Nichole's Quiz #6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nichole's Quiz #6 Deck (28):
1

Antihypertensive

Pertaining to a substance or procedure that reduces high blood pressure. 

2

Ecchymosis

 

Bluish discoloration of an area of skin or mucous membrane caused by the extravasation of blood into the submembrae caused by the extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissues as a result of trauma to the underlying blood vessels or fragility of the vessel walls. Also called Bruise. 

3

Edema

Accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues, such as in the pericardial sac, intrapleural space, peritoneal cavity, or joint capsules. 

4

Agonists

A contracting muscle whose contraction is opposed by another muscle (an antagoinist)

5

Sputum

Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated through the mouth. It contains mucus, cellular debris, or microorganisms, and it also may contain blood or pus. 

6

Hemoglobin

The oxygen-carrying pi;gments of erythrocytes, formed by developing erthrocytes in teh bone marrow. 

7

Serosanguineous

 

Thin and red. Composed of serum and blood.

8

Angina

A spasmodic, cramplike choking feeling resulting from insufficient oxygen supply to the myocardium, commonly caused by coronary artery disases. 

9

Atelectasis

An abnormal condition characterized by the collapse of alveoli, preventing teh respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen in a part of the lungs. 

 

(symptoms: diminished breath sounds, aspiratory crackles, mediastinal shift toward the side of the collapse, fever, increasing dyspnea.)

10

Hemoptysis

 

Coughing up blood from the respiratory tract. Blood streaked sputum oftern is present in minor upper respiratory infections or bronchitis. 

11

Hypoxia

Inadequate oxygen tension at the cellular level, characterized by tachycardia, hypertension, peripheral vasoconstriciton, dizziness, and mental confusion. 

12

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by an excess of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in teh hemoglobin molecule, such as in methemoglobin. 

13

Hemorrhage

A loss of a large amount of blood in a short period, either externally or internally. Hemorrhage may be arterial, venous, or capillary. 

14

Apnea

 

An absence of spontaneous respiration. 

15

Osmosis

The movement of a pure solvent sucha as water through a differentially permeable membrane from a solution that has a lower solute concentration to one that has a higher solute concentration. 

16

Hypokalemia

A condition in which an inadequate amount of potassium,  the major intracellular cation, is found in the circulating bloodstream. 

17

Isotonic

Pertaining to a solution that causes no change in cell volume. 

18

Interstitial

Pertaining to the space between cells, as interstitial fluid or between organs. 

19

Hypertonic

pertaining to a solution that causes cells to shrink.

a solution that increases the degree of osmotic pressure on a semipermeable membrane. 

20

Aphrodisiacs

21

Impotence

Weakness. Inability of the adult male to achieve or sustain a penile errection, or less commonly, to ejaculate after achieveing an erection. 

22

Homosexuality

The clear persistant desire of a person for affiliation with one sex reather than the other. 

23

Sodomy

Anal intercourse. Intercourse with an animal. A vague term for "unnatural" sexual intercourse. 

24

Mastectomy

The surgical removal of one or both breast, most commonly performed to remove a malignant tumor. 

25

Incision

A cut produced surgically by a sharp instrument that creastes an opening into an organ or space in the body. 

26

Hyperplasia

An increase in teh number of cells of a body part that results from an increased rate of cellular division. 

27

Anticholinergic

 

Pertaining to a blockage of acetylcholine receptors that results in the inhibition of the transmission of parasympathetic nerve impulses. 

Used to treat spastic disorders of teh GI tract, to reduce salivary and bronchial secretions before surgery, or to dilate the pupil. 

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