Maegan's Quiz #5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Maegan's Quiz #5 Deck (27):
1

What is any sensory nerve ending, such as those located in muscles, tendons, joints, and the vestibular apparatus, that responds to stimuli originating from within the body related to movement and spatial position?

Proprioceptor

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2

What is the area above the stomach?

Epigastric

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3

What is an obstruction of the intestines?

Ileus

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4

What is a low level of glucose in the blood?

Hypoglycemia

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5

What is a pouch-like herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ, such as the stomach, small intestine, or most commonly the colon?

Diverticulum

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6

What is a varicosity in the lower rectum or anus caused by congestion in the veins of the plexus?

Hemorrhoids

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7

What is the state of being swollen?

Distention

8

What is the frequent passage of loose, watery stools?

Diarrhea

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9

What is the shortest, widest, and most fixed portion of the small intestine, taking an almost circular course from the pyloric valve of the stomach so that its termination is close to its starting point?

Duodenum

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10

What is a substance that causes evacuation of the bowel by a mild action?

Laxative

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11

What is a drug or other substance tending to promote the formation and excretion of urine?

Diuretic

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12

What is an illness or an abnormal condition or quality? OR What is the rate in which an illness occurs in a particular area or population?

Morbidity

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13

What is a diminished capacity to form and pass urine—less than 500 mL in every 24 hours—so that the end products of metabolism cannot be excreted efficiently?

Oliguria

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14

What is chronic inability to sleep or to remain asleep throughout the night?

Insomnia

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15

What is a syndrome characterized by sudden sleep attacks, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and visual or auditory hallucinations at the onset of sleep?

Narcolepsy

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16

What is a treatment other than through the digestive system?

Parenteral

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17

What is the largest of the four muscles of the quadriceps femoris group, situated on the lateral side of the thigh?

Vastus Lateralis

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18

What is any subjective sensation, experienced as numbness, tingling, or a “pins and needles” feeling?

Paresthesia

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19

What is a drug which affects skeletal muscle function and decreases the muscle tone?

Skeletal Muscle Relaxant

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20

What is a substance, procedure, or measure that has a calming effect?

Sedative / Hypnotic

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21

What is a state of exhaustion or a loss of strength or endurance, such as may follow strenuous physical activity?

Fatigue

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22

What is one of the three groups of endogenous opioid peptides composed of many amino acids, elaborated by the pituitary gland and other brain areas, and acting on the central and the peripheral nervous systems to reduce pain?

Endorphine

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23

What is the word for after death?

Postmortem

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24

What is the refusal or restriction of something requested, claimed or needed, often causing physical or emotional deficiency?

Denial

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25

What is an emotional reaction characterized by extreme displeasure, rage, indignation, or hostility?

Anger

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26

What is the harmful effects of certain substances on the eighth cranial nerve or the organs of hearing and balance?

Ototoxicity

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27

What is a mood disturbance characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement resulting from and normally proportionate to some personal loss or tragedy? OR What is an abnormal emotional state characterized by exaggerated feelings of sadness, melancholy, dejection, worthlessness, emptiness, and hopelessness that are inappropriate and out of proportion to reality?

Depression

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