Ashley Nichole's EXAM #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ashley Nichole's EXAM #3 Deck (28):
1

ANATOMY OF BOWEL ELIMINATION

 

Small and Large Intestines

Duodenum

Jejunum

Illium

Ascending

Transverse

Descending

Sigmoig 

Rectum

Anus

She Laugh's & Dances Just If Assholes Tap Delicately while Showing Rectal Apparel. 

A image thumb
2

Small intestines Absorb nutrients & _______

water

3

the colon produces what in its intestinal walls to protect it from acid in the feces. 

Mucous 

4

What are the 3 main functions of the colon? 

absorption of water and nutrients

Mucoid protection of the intestinal wall

Fecal elimination

 

5

The waste products leaving the stomach throught the small intestine and then passing through the ileocecal valve are called what? 

Chyme

6

The colon/Large intestine: Reabsorbs _______,  stores & transports body waste. 

Water

7

If disease gets into the intestines it can lead to problems doing what?

absorbing nutrients. 

8

Interventions such as surgery, immobility, medications, and therapeutic diets may affect _____ _______.

Bowel Elimination

9

Bowel movements that are infrequent, hard or dry, and diffiucult to pass. 

Constipation

10

an increased number of loose, liquid stools. 

Diarrhea

11

There are objective ways to assess for the presence of constipation or diarrhea, but individual bowel patterns vary greatly.

 

True or False

True

12

Various disease processes necessitate the creation of bowel diversions to allow _____ ______ to continue. 

fecal elimination

13

Stool specimens are collected both for ______ and for _____ _______, such as for teh detection of occult blood, bacteria, or parasites. 

screening; diagnostic test

14

Fecal Occult Blood Test

Guaiac Test

15

Ostomie

Sugical opening for permanant or temporary acess.

 

(acess in the abdominal wall to allow fecal matter to pass)

(colostomy bag)

16

Stoma

opening

17

_____ Stomas are a result of colorectal cancer or some types of bowel disease.

End

18

_____ end in the colon

colostamies

19

____ end in the ileum

ileostomies

20

_____ colostamies are performed as a medical emergency adn are temporary.

Loop

21

 _____ colostomies consist of two abdominal stomas one proximal and one disatal.

Double-barrel

22

What are factors taht affect normal bowel elimination?

Age, Diet, Fluids, Physical activity, Psychological factors, Personal habits, Positioning, Pain, Pregnancy, Surgery and anesthesia, Medications.

23

Infant Breast Milk Stools appear

watery and yellow brown.

24

Infant Formula Stools

pasty and brown

25

At what age do toddlers gain bowel control?

2-3 years of age.

26

What effects elimination in older adults?

Decreased paristalisis and relaxation of the sphincters.

27

Paristalsis

he wormlike movement by which the alimentary canal or other tubular organs having both longitudinal and circular muscle fibers propel their contents, consisting of a wave of contraction passing along the tube for variable distances.

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