pain is whatever the person says it is, and exists whenever he says it does.
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with acuteal or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.
pain is a physical and _____ experience, not all in the body or all in the mind.
Pain that appears to arise in different areas
Pain arising from organs or hollow viscera
when pain last only through the expected recovery period.
is prolonged, usually recurring or lasting 3 moths or longer.
may result from the direct effects of the disease and its treatment, or it may be unrelated.
Pain on a 1-3 range
Pain with a rating of 4-6 is
pain reaching 7-10 on the pain scale is deemed
severe pain and is associated with the worst outccomes.
experienced when an intact, properly functioing nervous system sends signals that tissues are damaged requiring attention for proper care.
(e.g. cut or broken bone...)
When there is Nociceptive pain, and the pain goes away after wound is healed or stablized, the pain is known as.
Pain that occurs as chronic pain due to bone to bone contact that damages the tissue as in osteoarthristis is what type of pain?
What are two sub categories of Nociceptive Pain?
Somatic and Visceral
Pain that originates in the skin, muscles, bone, or connective tissue is known as
The pain that is characterized as cramping, throbbing, pressing, or aching qualities that can be assocciated with a feeling sick like sweating, nausea, or vomiting.
(ex. labor pain, angina pectoris, or irritable bowel.
Pain associated with damaged or malfunctioing nerves due to illness, injury, or undetermined reasons.
Is Neuropathic pain considered acute or chronic?
( this is due to the fact that neuropathic pain is difficult to treat )
What are the two subtypes of neuropathic pain?
Peripheral neuropathic pain and Central neuropathic pain.
Peripheral neuropathic pain
pain that follows damage or sensitization of peripheral nerves.
(phantom limb pain, post herpetic neuralgia, carpal tunnel syndrome)
Central neuropathic pain
results from malfunctioning nerves in the central nervous system (CNS)
(spinal cord injury pain, poststoke pain, multiple sclerosis pain)
Pain that occurs ocassionally when abnormal connections between pain fibers and the sympathetic nevous system perpeuate probelems with both the pain and sympathetcally controlled functions.
Sympathetically maintained pain.
the least amount of stimuli that is needed fora person to label a sensation as pain
the maximum amount of painful stimuli that a person is willing to withstand without seeking avoidance of the pain or relief.
what are two terms that are used interchangably to denote hightened responses to a painful stimuli.
hyperalgesia and hyperpathia
increased sensitivity to pain.
abnormally exaggerated subjective response to painful stimuli.
(e.g light touch, contact with linen, water, or wind.)
an unpleasant abnormal sensation.
A pain state (generally severe) for which there is no cure possibly even after accepted medical evaluation and treatements have been implemented. The focus of tereatment turns from cure to pain reducaiton, functioanal improvements, and the enhancement of quatlity of life.
An increased sensitivity of a receptor after repeated activation by noxious stimuli
Progressive increase in excitability and sensitivity of a recptor after repeated activation by noxious stimuli.
Progressive increase in excitability and sensitivity of spinal cord neurons, leading to persistent, inreased pain.