the Robie House, Falling Water, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

97

Le Corbusier

  • Swiss-born French architect and writer of the 20th century
  • Best known as a pioneer of modern architecture
  • His major works include Villa Savoye and Notre Dame du Haut as well as the book Towards a New Architecture

98

I.M. Pei

  • Chinese-born American architect of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • He is one of the most famous living architects, and a master of modern architecture
  • His major works include the Louvre Pyramid, the Bank of China Tower, and the John F. Kennedy Library

99

Filippo Brunelleschi

  • Italian architect and engineer of the 15th century
  • In the arts, he is credited with the discovery of perspective
  • His most celebrated work is the engineering of the Duomo in Florence

100

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

  • Italian sculptor of the 17th century
  • Known as the greatest Baroque sculptor and a pioneer of the style
  • His major works include Apollo and Daphne, The Rape of Proserpina, and Ecstasy of Saint Theresa

101

  • Irish-born British painter of the 20th century
  • He typically depicted figures trapped in geometrical cages set against flat backgrounds
  • His major works include Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion and Study for a Self-Portrait - Triptych

Francis Bacon (artist)

102

  • German and Swiss painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He had a highly individual style that was influenced by expressionism, cubism, and surrealism
  • His major works include Twittering Machine, Fish Magic, and Viaducts Break Ranks

Paul Klee

103

  • French painter of the 17th century
  • A classicist who emphasized logic, order, and line over color, his work was one of the principal alternatives to the dominant Baroque style of the period
  • His major works include Et in Arcadia ego and Death of Germanicus

Nicolas Poussin

104

  • French painter and lithographer of the 19th century
  • Best known as the leader of the Romantic movement, he emphasized color and movement
  • His most celebrated piece is Liberty Leading the People

Eugène Delacroix

105

  • Norwegian painter and printmaker of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He dealt with psychological themes and is considered a Symbolist
  • His most celebrated piece is The Scream

Edvard Munch

106

  • Flemish painter of the 15th century
  • Celebrated for his innovative use of oil paint
  • His major works include Portrait of a Man in a Turban and Annunciation

Jan van Eyck

107

  • French painter and draftsman of the 19th century
  • Best known as the developer of the pointillism technique of painting, he is considered a Post-Impressionist
  • His major works include Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte and Parade de Cirque

Georges Seurat

108

  • English artist of the 20th and 21st centuries known for his paintings, prints, photography, and stage design
  • Best known as a major figure in the Pop Art movement
  • He is also known for creating photography collages known as "joiners"
  • His major works include A Bigger Splash and We Two Boys Together Clinging

David Hockney

109

  • English painter of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Best known as a Romantic painter of the landscapes of Dedham Vale where he grew up
  • His major works include Dedhum Vale and The Hay Wain

John Constable

110

  • American painter and printmaker of the 20th century
  • Considered a realist, he was equally adept at capturing rural and urban scenes of modern American life
  • His major works include Automat, Chop Suey, and Nighthawks

Edward Hopper

111

  • French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • He helped lead the development of the Impressionist movement, and often portrayed feminine sensuality in his paintings
  • His major works include Bal du moulin de la Galette, Nude, and Luncheon of the Boating Party

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

112

  • English painter, engraver, and satirist of the 18th century
  • He pioneered sequential art, series of pictures similar to comic strips

William Hogarth

113

  • Belgian painter of the 20th century
  • Best known as a surrealist who challenged traditional interpretation of art
  • His major works include The Treachery of Images, On the Threshold of Liberty, and The Son of Man

René Magritte

114

  • French painter and sculptor of the 20th century
  • Best known for developing Cubism along with Picasso
  • His major works include Violin and Candlestick and Fruitdish and Glass

Georges Braque

115

  • American painter and sculptor of the 20th century
  • Famed as a Pop artist who incorporated advertising and comic book stylings in his art
  • His major works include Drowning Girl, Whaam!, and his interpretation of van Gogh's Bedroom at Arles

Roy Lichtenstein

116

  • American architect of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Widely considered the greatest American architect of all time, he popularized the notion of organic architecture: designing buildings that are in harmony with their environments
  • His major works include the Robie House, Falling Water, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

Frank Lloyd Wright

117

  • Swiss-born French architect and writer of the 20th century
  • Best known as a pioneer of modern architecture
  • His major works include Villa Savoye and Notre Dame du Haut as well as the book Towards a New Architecture

Le Corbusier

118

  • Chinese-born American architect of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • He is one of the most famous living architects, and a master of modern architecture
  • His major works include the Louvre Pyramid, the Bank of China Tower, and the John F. Kennedy Library

I.M. Pei

119

  • Italian architect and engineer of the 15th century
  • In the arts, he is credited with the discovery of perspective
  • His most celebrated work is the engineering of the Duomo in Florence

Filippo Brunelleschi

120

  • Italian sculptor of the 17th century
  • Known as the greatest Baroque sculptor and a pioneer of the style
  • His major works include Apollo and Daphne, The Rape of Proserpina, and Ecstasy of Saint Theresa

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

121

Georges-Eugène Haussmann

  • French civic designer of the 19th century
  • Best known for his renovation of Paris, introducing the wide boulevards and uniform building facades for which the city is so famous today

122

Frederick Law Olmsted

  • American landscape architect of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known for designing urban parks including Central and Prospect Parks in New York City

123

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc

  • French architect of the 19th century
  • Best known for his restorations of medieval buildings, he is considered a Gothic Revival architect
  • He also designed the interior of the Statue of Liberty

124

Hokusai

  • Japanese painter and printmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Best known for his woodblock prints, especially his series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji
  • His major works include The Great Wave off Kanagawa and Fuji in Clear Weather

125

Matt Groenig

  • American cartoonist and producer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known as the creator of the TV show The Simpsons

126

Charles Schulz

  • American cartoonist of the 20th century
  • Best known as the creator of the Peanuts comic strip

127

Hergé

  • Belgian comic book writer and artist of the 20th century
  • Best known as the creator of the popular The Adventures of Tintin series

128

René Goscinny and Albert Uderzo

  • French comic book writer and illustrator of the 20th century
  • Best known as the creators of the popular Astérix series of comic books

129

Tex Avery

  • American animator, cartoonist, and director of the 20th century
  • Best known for creating the Looney Toons characters during the Golden Age of Hollywood Animation
  • He created Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck, two of the most iconic cartoon characters of all time

130

William Hanna and Joseph Barbera

  • American animation directors of the 20th century
  • Best known for directing and producing popular animated shows such as The Flintstones, The Jetsons, and Scooby-Doo, Where are you!

131

Andrea Palladio

  • Italian architect and writer of the 16th century
  • Best known for influencing all subsequent Western architecture with the teachings from his Four Books of Architecture
  • Many of his buildings still stand in what was the republic of Venice

132

Hieronymus Bosch

  • Dutch painter of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • A Renaissance artist, he used fantastical imagery to teach religious concepts in his paintings
  • His major works include The Garden of Earthly Delights and The Temptation of Saint Anthony

133

Alexander Calder

  • American sculptor of the 20th century
  • Best known for developing mobile sculptures
  • He famously produced a miniature circus out of wire sculptures

134

Marc Chagall

  • Russian-French artist of the 20th century known for his pieces in a variety of styles
  • He was a pioneer of modernist art, considered surrealist and expressionist, and noted as a major Jewish artist
  • His major works include The Fiddler and Parents

135

Diego Rivera

  • Mexican painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for his murals which established the Mexican Mural Movement
  • Famously married to fellow Mexican artist Frida Kahlo
  • His major works include Man, Controller of the Universe and Detroit Industry

136

Walt Disney

  • American film producer and director of the 20th century
  • Best known for co-founding Walt Disney Productions and for creating the character Mickey Mouse

137

El Greco

  • Crete-born Spanish sculptor, painter, and architect of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • Sometimes considered a Mannerist, he married Byzantine and Western styles in his works
  • His major works include El Expolio, View of Toledo, and Opening of the Fifth Seal

138

Lucian Freud

  • German-born British painter of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for his figure and portrait paintings, he is considered a realist whose work is often psychologically jarring
  • His major works include Girl with a White Dog and Benefits Supervisor Sleeping

139

Christopher Wren

  • English architect of the 17th and 18th centuries
  • Best known for designing many churches in London, especially after the Great Fire in 1666
  • His masterwork is St. Paul's Cathedral

140

Auguste Rodin

  • French sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as the founder of modern sculpture
  • His major works include The Walking Man, The Burghers of Calais, and The Thinker

141

Norman Rockwell

  • American painter and illustrator of the 20th century
  • Best known for his cover illustrations of The Saturday Evening Post magazine depicting scenes of everyday life
  • His major works include the Willie Gillis series, The Problem We All Live With, and the Four Freedoms series

142

Frédéric Bartholdi

  • French sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known for designing the Statue of Liberty

143

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

  • French painter, printmaker, and illustrator of the 19th century
  • Best known as a Post-Impressionist, he was celebrated for his depictions of Parisian life at the end of the 19th century
  • His major works include The Laundress, Jane Avril, and At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing

144

Jan Vermeer

  • Dutch painter of the 17th century
  • A member of the Dutch Golden Age, he is considered a Baroque painter who specialized in quotidian interior scenes
  • His major works include The Milkmaid, The Astronomer, and Girl with a Pearl Earring

145

Oscar Niemeyer

  • Brazilian architect of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for his designs of the civic builidngs in Brasilia, which was a planned city created for the purpose of becoming Brazil's capital

146

  • French civic designer of the 19th century
  • Best known for his renovation of Paris, introducing the wide boulevards and uniform building facades for which the city is so famous today

Georges-Eugène Haussmann

147

  • American landscape architect of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known for designing urban parks including Central and Prospect Parks in New York City

Frederick Law Olmsted

148

  • French architect of the 19th century
  • Best known for his restorations of medieval buildings, he is considered a Gothic Revival architect
  • He also designed the interior of the Statue of Liberty

Eugène Viollet-le-Duc

149

  • Japanese painter and printmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Best known for his woodblock prints, especially his series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji
  • His major works include The Great Wave off Kanagawa and Fuji in Clear Weather

Hokusai

150

  • American cartoonist and producer of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known as the creator of the TV show The Simpsons

Matt Groenig

151

  • American cartoonist of the 20th century
  • Best known as the creator of the Peanuts comic strip

Charles Schulz

152

  • Belgian comic book writer and artist of the 20th century
  • Best known as the creator of the popular The Adventures of Tintin series

Hergé

153

  • French comic book writer and illustrator of the 20th century
  • Best known as the creators of the popular Astérix series of comic books

René Goscinny and Albert Uderzo

154

  • American animator, cartoonist, and director of the 20th century
  • Best known for creating the Looney Toons characters during the Golden Age of Hollywood Animation
  • He created Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck, two of the most iconic cartoon characters of all time

Tex Avery

155

  • American animation directors of the 20th century
  • Best known for directing and producing popular animated shows such as The Flintstones, The Jetsons, and Scooby-Doo, Where are you!

William Hanna and Joseph Barbera

156

  • Italian architect and writer of the 16th century
  • Best known for influencing all subsequent Western architecture with the teachings from his Four Books of Architecture
  • Many of his buildings still stand in what was the republic of Venice

Andrea Palladio

157

  • Dutch painter of the 15th and 16th centuries
  • A Renaissance artist, he used fantastical imagery to teach religious concepts in his paintings
  • His major works include The Garden of Earthly Delights and The Temptation of Saint Anthony

Hieronymus Bosch

158

  • American sculptor of the 20th century
  • Best known for developing mobile sculptures
  • He famously produced a miniature circus out of wire sculptures

Alexander Calder

159

  • Russian-French artist of the 20th century known for his pieces in a variety of styles
  • He was a pioneer of modernist art, considered surrealist and expressionist, and noted as a major Jewish artist
  • His major works include The Fiddler and Parents

Marc Chagall

160

  • Mexican painter of the 20th century
  • Best known for his murals which established the Mexican Mural Movement
  • Famously married to fellow Mexican artist Frida Kahlo
  • His major works include Man, Controller of the Universe and Detroit Industry

Diego Rivera

161

  • American film producer and director of the 20th century
  • Best known for co-founding Walt Disney Productions and for creating the character Mickey Mouse

Walt Disney

162

  • Crete-born Spanish sculptor, painter, and architect of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • Sometimes considered a Mannerist, he married Byzantine and Western styles in his works
  • His major works include El Expolio, View of Toledo, and Opening of the Fifth Seal

El Greco

163

  • German-born British painter of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for his figure and portrait paintings, he is considered a realist whose work is often psychologically jarring
  • His major works include Girl with a White Dog and Benefits Supervisor Sleeping

Lucian Freud

164

  • English architect of the 17th and 18th centuries
  • Best known for designing many churches in London, especially after the Great Fire in 1666
  • His masterwork is St. Paul's Cathedral

Christopher Wren

165

  • French sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known as the founder of modern sculpture
  • His major works include The Walking Man, The Burghers of Calais, and The Thinker

Auguste Rodin

166

  • American painter and illustrator of the 20th century
  • Best known for his cover illustrations of The Saturday Evening Post magazine depicting scenes of everyday life
  • His major works include the Willie Gillis series, The Problem We All Live With, and the Four Freedoms series

Norman Rockwell

167

  • French sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries
  • Best known for designing the Statue of Liberty

Frédéric Bartholdi

168

  • French painter, printmaker, and illustrator of the 19th century
  • Best known as a Post-Impressionist, he was celebrated for his depictions of Parisian life at the end of the 19th century
  • His major works include The Laundress, Jane Avril, and At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

169

  • Dutch painter of the 17th century
  • A member of the Dutch Golden Age, he is considered a Baroque painter who specialized in quotidian interior scenes
  • His major works include The Milkmaid, The Astronomer, and Girl with a Pearl Earring

Jan Vermeer

170

  • Brazilian architect of the 20th and 21st centuries
  • Best known for his designs of the civic builidngs in Brasilia, which was a planned city created for the purpose of becoming Brazil's capital

Oscar Niemeyer