Ashley Nichole's Pain Flashcards Preview

Nursing > Ashley Nichole's Pain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ashley Nichole's Pain Deck (35):
1

Pain

pain is whatever the person says it is, and exists whenever he says it does. 

2

An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with acuteal or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. 

Pain

3

 

pain is a physical and _____ experience, not all in the body or all in the mind. 

emotional

4

Reffered Pain

Pain that appears to arise in different areas 

5

Visceral Pain

Pain arising from organs or hollow viscera

6

Acute Pain

when pain last only through the expected recovery period.

7

Chronic pain

is prolonged, usually recurring or lasting 3 moths or longer. 

8

Cancer Pain

 may result from the direct effects of the disease and its treatment, or it may be unrelated. 

9

Pain on a 1-3 range

Mild pain

10

Pain with a rating of 4-6 is 

moderate pain

11

pain reaching 7-10 on the pain scale is deemed 

severe pain and is associated with the worst outccomes. 

12

Nociceptive Pain

experienced when an intact, properly functioing nervous system sends signals that tissues are damaged requiring attention for proper care. 

(e.g. cut or broken bone...)

13

When there is Nociceptive pain, and the pain goes away after wound is healed or stablized, the pain is known as.

Transient Pain. 

14

Pain that occurs as chronic pain due to bone to bone contact that damages the tissue as in osteoarthristis is what type of pain?

Nociceptive

15

What are two sub categories of Nociceptive Pain?

Somatic and Visceral

16

Pain that originates in the skin, muscles, bone, or connective tissue is known as 

Somatic Pain

17

The pain that is characterized as cramping, throbbing, pressing, or aching qualities that can be assocciated with a feeling sick like sweating, nausea, or vomiting. 

Visceral Pain

 

 

 

(ex. labor pain, angina pectoris, or irritable bowel. 

18

Pain associated with damaged or malfunctioing nerves due to illness, injury, or undetermined reasons. 

Neuropathic

19

Is Neuropathic pain considered acute or chronic?

Chronic

 

( this is due to the fact that neuropathic pain is difficult to treat )

20

What are the two subtypes of neuropathic pain?

Peripheral neuropathic pain and Central neuropathic pain. 

21

Peripheral neuropathic pain

pain that follows damage or sensitization of peripheral nerves. 

 

(phantom limb pain, post herpetic neuralgia, carpal tunnel syndrome)

22

Central neuropathic pain

results from malfunctioning nerves in the central nervous system (CNS) 

 

(spinal cord injury pain, poststoke pain, multiple sclerosis pain)

23

Pain that occurs ocassionally when abnormal connections between pain fibers and the sympathetic nevous system perpeuate probelems with both the pain and sympathetcally controlled functions. 

Sympathetically maintained pain. 

24

Pain Threshold

the least amount of stimuli that is needed fora  person to label a sensation as pain 

25

Pain toerance

the maximum amount of painful stimuli that a person is willing to withstand without seeking avoidance of the pain or relief. 

26

what are two terms that are used interchangably to denote hightened responses to a painful stimuli. 

hyperalgesia and hyperpathia

27

hyperalgesia

increased sensitivity to pain.

28

hyperpathia

abnormally exaggerated subjective response to painful stimuli.

29

Allodynia

nonpainful stiumli

(e.g light touch, contact with linen, water, or wind.) 

30

Dysesthesia

an unpleasant abnormal sensation.

31

A pain state (generally severe) for which there is no cure possibly even after accepted medical evaluation and treatements have been implemented. The focus of tereatment turns from cure to pain reducaiton, functioanal improvements, and the enhancement of quatlity of life. 

Intractable pain. 

32

An increased sensitivity of a receptor after repeated activation by noxious stimuli

Sensitization

33

Progressive increase in excitability and sensitivity of a recptor after repeated activation by noxious stimuli. 

Sensitization

34

Progressive increase in excitability and sensitivity of spinal cord neurons, leading to persistent, inreased pain. 

Windup

35