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Flashcards in Science & Technology Deck (76)
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1
Who is:

Nicolaus Copernicus

15th and 16th-century Renaissance Polish astronomer who argued that the Earth moves about the Sun, displacing the Earth from the center of the universe

2
Who is:

Johannes Gutenberg

  • German printer who invented the printing press and movable type printing in the mid-15th century
  • The first book printed from movable type was the Gutenberg Bible, of which 48 copies survive

3
Who is:

Jacques Cousteau

  • French oceanographer and innovator of the 20th century who explored and studied the sea and all forms of marine wildlife
  • He pioneered marine conservation and, along with Émile Gagnan, invented the Aqua-Lung, the first self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA)

4
Who is:

Tim Berners-Lee

British computer scientist and the inventor of the World Wide Web

5
Who is:

Nikola Tesla

Serbian-American inventor and engineer of the 19th and 20th centuries noted for his contributions to the design of the modern AC electric power system

6
Who is:

Galileo Galilei

  • 16th and 17th-century Italian physicist and philosopher who was a central figure in the Scientific Revolution
  • He proved that objects with different masses fall at the same velocity and discovered the moons of Jupiter
  • He controversially supported heliocentrism, made improvements to the design of the telescope, and laid the groundwork for modern kinetics, dynamics, and astronomy

7
Who is:

Albert Einstein

  • German-born physicist of the 20th century often considered the father of modern physics thanks to his development of the general theory of relativity
  • Although he won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work pertaining to the photoelectric effect (which helped develop quantum theory), he is best known for his mass-energy equivalence formula E=mc2 (which helped lead to the development of nuclear fission)

8
Who is:

Isaac Newton

  • English scientist of the 17th and 18th centuries, considered one of the greatest scientists in human history
  • He played an enormous role in developing modern understanding of calculus, light, motion, and gravity

9
Who is:

Guglielmo Marconi

  • Italian inventor of the 19th and 20th centuries who developed radio transmission and wireless telegraphy
  • He won the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics

10
Who is:

Louis Pasteur

  • French scientist of the 19th century who helped prove the germ theory of disease -- the notion that diseases are caused by microorganisms
  • One of the founders of microbiology, he created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and developed pasteurization, the process of heating fluids so as to kill harmful bacteria

11
Who is:

Charles Darwin

  • English naturalist of the 19th century who helped develop the theory of evolution
  • His most famous work, The Origin of Species, is considered to be the foundation of modern evolutionary biology

12
Who is:

Edward Jenner

English physician of the 18th and 19th centuries who pioneered the smallpox vaccine and who is now regarded as the father of immunology

13
Who is:

Florence Nightingale

  • English nurse of the 19th and 20th centuries who is regarded as the founder of modern nursing
  • She rose to fame during the Crimean War, where she tended wounded soldiers day and night, earning her the nickname "Lady with the Lamp"
  • In London, she later established the first secular nursing school in the world

14
Who is:

Joseph Lister

19th-century English surgeon who pioneered antiseptic surgery, promoting the idea of sterile surgery to reduce infections

15
Who is:

Louis Daguerre

19th-century French artist and physicist most known for inventing the daguerreotype process of photography, and as a result, as a father of photography

16
Who is:

Johannes Kepler

  • German mathematician of the 16th and 17th centuries and one of the major figures of the scientific revolution
  • While he invented an improved version of the refracting telescope, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion

17
Who is:

Marie Curie

  • Polish-born physicist of the 19th and 20th centuries who worked mainly in France and was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize
  • She is best known for her research on radioactivity and for her techniques of isolating radioactive isotopes

18
Who is:

Léon Foucault

19th-century French physicist best known for inventing a pendulum (named after him) that demonstrates the rotation of the Earth

19
Who is:

Michael Faraday

  • English scientist of the 19th century most famous for establishing the notion of the electromagnetic field in physics
  • He is credited with the discoveries of diamagnetism, electromagnetic induction, and the laws of electrolysis

20
Who is:

Niels Bohr

  • 20th-century Danish physicist best known for developing the model of the atom with a nucleus at the center and electrons orbiting around it
  • Also a contributor to both the Manhattan Project and the field of quantum mechanics, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922

21
Name the scientific or technological figure:

15th and 16th-century Renaissance Polish astronomer who argued that the Earth moves about the Sun, displacing the Earth from the center of the universe

Nicolaus Copernicus

22
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • German printer who invented the printing press and movable type printing in the mid-15th century
  • The first book printed from movable type was the Gutenberg Bible, of which 48 copies survive

Johannes Gutenberg

23
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • French oceanographer and innovator of the 20th century who explored and studied the sea and all forms of marine wildlife
  • He pioneered marine conservation and, along with Émile Gagnan, invented the Aqua-Lung, the first self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA)

Jacques Cousteau

24
Name the scientific or technological figure:

British computer scientist and the inventor of the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee

25
Name the scientific or technological figure:

Serbian-American inventor and engineer of the 19th and 20th centuries noted for his contributions to the design of the modern AC electric power system

Nikola Tesla

26
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • 16th and 17th-century Italian physicist and philosopher who was a central figure in the Scientific Revolution
  • He proved that objects with different masses fall at the same velocity and discovered the moons of Jupiter
  • He controversially supported heliocentrism, made improvements to the design of the telescope, and laid the groundwork for modern kinetics, dynamics, and astronomy

Galileo Galilei

27
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • German-born physicist of the 20th century often considered the father of modern physics thanks to his development of the general theory of relativity
  • Although he won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work pertaining to the photoelectric effect (which helped develop quantum theory), he is best known for his mass-energy equivalence formula E=mc2 (which helped lead to the development of nuclear fission)

Albert Einstein

28
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • English scientist of the 17th and 18th centuries, considered one of the greatest scientists in human history
  • He played an enormous role in developing modern understanding of calculus, light, motion, and gravity

Isaac Newton

29
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • Italian inventor of the 19th and 20th centuries who developed radio transmission and wireless telegraphy
  • He won the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics

Guglielmo Marconi

30
Name the scientific or technological figure:

  • French scientist of the 19th century who helped prove the germ theory of disease -- the notion that diseases are caused by microorganisms
  • One of the founders of microbiology, he created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and developed pasteurization, the process of heating fluids so as to kill harmful bacteria

Louis Pasteur