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Flashcards in World History Deck (278)
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1
Who is:

Alexander the Great

  • Ruler of Greece in the 4th century B.C.
  • Conquered most of the ancient world, extending his empire to India
  • Founded the city of Alexandria in Egypt

2
Who is:

Attila the Hun

  • King of the Huns in the 5th century
  • His armies, known for their cruelty, overran much of eastern and central Europe

3
Who is:

Augustus Caesar

  • First emperor of Rome and the adopted son of Julius Caesar
  • During his reign, Rome enjoyed a time of peace and a golden age for literature and the arts, resulting in the term "Augustan age"
  • The month of August is named after him
  • Jesus was born during his reign

4
Who is:

Julius Caesar

  • Roman dictator and general in the first century B.C. who secured Roman rule over Gaul, present-day France, and later reported of a campaign in Asia, "I came, I saw, I conquered"
  • Fearing his power, the Roman senate demanded that he disband his army, but he refused and returned to Rome with his army, declaring himself dictator
  • Assassinated by his friend Brutus, an episode immortalized in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar
  • Caesar endured as the family name of the next 11 rulers of Rome, while the word "caesar" later became adapted by emperors of Russia and Germany to "czar" and "kaiser"

5
Who is:

Francis Bacon (philosopher)

  • English scientist, politician, and author of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • A leader of the Renaissance in England and advocate of the scientific method
  • Has been mentioned as a possible author of some of the plays attributed to Shakespeare

6
Who is:

Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Spanish explorer of the 16th century who discovered the Pacific Ocean 

**The Pacific ocean was later named by Ferdinand Magellan**

7
Who is:

Hannibal

  • General of the third and second centuries B.C. from the ancient northern African city of Carthage, which waged war against Rome in the Punic Wars
  • He tried to capture Rome by moving an enormous army from Spain through the Alps, but after several victories he was eventually defeated

8
Who is:

Caligula

  • Tyrannical and ruthless ruler of Rome in the first century A.D.
  • One of the 12 Caesars
  • Once appointed his horse to the senate to mock the Roman senate

9
Who is:

Charlemagne

Also known as "Charles the Great", the king of France in the 8th and 9th centuries and crowned the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 800

10
Who is:

Cleopatra

  • Queen of Egypt in the first century B.C.
  • Known for her beauty and luxurious lifestyle
  • After living for some time in Rome with Julius Caesar, she returned to Egypt where she lived with Roman politician Mark Antony
  • Antony's affair with her, as well as their suicides, was dramatized in a Shakespearean play

11
Who is:

Christopher Columbus

  • Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean and discovered the New World in 1492
  • Casting off initially from Spain under the patronage of the king and queen of Spain, he had hoped to find a westward route to India

12
Who is:

Constantine the Great

  • Roman emperor of the 4th century who founded Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), capital of the eastern part of the Roman Empire and later capital of the Byzantine Empire
  • Allowed Christians to practice their religion within the Roman Empire

13
Who is:

Hernando Cortés

Spanish conquistador of the 16th century who conquered Mexico for Spain after overthrowing the Aztecs

14
Who is:

Sir Thomas More

  • 16th-century English statesman and adviser to Henry VIII, who had him executed when he did not support Henry's becoming head of the Roman Catholic Church in England
  • Famous for his book Utopia, which depicts an ideal, imaginary society void of misery
  • Friend of Desiderius Erasmus

15
Who is:

Desiderius Erasmus

  • 15th and 16th-century Dutch theologian and humanist, also known as Erasmus of Rotterdam
  • Proponent of religious toleration who sought to reform the Catholic Church while maintaining his recognition of the pope
  • Friend of Sir Thomas More

16
Who is:

Leif Ericson

Norse explorer who is often regarded as the first European, rather than Columbus, to discover North America, around the year 1000

17
Who is:

Genghis Khan

Mongolian emperor of the 12th and 13th centuries who conquered great areas of western Asia and northern China

18
Who is:

Henry VIII

  • King of England from 1509 to 1547 who established himself the head of the Church in England when the pope refused to allow him to dissolve his marriage to Catherine of Aragon
  • England has remained a Protestant nation ever since
  • He had six wives in all

19
Who is:

Joan of Arc

  • 15th-century French military heroine and Roman Catholic saint who led the French army to victories during the Hundred Years' War, eventually leading to the coronation of Charles VII
  • Her claims to have heard God speak to her led to a trial for heresy, after which she was burned at the stake at the age of 19

20
Who is:

Francisco Pizarro

Spanish conquistador of the 16th century who established Peru after overthrowing the Incas

21
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • Ruler of Greece in the 4th century B.C.
  • Conquered most of the ancient world, extending his empire to India
  • Founded the city of Alexandria in Egypt

Alexander the Great

22
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • King of the Huns in the 5th century
  • His armies, known for their cruelty, overran much of eastern and central Europe

Attila the Hun

23
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • First emperor of Rome and the adopted son of Julius Caesar
  • During his reign, Rome enjoyed a time of peace and a golden age for literature and the arts, resulting in the term "Augustan age"
  • The month of August is named after him
  • Jesus was born during his reign

Augustus Caesar

24
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • Roman dictator and general in the first century B.C. who secured Roman rule over Gaul, present-day France, and later reported of a campaign in Asia, "I came, I saw, I conquered"
  • Fearing his power, the Roman senate demanded that he disband his army, but he refused and returned to Rome with his army, declaring himself dictator
  • Assassinated by his friend Brutus, an episode immortalized in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar
  • Caesar endured as the family name of the next 11 rulers of Rome, while the word "caesar" later became adapted by emperors of Russia and Germany to "czar" and "kaiser"

Julius Caesar

25
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • English scientist, politician, and author of the 16th and 17th centuries
  • A leader of the Renaissance in England and advocate of the scientific method
  • Has been mentioned as a possible author of some of the plays attributed to Shakespeare

Francis Bacon (philosopher)

26
Name the world historical figure(s):

Spanish explorer of the 16th century who discovered the Pacific Ocean

Vasco Núñez de Balboa

27
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • General of the third and second centuries B.C. from the ancient northern African city of Carthage, which waged war against Rome in the Punic Wars
  • He tried to capture Rome by moving an enormous army from Spain through the Alps, but after several victories he was eventually defeated

Hannibal

28
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • Tyrannical and ruthless ruler of Rome in the first century A.D.
  • One of the 12 Caesars
  • Once appointed his horse to the senate to mock the Roman senate

Caligula

29
Name the world historical figure(s):

Also known as "Charles the Great", the king of France in the 8th and 9th centuries and crowned the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in 800

Charlemagne

30
Name the world historical figure(s):

  • Queen of Egypt in the first century B.C.
  • Known for her beauty and luxurious lifestyle
  • After living for some time in Rome with Julius Caesar, she returned to Egypt where she lived with Roman politician Mark Antony
  • Antony's affair with her, as well as their suicides, was dramatized in a Shakespearean play

Cleopatra